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145 terms

Small Mammals

Florida Institute of Animal Arts access
STUDY
PLAY
Ferret life span
5-8 years (12 max)
Ferret sexual maturity
4-8 months
Ferret gestation period
41-42 days
Ferret birth weight
8-10g
Ferret eyes and ears open
21-37 days
Ferret weaning age
6-8 weeks
Ferret adult male weight
1-2kg
Ferret female adult weight
600-950g
Ferret rectal temperature
100-104F
Ferret average blood volume
60 mL (males), 40mL (females)
Ferret heart rate
180-250bpm
Ferret urine volume
26-28mL / 24hrs
Rabbit lifespan
5-7 years (15 max)
Rabbit gestation
31-32 days
Rabbit litter size
4-10 kits
Rabbit weaning age
5-6 weeks
Rabbit rectal temperature
101-104F
Rabbit heart rate
200-300bpm
Rabbit respiration rate
30-60 bpm
Rabbit blood pressure
90-130 systolic, 80-90 diastolic
Rabbit food consumption
50 g/kg/day
Rabbit water consumption
100 ml/kg/day
Adult male ferrets
hobs
Intact female ferrets
jills
Spayed female ferrets
sprites
Juvenile ferrets
kits
Ferret teeth
30 deciduous, 34 permanent
Ferret protein requirements
30-40%
Ferret venipuncture sites
jugular vein, cephalic vein, caudal artery
Adult male rabbits
buck
Female rabbits
does
Neonate rabbits
kits
Rabbits raised for food
fryers
Rabbit types
dwarf, small, medium, large, giant
Rabbit venipucture sites
central artery of the ear, jugular vein, lateral marginal ear vein, cephalic vein
Rabbit skeletal difference
no fibula
Rabbit medicine
no vaccines avail. (interventional purposes rather than preventive other than spays and neuters)
Tyzzer's disease (Bacillus piliformis)
intracellular bacterium having vegetative and spore forms (hepatoenteric infectious disease caused by ingestion of spore contaminated food or bedding, seen in the very young, overcrowding, poor sanitation or deprivation of food or water)
Pasteurella
bacteria that causes sniffles in rabbits
malocclusion
abnormal contact between the upper and lower teeth
torticollis
head tilt (Stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscles of the neck; wryneck)
kindling
can rebreed within 24hrs of parturition
Mouse lifespan
1-3 years
Mouse adult weight
20-40g (males), 25-40g (females)
Mouse temperature
98-101F
Mouse heart rate
300-750bpm
Mouse respiratory rate
60-220bpm
Mouse puberty (sexual maturity)
35 days
Mouse estrous cycle
4-5 days
Mouse gestation
19-21 days
Mouse weaning age
19-28 days (3-4wks)
Mouse litter size
10-12
Rat lifespan
2-4 years
Rat adult weight
300-400g (males), 250-300g (females)
Rat temperature
99.5-100.6F
Rat heart rate
250-450bpm
Rat respiratory rate
70-115bpm
Rat puberty (sexual maturity)
37-67 days
Rat estrous cycle
4-5 days (rats)
Rat gestation
21-23 days
Rat weaning age
21 days
Rat litter size
6-12
Gerbil lifespan
3-7 years
Gerbil adult weight
80-120g males, 70-95g females
Gerbil temperature
101-103F
Gerbil heart rate
360bpm
Gerbil respiratory rate
90bpm
Gerbil puberty
70-84 days
Gerbil estrous cycle
4-7 days
Gerbil gestation
24-26 days
Gerbil weaning age
21 days
Gerbil litter size
3-7
Hamster lifespan
18-24 months
Hamster adult weight
85-130g (males), 95-150g (females)
Hamster temperature
101-103F
Hamster heart rate
300-500bpm
Hamster respiratory rate
?
Hamster puberty (sexual maturity)
45-75 days
Hamster estrous cycle
3-4 days
Hamster gestation
15 days
Hamster weaning age
20-25 days
Hamster litter size
5-9
Will fight
male mice, gerbils, and hamsters
Chinchilla puberty
3-4 months
Chinchilla gestation
110-138 days
Chinchilla average litters size
1-3 kits
Chinchilla litters per year
1-2 per year
Chinchilla average weight
400-600g
Chinchilla temperature
97-102F
Chinchilla heart rate
200-350 bpm
Chinchilla respiratory rate
40-80 bpm
Chinchilla venipuncture sites
jugular vein, cephalic vein, saphenous vein, femoral vein
cannot vomit
rabbits, rats, chinchilla
Guinea pig lifespan
5-7 years
Guinea Pig adult weight
900-1200g (males), 700-900g (females)
Guinea Pig puberty (sexual maturity)
45-70 days
Guinea pig breeding age
3-4 months
Guinea pig estrous cycle
15-17 days
Guinea Pig gestation
63-68 days
Guinea Pig litter size
2-5 pups
Guinea Pig weaning age
21 days
Guinea Pig respiratory rate
70-130 bpm
Guinea Pig heart rate
230-300 bpm
Guinea Pig rectal temperature
99-103.1F
Guinea Pig cannot synthesize
vitamin c (1g per liter)
Guinea pig presurgical fasting
2-4 hours
Hedgehog lifespan
3-4 years (in the wild)
Hedgehog sexual maturity
6-9 months
Hedgehog weaning age
5-6 wks
Hedgehog litter size
2-6
Hedgehogs breed
1-2 times a year
Sugar Glider weight range
95-120g
Sugar Glider body length
12-21cm
Sugar glider heart rate
200-300bpm
Sugar glider respiratory rate
16-40 bpm
Sugar Glider rectal temperature
96.5-97.9F
Sugar Glider gestation
15-70 days, leaves the pouch
Sugar Glider weaning age
110-120 days
Sugar Glider gliding membrane
petagium
Sugar Glider venipuncture sites
jugular vein, cranial vena cava, medial tibial
cryptorchidism
undescended testicle (one or both)
neutered ferret
hob
ferreting
rabbit hunting with ferrets (to search about, tunnel, to drive out from a place)
rabbiting
sport of hunting rabbits
omnivore
diet of meat and veggie
insectivore
diet of insects
marsupial
having pouches for carrying the young
nocturnal
(belonging to or) active during the night
guinea pigs cannot have this Rx
penicillin
sniffles disease (is caused by)
pasteurrella bacteria (in rabbits)
ferrets are used for
hunting, pets, med research
chinchilla are from
andes mountains of S Africa
rabbits are used for
fur, food, pets, med research
clostridium piliforme
tyzzer's Dx is caused by this bacteria
chinchilla lifespan
8-10yrs (max 30yrs)
chinchilla neonates
kits
chinchilla weaning period
7wks
sugar glider lifespan
4-6yrs
sugar glider cycle estrous
reflex ovulators
rabbit estrous cycle
reflex ovulators
reflex (induced) ovulators
ovulates after being bred (require the the act of copulation to stimulate ovulation; induced ovulators includes rabbits, ferrets, mink, voles, camels, domestic cats, the short-tailed tree shrew, and 13-lined ground squirrel)
ferret estrous cycle
photo receptive, reflex ovulators
Ferret litter size
1-7 kits
Hedgehog gestation
35 days
chinchilla gestation
28days