75 terms

Final Exam (From Unit Study Guides)

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Terms in this set (...)

Incarnation
Referring to the mystery of Jesus Christ becoming man
Church Fathers
Teachers whose writings extended the Tradition of the Apostles
Middle Ages
AKA Medieval period, time b/w collaps of the Western Roman Empire and the 14th century
Trinity
Christian belief that God exists as a communion of 3 distinct and interrelated persons
Vocation
A call from God to embrace a life of holiness
Scholastic Theology
use of philosophical methods to better understand revealed truth
Salvation
Refers to the forgiveness of sins and assurance of permanent union with GodT
Natural Revelation
The process by which God makes himself known through human reason through created world
What does it mean to say that all human beings are "religious"?
Created BY and FOR God and live in communion with him
How do we become more fully what God created us to be?
When we respond to his invitation to live in communion with him
What is our ultimate desire and why?
Union with him
What do all people need to survive and thrive?
Healthy Relationships
What is God calling us to constantly?
To be in relationship with him
What is the radical new way in which He reached out to us?
Incarnation
What is the meaning of Jesus' name?
God Saves
What does God provide in Jesus?
provided the definitive, superabundant answer to the questions that man asks himself about the meaning and purpose of his life
What does Augustine say about our happiness and God?
we need not look anywhere for happiness but to God, "for our hearts are restless​ until they rest" in him
Who takes the first step in the relationship between us and God? How do we respond?
God takes the first step; Responding we remove the promises and distractions of this world and focus on him in order to have a clearer sense of his vision and path.
God is our first ________________ and our ultimate __________________.
Origin and Goal
What did Jesus give us as the key for living in true happiness?
The Beatitudes
What are the four "objects" suggested by St. Augustine?
God- The Greatest Commandment" // We love because God first loved us - our love is always a response.

Neighbors- Second Greatest Commandment" //Don't always agree with their attitudes and actions but do revere and respect them// Created in God's likeness and image

Selves- To love ourselves is to love God who is imprinted on our hearts //Not selfish but should empower us to move beyond ourselves and build the reign of God where everyone can see their own value

Bodies- When God created the body, He showed a greater regard for beauty than for necessity"
God's "masterpiece"
Bears God's creative hand! Destined to manifest (as resurrected) God's greatness, goodness, and glory!
What are two ways that the Church Fathers taught that God can be known through Natural Revelation?
Human beings, universe, seeing God revealed
What are Aquinas's five proofs?
First Mover- everything moves in the universe , something started the motion// God is the First Mover

Causality- everything is caused by something else, but there must be an Ultimate or First Cause

Contingency- humans cannot exist without a necessary being who creates all but is not created// necessary being is God

Perfection- we know perfection because there is one all perfect being, God who sets standards for wisdom and truth

