Coach Wes Midterm
Terms in this set (94)
Oliver Cormwell's defeat of the king's forces allowed him to...
take control of England and eventually establish a military dictatorship
Why were paleolithic people nomads?
they followed the animals, bringing them place to place
What was the neolithic revolution?
farming and taming of animals
What year did the first civilization emerge in river valleys?
What was the silk road?
trade route from China across central Asia to Mesopotamia
Growing crops on a regular basis in Mesopotamia could only be done after what?
What did Sumerians establish first?
What Athenian ruler created the council of 500 to propose laws to the assembly and grant authority to have final authorization over laws?
How did the Great Peloponnesian War end?
Sparta beat Athens, it left them both weak
What group of people are said to sac Troy in the Illiad?
In Platos just state, what are the 3 groups that people are divided by?
philosopher kings, warriors, producers
In 509 BC, what happened in Rome?
Rome overthrew it's last Etruscan king and formed a republic
Who could become a slave in Rome?
anyone (doctors, people of all ethnicity)
Greek language and culture spread through southwest Asia during what era?
Phillip II of Spain was know as...
Most Catholic King
James I of England believed in the divine right of kings, which is...
the idea that kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God
The _________ were Protestants in England who were inspired by Calvinist ideas.
The foundation for a constitutional monarchy in England was laid by the...
Bill of Rights
What is absolutism?
a system of government in which a ruler holds total power
Louis XIV maintained complete authority as monarch by...
distracting the nobles and royal princes with court life, to keep them out of politics
The style of painting known as _________ is known for its use of dramatic effects to arouse the emotions
The work of William Shakespeare is perhaps the best example of _________ literature
Seven percent of the total French population were ______________
The Edict of Nantes recognized Catholicisms the official religion of France, and
gave Huguenots the right to worship and to enjoy all political privileges
The Thirty Years War involved all the major European powers except which nation?
What was the Glorious Revolution?
the invasion of England by William of Orange, which overthrew James II with almost no bloodshed
The _________ granted Puritans, but not Catholics, the right of public worship
Toleration Act of 1689
The ideas of ________ can be found in the American Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution
When Henry of Navarre became Henry IV, he ....
converted to Catholicism
Elizabeth Tudor tried to
avoid war with France and Spain
The French kings of the 16th century managed to
do little to stop the spread of Protestantism
James I of England strongly believed in
divine right of kings
The Civil War in England was a conflict between
the king and parliament
The Bill of Rights did all of the following EXCEPT
The royal court at Versailles was NOT used as what?
the first university
Thomas Hobbes claimed that any ungoverned society made human life
solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short
John Locke argued that before society was organized it was what?
humans had natural rights
European civilizations were formed by Germanic peoples, Catholic church, and __________
legacy of the Romans
First caliph was Muhammads who?
father-in-law, Abu Bakr
The effect of Muslim culture was seen where in Europe?
Spain under Islamic rule
First year in Muslim calendar marks what?
journey to Midiniah
Trip to Midiniah from Mecca is called what?
Who wrote medical encyclopedia about disease
In what century did the Catholic church have the most political power?
100 years war conflict was between who?
England and France
Female intellectuals in middle ages typically went where?
Which Italian city in Europe did the first university appear?
Investing for purpose of profiting is the idea behind what?
Black Death devastated Europe in what century
The black death was brought over by who?
Italian merchants spreading to southern parts of Italy and France
What lasted from 1378 to 1417 and resulted in a decline in church power
the great schism
What was the first protestant faith?
What did the Peace of Augsberg formally do?
Who founded the society of Jesus (Jesuits)?
Ignatius of Loyola
Why was Chaucer's Canterbury tails important?
it was written in Venacular
Why was Leonardo da Vinci a good example of Renaissance Italy's social ideal?
he was a painter, sculptor, architect, and mathematician
What is Christine de Pizan best known for?
her works written to defend women
What do Christian humanists believe in?
if people read basic works of Christianity, they would become more pious
What movement had a profound effect on education?
Who was the best known of all Christian humanists?
What did the 95 thesis do?
attacked the indulgences
John Calvin agreed with Martin Luther on all but what?
Catholics and Protestants hated who?
The final decrease of the council of Trent did what?
reaffirmed traditional catholic teachings
What is the name of the first set of principles that dominated economics throughout in the 17th century?
the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis
the best definition for a civilization
a complex culture in which large numbers of people share a number of common elements
a long poem that tells the story of a hero
nomadic people whose camel caravans became known as the fleets of the desert
Popular Religious practices in the Middle Ages
veneration of saints, pilgrimages to shrines, and sacraments
Who were the Renaissance artists during High Renaissance
Raphael, Michelangelo, Leonardo de vinci
described characteristics of a perfect Renaissance noble and many nobles aimed to that for hundreds of years
Book of Courtier
Who believed individuals should live in a just and rational state?
the southern coast of Africa became known as this by Portuguese explorers
The Gold Coast
get a line that says the Portuguese can trade to the east and Spanish can trade to the west; but tell Spanish they must convert people to Catholicism
Treaty of Tordesillas
explored the new England coastline of the America for England
the journey across the Atlantic, of enslaved people from Africa to the Americas
sailed around the tip of south America and into the pacific ocean
First to settle along the Hudson
a pattern of trade that connected Europe, Africa, and asia, and the American continents; typically, manufactured goods fro Europe were sent to Africa, where they were exchanged for enslave persons, who were sent to the Americas, where they were exchanged for raw material that were then sent to Europe
the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports over time
balance of trade
Who went to his grave believing he had found a westward route to Asia, when he had in fact discovered the Americas?
Originally, African slaves were brought to the Americas to supply labor where?
Europeans had less impact on the mainland states of Southeast Asia because of what?
they were stronger and had forces to unite to drive the Europeans out
male leader of the family
led slave revolt
Most important human innovation
Who conquered the Aztecs?
mercantilism primary source is....
How was Judaism different from other religions?
presents one God
Who prospered in trade after Black Death
Virgil wrote the _____________
Why did parents in the Renn. set up their childrens marriages?
they didnt want them marrying someone from the lower class
Neolithic Revolution is best described as what?
shift from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture