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35 terms

Art History Cha. 14 Middle Ages; Romanesque and Gothic

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Pointed Arch
a curved arrangement of stones that meet at the center point at the top
Flying Buttress
a brace or support placed on the outside of a building
Stained Glass
an artistic arrangement of colored glass
Fresco
A painting created when pigment is applied to a
section of wall spread with fresh plaster
The Layout of a Romanesque Church
it is in the shape of a cross
Tapestry
a piece of work that is used with thread
Last Judgement
from West Tympanum in Saint-Lazare in Autun, by Gislebertus, 1120-1135. Romanesque. long thin proportion of Jesus, who is distant and removed. conceptual. story starts in lintel--waking the dead. anticipation, anxiety, trepidation. childlike figures. on left of Jesus=hell. on right=heaven. meant to scare people about fate and their life.
Trumeau
center post supporting the lintel in the middle doorway
Tympanum
half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church.
enamel
A decorative coating, usually colored, fused onto the surface of metal, glass, or ceramics.
reliquary
A container for keeping relics.
vellum
Calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting.
relics
The body parts, clothing, or objects associated with a holy figure, such as the Buddha or Christ or a Christian saint
repoussé
Formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver.
Carolingian
(adj.) Pertaining to the empire of Charlemagne (Latin, Carolus Magnus) and his successors.
carpet pages
In early medieval manuscripts, decorative pages resembling textiles.
ambulatory
A covered walkway, outdoors (as in a church cloister) or indoors; especially the passageway around the apse and the choir of a church. In Buddhist architecture, the passageway leading around the stupa in a chaitya hall
cloisonne
technique in enameled decoration of metal, involving metal wire that is fixed to surface in a design. The resulting areas filled with decorative enamel.
choir
new addition to basilicas
Beneditine order
orderly lifestyle, self-sufficient, brewery, or winery for business.
Ultrecht Psalter
books of Psalms that standardized the alphabet and christian gospel.
Cover Lindau Gospels
reposee, jeweled cross; pearls, gold, crucifixion-angles mourning over christ.
The Ottomian period
"Holy Roman empire," unify Germany and Austria
Doors of Saint Michael
bronze, "concept of original sin." harsh style and harsh choice of subject matter
Abbey of Saint Gall, Switzerland
plan for the ideal monastery, orderly layout.
Matthew the Evangelist
Corinthian style from the Ebbo gospels- his writtings the book of Matthew. Roman style influence, trying to do illusionism, tradition of making portable objects.
Palace chapel of Charlemagne
Aachen, Germany (many changes over this time) ; central plan, octagon inside, used a a moratorium house for relics. He dies, it becomes his mausoleum, heavy style characteristics style continued.
Romanesque Period
aggressive time, roman like period, lost recipe for concrete led to looking back of Ancient Roman art and use limestone instead of concrete.
Pilgrimages
catholic church urges ppl to go to St. James
Crusades
military pilgrimages that traveled to the sacred land to bring back sacred objects to Europe.
Abbey Church of Sainte-Foy
child saint, she died young, added storage for relics (choir)
Mass
3 dimentional solid
Doubting Thomas
relief, repetitive figures. He doubts Christ and looks for the stigmata marks on Christ's body.
Archivolts (vouissoirs)
an ornamental molding or band following the curve on the underside of an arch.
Trumeau
a column that separates a door