Intelligent Being- there is remarkable order to all creation// because of order, an intelligent designer must be behind the Universe// God is the designer
What is John Henry Newman's "theory of convergent probabilities"?
Certain indicators prove existence of God when they come together not by themselves ( they converge)
What is Karl Rahner use to illustrate God as "Absolute Mystery"?
Horizon
Gadium et Spes
Scrutinizing 'sign of the times' and 'interpreting them in light of the Gospel'
Saint Irenaeus (130-202),
made this point in his famous quotation: "Man fully alive is the glory of God."
Paschal Mystery
The work of Salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ mainly through his Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension
Deposit of Faith
The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition; passed on from the time of the apostles
Deuterocanon
The Catholic Bible includes an additional seven Old Testament books called the deuterocanonical (Greek for "second canon")
Covenant
A solem agreement or vow between human beings or between God and humans in which mutual commitments are made
Hebrew "berit" from Latin word convenire "to come together"
Redemption
From Latin word redemptio meaning "a buying back";referring in the Old Testament, to Yahweh's deliverance of Israel and, in the New Testament, to Christ's deliverance of all Christians from the forces of sin
Divine Inspiration
The divine assistance the Holy Spirit gave the authors of the books of the Bible so the authors could write in human words the salvation message God wanted to communicate
Torah/Pentateuch
Torah- Hebrew word for "law"
Pentateuch- Greek word meaning "five books"
Sacred Tradition
From Latin word tradere "to hand on" refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message; began with oral communication of the Gospel by the Apostles, was written down in the Scriptures, and is interpreted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit
Magisterium
the church's living teaching office, consisting of all the bishops in communion with the Pope
Canon
The collection of books in the Church recognizes as the inspired Word of God
Divine Revelation
Gods self communication through which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan; a gift accomplished by the Father, Son and Holy Spirit through the words and deeds of salvation history; fully realized in the Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus Christ
Bible
Comes from Greek word "biblios" which means books
Biblical Inerrancy
The doctrine that the books of the scriptures are free from error regarding the truth God wishes to reveal through the scriptures for the sake of our salvation
Vulgate
After Saint Jerome translated the Bible into Latin, the Church used that translation for over a thousand years. Jerome's translation of the Bible into Latin is known as the Latin word....
Parousia
The second coming of Christ at the end of time, fully realizing God's plan and the glorification of humanity
Development of the Scriptures
Experience/ Oral or Spoken / Written
Development of Gospels
Life and Teachings of Jesus / Oral Tradition/ Written Gospels
Who is responsible for interpreting the Deposit of Faith?
Magisterium
What do Catholics believe about the Sacred Scriptures?
lay the foundation for the Catholic Faith beliefs, practices and customs
is the true, authoritative record of Gods Saving plan
How does the catholic version of the Old Testament differ from that of the others Christians/Jews?
Contains 7 books that don't appear in other versions which is theDeuterocanon (J.W. BaSiTo)
What are the four standards by which the church discerned which booms belong in the canon of the scriptures?
apostolic origin- book was based on preaching and teaching of the apostles
universal acceptance- accepted/received by all major Christian Communities
early Christian community's use of text- part of entire worship, especially at the Eucharist
message of the book- consistent with other Christian and Hebrew writings
What accounts does the Old Testament present?
Tells of a loving relationship between God and the Hebrew people
What is the time frame of the things the Old Testament presents?
Creation of the world to the Kingdom of the Maccabees
What are the four Main Sections of the Catholic Old Testament?
Books of the Law
Historical Books
Wisdom Books
Prophetic Books
Idea of Books of the Law
First 5 Books
1)Teach about creation and sin
2)Accounts of the people of the faith and the history of God's Chosen people of Israel
(Torah/Pentateuch/ Law of Moses)
Idea of Historical Books
16 Books
1)Tells about Jewish Historic
2)Recount lives of: kings, judges, warriors, prophets
3)Point of the saving action of God in lives of the Israelites
Idea of Wisdom Books
7 Books
1)Characterized by emotional poetry and practical advices on what it means to be wise
2)Themes: wisdom, self-control, patience, honesty, diligence, suffering, respect for other
Idea of Prophetic Books
18 Books
1)Message of visionary religious reformers whom God called to challenge the people of Israel to : 1) stop idolatrous practices, 2) act justly, 3) care for the people,
2)Prophets proclaimed message of hope and consolation
3) Prophets called the people to repent of their sins
Why is the New Testament called "new"?
God the father entered into human condition in a radical way by sending his only Son, Jesus Christ to initiate a New Covenant with his people
What does God do that has never occurred before?
The Incarnation
What is the relation between the old and New Testaments?
The Old Testament prepares for the New Testament and the New Testament fulfills the Old; the two shed light on each other; both are the a true word of God
Do we still need the Old Testament? Why?
Yes because we can't understand the life and mission of Jesus
Why are the Gospels so important?
principal witness for the life and teachings of the Incarnate Word, our savior
Symbol of Matthew
Symbolized by a HUMAN because his Gospel opens with a genealogy of Jesus' ancestors
Symbol of Mark
Symbolized by a LION because his Gospel begins with the voices of one raring in the desert
Symbol of Luke
Symbolized by an OX (sacrificial animal)because it begins with John the Baptist
Symbol of John
Symbolized by EAGLE (that soars in the heavenly clouds) because of Christ's coming from heaven
Symbols come from....
Ezekiel
Who are the Pharisees?
Educated interpreters of the Law of Moses
Who are the Sadducees?
Strict adhered of Torah and preserve Sanctity of Temple
Who are the Zealots?
Revolutionary group concerned with restoration of Jewish independence
Who are the remaining 90%?
Great majority or everyone else
What are the five categories of writings in the New Testament?
Gospels
Acts of the apostles
Books of Revelation
Pauline Letters
Non Pauline Letters
Gospels
4 Books
Tells of Jesus' live, ministry, teachings, Passion, death, Resurrection and Ascension
Acts of the Apostles
2 Books
1)Tells about Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit descended upon Mary and the Apostles
2)Tells how Holy Spirit guided early Christian Community under leadership of St Paul and St Peter
Letters (Pauline and Non Pauline
13 (in total) Books
Content offers:
1)Empowering advice
2) teaching
3)community news
4) pastoral encouragement and support

5 Pauline Letters
8 Non Pauline (authors: James, Peter, John, Jude)
Book of Revelation
1 Book
Author= Jewish Christian named John
1)Written for late 1st Century Christians
2)Offers words of support for those suffering for their Christian beliefs
3)Author speaks of Parousia
What do we need to know in order to fully understand the New Testament?
Context in which those booms were written
1) the history of the time
2) the political divisions of the time
3) culture
4) religious practices of the people of the time
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