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Terms in this set (73)
Religious Truth vs. Science
- truth and science never contradict
- religious truth: figurative language that leads one to the religious truth, may not be historically or scientifically accurate, but the underlying message is true
God it united, yet three separate persons; the father, the son, and the holy spirit
the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world,the sin of Adam and Eve disobeying God's command by choosing to follow their own will and losing their original holiness and became subject to death; the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world
Rebellion of Adam and Eve
Self-centered vs God-centered choice
Consequences of Adam and Eve's sin for them....
- loss of original holiness and justice
- relationships are naturally marked by tension and misunderstanding
- more inclined to sin
- our relationship with God is clouded
- original sin does not ruin humans goodness but weakens our relationship with God
- lost their original holiness and justice
- felt guilt and shame in their nakedness
- ashamed to be seen by God
Consequences of Adam and Eve's sin for us
Our relationship with God is clouded and hidden, We struggle to find him, and we have problems sinning because we were born into this world with original sin
- The "first gospel"
- When God delivers to consequences of adam and eve to the serpent
Promise despite escalation of sin in Gn 3-11
Despite Adam and Eve's sin, God promises to bring savior to overcome sin
Cain and Abel represented jealousy and fratricide (to kill one's own brother or sister)
Cain was jealous that God liked his sacrifice offering better than his so he killed him
After the murder, God marked Cain to prevent anyone from killing him in revenge
In the story of Noah and the Flood the world was so muddled with sin that God had to start over
God was able to continue his promise through Noah and his family but also makes a covenant with Noah that he will never flood the Earth again
The Covenant with Noah
Between God and the human race
God promises never to flood the Earth again and that all of Noah's descendants will multiply and occupy all nations of the Earth
The Abrahamic Covenant
God begins new phase to restore humanity's holiness and justice and calls the Chosen People who have a special, unique relationship with him
Promises to Abraham
- Many descendants
- Provide abraham and his descendants a land of their own
- Make abraham and his descendants a blessing for all nations
- Circumcision is the mark of the covenant
The Mosaic Covenant
- God summons Moses to mountain and renews abraham's covenant with him
- Gives moses ten commandments
The Davidic Covenant
David wishes to build a dwelling place for the Ark of the Covenant which is a box in which the commandments are held
The israelites had no central government and whenever there would be an issue God would called a judge.
Israelites sin, they repent and call out to God, god raises up a judge, israelites behave, then they break the cycle again , The Israelites take over the Promised Land but they forget the Law and Covenant again and again, so God let's them fall into sin and be taken by the enemy. When the Israelites repent and ask God for help, he raises up a judge to lead the victory against their enemies, then it repeats. This also relates to the Chosen People of God since God wants them to be in full communion with him.
Samuel is the last of israel when asked to appoint a king
- Saul: lack of trust
- David: Lust
- Solomon: Greed
- Watchdogs of the covenant and the law
- Call things and people to be faithful to the covenant and warn of consequences
- Reminds people about the promise
Significance of Mary's faith and trust in God
May showed her complete trust and faith in God and by saying to be the mother of Jesus this was the Annunciation Mary committed to (Plan of Salvation). Because of God's grace Mary's face was possible, she also was without original sin her whole life.
Titles for Jesus
Son of God
from the latin meaning "to become flesh", referring to the biblical revelation that jesus is both true god and true man
Reasons for the Incarnation
- to reconcile us with God through the forgiveness of sins
- that we might know the depth of God's love
- to be our model of holiness
- to make us partakers of Divine Nature
- to destroy the power of the devil
The Baptism in the Jordan
- John is baptizing in the Jordan proclaiming a baptism of repentance.
- Against protests of his unworthiness, John baptizes Jesus in the Jordan.
- After Jesus' baptism a voice from Heaven: "This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased."
- The Spirit descends upon Jesus in the form of a dove.
- The divine Trinity is manifested: the voice of the -
- Father is heard as the Spirit descends upon the Son.
- perfect obedience to his heavenly father through Baptism
The Wedding of Cana
- Jesus, His Mother and disciples were invited to a wedding in Cana.
- During the wedding feast the wine ran short.
- Mary turned to Jesus: "They have no wine."
- Jesus replied: "What would you have me do? My hour has not yet come."
- There were six stone water jars, each holding fifteen to twenty gallons.
- At Mary's request, Jesus worked His first miracle: turning water into wine.
The Proclamation of the Kingdom
- "Repent, for the kingdom of God is at hand."
- "My kingdom is not of this world."
- "Unless a man be born again of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of heaven."
- "Whoever does not accept the kingdom of God as a little child will not enter into it."
- "I have come to call sinners, not the just."
- Love your enemies, pray for those who persecute you."
- "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven."
- "Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for justice, for they shall be satisfied."
- "Blessed are they who suffer persecution for justice' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven."
- "You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church... I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven."
- Jesus took Peter, James and John up a high mountain to pray.
- Jesus was transfigured before them.
- This was to fortify their faith to withstand the coming tragedy of the Passion.
