8th Grade Literature Midterm Review
Terms in this set (58)
to go or move away; retreat; go to or toward a more distant point (withdraw)
willingness to believe or trust too readily; especially without proper evidence (gullibility)
to drive off in various directions (disperse)
feeling, characterized by, or expressing strong displeasure at something considered unjust (resentful)
the aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprises in a particular field (commerce)
a feeling of awe, respect, and reverence (honor)
the providing or supplying of something- food or necessities (donating)
affected with, characterized by showing mournfulness (sadness); depression (dispirited)
continuing without interruption; ceaseless; unending (constant)
irresistible impulse to perform an act; especially one that s irrational or contrary to one's will (demand)
an attitude toward something; regard; opinion (feeling)
earnest request or petition; supplication (appeal)
firmly resolved or determined; set in purpose or opinion (firm)
without means of subsistence; lacking food, clothing, and shelter (empty)
incapable of being accounted for or explained (understood)
likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing (vulnerable)
desire to do good to others; goodwill; charitableness (compassion)
The miserly owner and accountant in London; very greedy and cold-hearted
Scrooge's dead business partner; chained (transparent body)
The Ghost of Christmas Past
1st ghost to appear. The first ghost to visit Scrooge; childlike; receded from view
The Ghost of Christmas Present
wears a robe, youngest member of Christmas ghost family; eat, drinks, a laughs a lot.
The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come
wore deep black garment (showed nothing but his hand); did not speak or move
Scrooge's nephew; thinks that Christmas is the only time people truly appreciate those around them and those below them (such as donating money to charities) but the rest of the year people ignore the poor/unfortunate
Scrooge's accountant; very poor and needs the money to support his family; although Scrooge mistreats him, Bob remains a humble and loyal employee.
Bob Cratchit's disabled son; highly sentimentalized (wants people to see God him) who Dickens uses to highlight and make the audience feel pity for the poverty
King of Siciliy; friend of the Bohemian King Polixenes. He is gripped by jealous fantasies, which convince him that Polixenes has been having an affair with his wife, Hermione; his jealousy leads to the destruction of his family.
The daughter of Leontes and Hermione; abandoned as a baby on the coast of Bohemia; raise by a Shepherd. Unaware of her royal lineage, she falls in love with the Bohemian Prince Florizel.
A noblewoman of Sicily, she is fierce in her defense of Hermione's virtue, and unrelenting in her condemnation of Leontes after Hermione's death. She is also the agent of the (apparently) dead Queen's resurrection.
The virtuous and beautiful Queen of Sicilia. Falsely accused of infidelity by her husband, Leontes; "dies" of grief just after the tragic loss of her son, Mamillius
An honest Sicilian nobleman, he refuses to follow Leontes's order to poison Polixenes, deciding instead to flee Sicily and enter the Bohemian King's service; reconnects Perdita and Leontes
Polixenes's only son and heir; he falls in love with Perdita, unaware of her royal ancestry; defies his father by eloping with her.
King of Bohemia; friend of Leontes. He is falsely accused of having an affair with Hermione; barely escapes Siciliy with his life. Father of Florizel
Paulina's husband; loyal defender of Hermione. He is given the unfortunate task of abandoning the baby Perdita on the Bohemian coast; eaten by bear
Narrator of Raven
Plot of "Necklace"
Plot of " A Winter's Tale"
Theme: Mercy- Hermione forgives Leontes for all the destruction he has caused in his family
Plot of "A Christmas Carol"
Theme: Gratitude and Hope-
Concepts of Transcendentalism
Emerson and his beliefs (Self-Reliance)
Thoreau and his beliefs (Walden)
Setting and Mood (The Raven)
Mood- ominous atmosphere when bird comes to visit narrator; recently lost love, Lenore; place of dark grief. Setting- narrator's chamber at midnight on a cold dreary night in December
What does each Spirit show Scrooge and how does this affect him?
Past- showed Scrooge his mistakes; how greedy and selfish he was
Present- showed Scrooge how grateful others are for the little they have (Cratchit Family)
Future- showed Scrooge people that would sell his fine things for money after he died
made him realize what it takes to become a better person and have Christmas spirit (gratefulness)
How does Scrooge make amends? Does he just use his money? How do his actions tie in with his words about Fezziwig, "He has the power to make us happy or unhappy?"
Buys turkey for Bob and his family, takes care of Tiny Tim, goes to Fred's Christmas party, and gives Bob a raise. In the end, Scrooge decides to use his powers for good not evil
How is wealth a theme in the story? What statement does Dickens make about wealth?
Poverty is a problem in the story. Dickens makes the statement that
Where do we see Dickens as a power of Social Justice?
ties to the problems of Victorian London
Dickens used writing to teach people about how bad Victorian London was
Concepts and devices in the Transcendentalist poems (Whitman, Dickinson, etc.--see test)
A comparison of two things using like or as
a direct comparison of two unlike things
the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words
an obvious exaggeration for emphasis
words which imitate the sound they refer to
giving human characteristics to non-human
An object representing another, giving a deeper meaning
A reference to a person, place, thing, or idea of historical, political, or literary significance
the opposite of what you expect