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Terms in this set (36)
ultimate governing authority rested with the consent of the people
distributing government power equally among the branches
Checks and Balances
states with large populations would have more representation
an agreement that the house would be based on proportional representation and Senate would be equally listed in constitution
power specifically listed in constitution
with retroactive effect or force
Ex Post Facto
thought the constitution gave the government to much power. was against the consititution
they were for the constitution
when legislature was the most powerful
checks and balances. the government has separate institutes with seperate powers
signing or giving consent to a treaty. make official
Types of Government (5)
Was used to settle disputes between states. Strived for a strong central government in which free states gave up rights.
What were the Articles of Confederation?
i. Established the first executive department similar to cabinets positions like treasury, state, and war
ii. Set up boundaries and governments for the Northwest territories
Advantages of Articles of Confederation.
i. Congress had no power to tax
ii. Congress could make agreements with foreign nations but could not enforce them
iii. Congress had no power making laws regulating trade between states
iv. Congress had no power to make laws directly regulating the behavior of citizens
Disadvantages of Articles of Confederation.
Was held in secret so anyone who wasn't supposed to be involved with it couldn't get involved.
Why did the delegates hold the constitutional convention in secret?
i. The Virginia Plan
ii. The New Jersey Plan
What were the two plans that decided how to handle representation?
The Great Compromise. Mixed the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan
What was it that saved the convention from falling apart and set up our current form of government.
The agreement to count enslaved individuals as 3/5th a person for representation in the House.
Many issues related to how to count slaves towards population. Representation should not be affected by members of society who could not vote.
What was the three-fifths compromise?
What were the issues with it?
i. Thought the constitution gave the government to much power.
ii. Thought it would create a government with so much power it would be like having a King.
iii. Thought the states should have more power because they were closer to the people
iv. Were for the Bill of Rights
i. Supported the constitution how it was
ii. Constitution had a strong sense of Checks and Balances, balanced power between three branches along with the local and state governments.
i. Legislative - congress had the power to make laws necessary for the advancement of society
ii. Executive - needed power to act quickly when necessary for common defense, public peace, and international relations
iii. Judicial - established to decide cases involving national laws. Supreme Court head of the national Judiciary
Three branches of government and their purpose
i. Freedom of religion, speech, and the press
ii. The right to bear arms
iii. The housing of soldiers
iv. Protection from unreasonable search and seizures
v. Protection of rights to life, liberty, and property
vi. Rights of accused persons in criminal cases
vii. Rights in civil cases
viii. Excessive bail, fines, and punishments forbidden
ix. Other rights kept by the people
x. Undelegated powers kept by the states and the people
What are the first ten amendments of the constitution?
A lot of work to go through and add more amendments
Why have there only been 27 amendments?
Legislative branch made up of two houses, The House of Representatives and The Senate.
What is bicameral legislature?
i. must be at least twenty-five
ii. must be a citizen of the United States for at least seven years
iii. Must be a resident of the state they represent
iv. one term - two year
Representative qualifications and term
i. must be at least thirty years old
ii. Must be a citizen of the United States for nine years
iii. one term - six years
Senator qualifications and term
i. Chuck Grassley
ii. Joni Ernst
i. introduce a bill
ii. First committee studies the bill
iii. Bill is read aloud to the members of the House or Senate
iv. Senate second reading, no time limit for the debate
v. Third reading, only the title of the bill is read, members vote
vi. Bill is passed it is sent to the other house of Congress to go through the same process
vii. Congress is in agreement the bill is sent to the president
Bill to Law
Filibuster is when you talk nonstop "talk a bill to death".
Used in Senate, not House of Representatives because the House has 435 members where Senate has 100 members
What house and why isn't it possible in the other
i. must be at least thirty-five years old
ii. must be a natural born citizen of the united states
iii. must have lived in the united states for at least fourteen years
i. one term is four years
ii. can only serve two terms, eight years
President terms and years
i. popular votes - the total number or percent of votes received by a party, candidate, or group of candidates.
ii. electoral votes - each state is allocated a number of electors equal to the number of it's u.s. senators, plus the number of it's u.s. representatives
Popular and electoral votes
i. made up of 538 electors
ii. majority is 270 votes
iii. decides the president and vice president
iv. voters choose who their electors vote for
v. voters go to the polls and elect a president and vice president. usually the candidates that receive that majority of votes wins the state's electoral votes
i. vice president
ii. speaker of the house of representatives
iii. president pro tempore of the senate
iv. secretary of state
v. secretary of treasury
vi. secretary of defense
Line of Succession
i. ruth bader ginsburg
ii. anthony kennedy
iii. john roberts
iv. clarence thomas
v. stephen breyer
vi. elena kagan
vii. samuel a. alito
viii. sonia sotomayor
ix. neil gorsuch
x. do not need to name them all
Supreme Court Justices
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