74 terms

Computer Basics - Hardware

This assigment is to build your vocabulary on the topic of computer basics - Identify the Parts of Computer, Basic Operations, Input, storage and output devices Function of the parts of the conputer
STUDY
PLAY
computer
A ______________________ is a machine that stores and processes data according to a list of instructions - a program [software].
input
It receives data through our senses
output
It reacts to processed data
memory
It remembers data
process
It acts on the data according to a list of instructions
hardware
The physical parts of a computer
input -> process -> output
The 3 baisc operations of a computer.
[in the correct sequence]
input, process, output, memory
The four characteristics of a computer
central processing unit
The brain of the computer
keyboard
mouse
microphone
read only memory
random access memory
hard disk
flash memory
floppy disk
zip disk
...
CD ROM
monitor
printer
...
plotter
speakers
headphones
digital camera
...
web camera
scanner
plotter
processor
Which device follows instructions and carry out actions?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which device accepts information?
[input, processor, output, storage]
output
Which device delivers information?
[input, processor, output, storage]
memory
Which device stores information?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- keyboard?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- mouse?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- microphone?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- scanner?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- web camera?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- digital camera?
[input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device
- Random Access Memory?
[input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device
- Hard disk?
[input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device
- Read Only Memory?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- Optical Mark Recognition Reader?
[input, processor, output, storage]
output
Which is this device
- printer?
[input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device
- CD ROM?
[input, processor, output, storage]
output
Which is this device
- Headphones?
[input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device
- Floppy Disk?
[input, processor, output, storage]
brain
Which is this device
- Central Processing Unit?
[input, brain, output, storage]
output
Which is this device
- speakers?
[input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device
- Flash memory?
[input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device - Thumb drive? [input, processor, output, storage]
storage
Which is this device
- Memory stick?
[input, processor, output, storage]
output
Which is this device
- Monitor?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- graphic tablet?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Reader? [input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- Game Console Controller?
[input, processor, output, storage]
output
Which is this device
- plotter?
[input, processor, output, storage]
input
Which is this device
- Barcode Reader?
[input, processor, output, storage]
system unit
system unit
The main body of a computer, consisting of a plastic or metal enclosure, the motherboard, and (typically) internal disk drives, a power supply, cooling fans, cables, buses and connectors.
motherboard
The central printed circuit board (PCB) that holds many of the crucial components of the system, such as the CPU, memory, graphics adapter and sound card while providing connectors for other peripherals such as printers, scanners, hard disks, microphones, web cams, and digital cameras.
central processing unit
It is the brain of the computer
It processes data and instructions
It takes instructions and executes them
It controls the flow of data between different parts of the computer
memory
It remembers:-
*Instructions for the computer's hardware (programs)
*User's information/ data
RAM
Stores data temporarily
scanner
It digitises information on hard copy into the computer
microphone
It captures sound into the computer
keyboard
To input data by typing
mouse
To input data by clicking
game console controller
The unit that plugs into a game console to control the game play
barcode reader
It reads information on a barcode
Optical Mark Recognition Reader
It reads marks made on specially printed forms and inputs into computer.
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Reader
It reads account numbers printed on cheques.
monitor
It displays information onto a screen
printer
It sends information produced by the computer system in a printed form
speakers
It produces sound and music generated by the computer

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