AP Lit (Hiller) SEM 1 STUDY GUIDE
Terms in this set (33)
A narration or description with meaning because of events, actions, characters, settings, and objects represent specific ideas;The Lord of the Flies by William Golding has many allegories about society, morality and religion
An address, either to someone who is absent and cannot hear the speaker or to something nonhuman that cannot understand what they are saying;"Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are.Up above the world so high like a diamond in the sky."
A literary ballad is a narrative poem that is written in deliberate imitation of the language, form, and spirit of the traditional ballad that tells a story and that eventually is written down;"Rime of an Ancient Mariner" is an example of a lyrical ballad due to its story telling, use of imagery, and how easy it is to put into musical terms.
A pause within a line of poetry that contributes to the rhythm of the line. ; The headphone explodes, || breaking the mold; Ozymandias (By Percy Bysshe Shelley). The poet has broken up all the lines rhythmically by using punctuation.
Meaning "purgation," catharsis describes the release of the emotions of pity and fear by the audience at the end of a tragedy."Here's to my love! [Drinks] O true apothecary! Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss, I die. [Falls]"
A French term meaning "unraveling" or "unknotting," used to describe the resolution of the plot following the climax."'They're a rotten crowd,' I shouted across the lawn. 'You're worth the whole damn bunch put together...'" - Nick from The Great Gatsby
Diction spoken by definable groups of people from a particular geographic region, economic group, or social class. Jim: "We's safe, Huck, we's safe! Jump up and crack yo' heels. Dat's de good ole Cairo at las', I jis knows it." - HuckFinn
The verbal exchanges between characters "I must go, Cathy," said Heathcliff, seeking to extricate himself from his companion's arms. "I won't stray five yards from your window..." -Wuthering Heights
A type of lyric poem present in the poem to reveal a dramatic situation and some aspect of his or her personality. As Romeo is hiding in the Capulet garden, waiting for a glimpse of his new love, Juliet steps out onto the balcony. Romeo then reveals his thoughts to the audience through this monologue
A mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation.But I, with mournful tread, Walk the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead."--Oh Captain My Captain
The most common form of rhyme in poetry; the rhyme comes at the end of the lines."Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary." - The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe
when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning. My heart leaps up when I behold, A rainbow in the sky, Does it dry up, Like a raisin in the sun?, Or fester like a sore —And then run? ...-Harlem by Langston Hughes
A narrative device that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances. "A long time ago in a galaxy far away, far away..."-Star Wars
The final section of a narrative, characterized by diminishing tensions and the resolution of the plot's conflicts and complications. Where Fortunato regains consciousness and struggles to get free of chains to call for help -The Cask of Amontillado (E.A.P)
A narrated scene that breaks to inform the reader or audience member about events that took place before the opening scene of a work. While going to a church, she remembers her child's birth, growing up, and death. --"The Cruel Mother."
A character in a work whose behavior and values contrast with another character to highlight the distinctive personality character. "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde", Robert Louis Stevenson explores the theme of doppelganger in which "Hyde" is not only an evil double of the honorable Dr. Jekyll
The overall structure or shape of a work. narrative form, short story form, stanza form, verse form
Also called open form poetry, free verse refers to poems characterized by their nonconformity to established patterns of meter, rhyme, and stanza. I'm not racist, and I never lie, But I think there's a disconnect between your culture and mine, I worship the Einsteins, study the Steve Jobs, But you ride 2Pac's dick like he was a ****in' god, oh my god! --I'm Not Racist by Joyner Lucas
excessive pride or self-confidence that leads a protagonist to disregard a divine warning or to violate an important moral law. Victor the protagonist of Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" exhibits this in his endeavor to become an unmatched scientist.
A metrical pattern in poetry which consists of five iambic feet per line. (An iamb, or iambic foot, consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.) 10 syllables per line. Shall I compare thee to a summers day --William Shakespeare
in medias res
Describes the common strategy of beginning a story in the middle of the action. In this type of plot, we enter the story on the verge of some important momentThe use of this as a plot structure goes back to the epics of ancient Greece: the Iliad and the Odyssey
A condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together, as in "sweet sorrow" or "original copy. Seriously funny Original copies
A statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense. Your enemy's friend is your enemy.
The physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs. Greece at night in a park in 2007
A person, object, image, word, or event that evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than its literal significance. Ching Chua gave his wife a red rose. (In Chinese culture, the color red ________ property and happiness.)
literary theory having mainly to do with structural purposes of a particular text
New Historicism Criticism
nsisted that to understand a literary piece, we need to understand the author's biography and social background, ideas circulating at the time, and the cultural milieu.
argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a manifestation of the author's own neuroses. Employed by Frued
views literary works as reflections of the social institutions from which they originate. ... It also includes analyzing the class constructs demonstrated in the literature.
.the ways in which literature (and other cultural productions) reinforce or undermine the economic, political, social, and psychological oppression of women"
Reader Response Criticism
literary theory that focuses on the "audience" and their experience of a literary work
Post Colonial Criticism
looks at issues of power, economics, politics, religion, and culture and how these elements work in relation to western colonizers controlling the colonized
It assumes that all discourse, even all historical narrative, is essentially disguised self-revelatory messages. Being subjective, the text has no fixed meaning, so when we read, we are prone to misread.