- Jesus foresaw the 'scandal of the cross,' and prepared them for it by this manifestation of His glory.
- From a cloud came a voice: "This is my beloved Son, listen to Him."
- Jesus admonishes them not to tell the vision to anyone until the Son of Man rises from the dead.
- We too will behold the transfigured Jesus on the Last Day.
The Institution of the Eucharist
- I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.
- Jesus took bread, blessed it: "Take and eat, this is My Body."
- Taking the wine: "This cup is the new covenant in my Blood, shed for you."
- At that eucharistic meal, Jesus celebrated the first Mass.
- At every Mass the sacrifice of Calvary is made present.
- At the Last Supper Jesus instituted the sacrament of Holy Orders to perpetuate this sacrifice.
- Jesus' life was offered up for us
the work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ mainly through his life, passion, death, resurrection, and ascension
Resurrection of Jesus
the passage of Jesus death to new life " on the third day" after his crucifixion; the heart of the paschal mystery and the basis of our hope in the resurrection of the dead
Evidence for the Resurrection
the 'going up' into heaven of the risen christ forty days after his resurrection
Universal call to holiness of life
Being holy is a lifelong commitment, but it's not impossible
- To be set apart for god's service and to live a morally good life
- Be a person of prayer
- Reveal god's love to the world through acts of loving service
Living as a disciple of Jesus
- Spread jesus' message
- Attend mass
- Participate in penance and reconciliation
- Sacre and comfort to share love
Importance of prayer
- Response to god
- Lifting our hearts to god in praise, petition, thanksgiving, and intercession
- Communication with god in a relationship of love
Role of the Church in prayer
- Spread jesus's message
- Pray for those who are distant from god
Asking god to care for a particular person, place or activity
Prayerful acknowledgement that god is god and the creator of all that is
Asking god for help and forgiveness
A prayer on behalf of another person or group
Prayer of gratitude
- Prayer of acknowledgement that god is god
- Expressing love for god
Expressions of Prayer
Vocal, Meditative, Contemplative
- the entire community of God's People around the world
- the local community, which is a diocese or archdiocese, such as the Archdiocese of Chicago
- the community assembled for liturgy, Mass
Role of the Trinity in establishing the Church
- God planned the church
- Jesus preached the kingdom of god and established the structure of the church
- Holy Spirit animates, sanctifies, and builds the church, reveals the church
the 50th day following easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit on the early Apostles and disciples, tongues of fire, symbolizes transforming energy of the Holy Spirit, came to the disciples
Roles of the Holy Spirit in the Church
-virtues of a moral life
- the gifts of the Holy Spirit
-Baptism, brings each person into the Body of Christ
Jesus instructing his disciples to spread his teachings to all the nations of the world
Persecutions and martyrdom in early Church
Roman authorities persecuted because early christians refused to offer sacrifices to roman emperor
- Preached to jews and gentiles
- Used imagery when preaching
- First martyr of the church
- Stoned to death
- After death → persecution of jerusalem church broke out
- One of the leaders of the first generation of christians
- First pope
People of God
- God wants all people to be his and offers membership to everyone
- Draws people from all over the world
- One family, one people of god
- Jewish people were the People of God because they were born into it and that was wear Jesus came from (ethnicity), it also was created with the New Covenant at the Last Supper
Body of Christ
Body and Blood at the Eucharist
- In the sacrament of eucharist
- Name given to the action of changing bread and wine into body and blood of christ
is us receiving the Body and Blood of Christ in the Eucharist, which helps creates a closer relationship with him and it helps us become more open to accepting him.
Bride of Christ
- Symbolized union between christ and the church
- The church is the bride of christ
- Intimate relationship
Temple of the Holy Spirit
- The holy spirit is the soul of the church and the source of the church's life
-Old Testament was where the Temple was a building of God's presents in a unique way, and this is how the Holy Spirit speaks to the people through the deep and unique meaning of God
There is one Church, one Body of Christ, and it is all characterized by unity
The Church is united with Christ and he has given the Church the means of salvation. The Sacraments, Bible, Communion of the Saints, are the gifts of the Church from the Holy Spirit.
the grace that heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity
God's interventions and support for us in the everyday moments of our lives. Actual graces are important for conversion and for continuing growth in holiness
the gifts power to each of the seven sacraments
habit that God is always with us and continues to show
certain gifts people have to help build the Church like charisms from the Holy Spirit where you live a life of obedience
The Church is Catholic because Christ is fully present in the Church and because he has given the Church the full means of salvation.
The Church is Apostolic because it was founded on Jesus Apostles
Church and the sign of times
Proclaim gospel message in a way that can relate to people of the modern age
the proclamation of the good news of Jesus Christ through words and witness
the churchś living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in the communion with pope
Responsibilities of the Bishop
- Teach scripture + Tradition
2. Sanctify the church
- Administering sacraments
3. Govern the church
another name for the first and most fundamental community of faith: the family
Role of the Laity
called to proclaim the word the word of god
Implications for Life of a Believer
- Belonging to the Church
- Living as a member of the Church
believe in Scripture alone
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