History 124 Final Exam
Terms in this set (70)
Scholars have theorized that all of the following may have contributed to the surge in activity of pastoral nomadic populations in Inner Eurasia from the third to sixth century C.E., EXCEPT
The unification of several disparate pastoral nomadic tribes into a single military force.
Which of the following is a true statement regarding the collapse of the Han dynasty?
The Han were ultimately unable to financially support the vast territory they ruled.
The collapse of the Han and Parthian empires differed in which important respect?
Centuries of political fragmentation followed the Han collapse, while the Parthian empire was quickly replaced by Sasanid rule.
Beginning in the fourth century C.E., the Roman emperor ruled from which city?
Attila the Hun contributed greatly to which of the following events?
the collapse of the western Roman empire
Byzantium was which of the following?
the eastern half of the Roman empire
Which of the following best describes the ruling style of the Guptas?
The Guptas permitted local rulers to retain much of their authority as long as they paid tribute to the Gupta king.
Which of the following contributed to the success of Buddhism in China?
Buddhism offered an escape from the chaos and suffering of China's long Age of Division
A major point of contention among early Christian scholars was
the relationship of Jesus to God.
Which of the following is an accurate statement regarding the fact that the language of Madagascar belongs to the Austronesian family of languages?
Despite technological limitations, Austronesian-speaking mariners sailed to parts of Africa and interacted with local populations.
Islam's main scripture is known as the
Muhammad differed from Jesus and Buddha in which of the following ways?
Muhammad founded a political as well as religious community, while Jesus and Buddha remained apart from politics.
Which of the following is NOT a true statement regarding the rise of the first Arab state after Muhammad's death?
The Arabs attempted to quickly negotiate peace treaties with the Byzantine and Sasanid empires so that the borders of their new state might be secure and stable.
The Sunni and Shi'a sects of Islam split due to a disagreement about which of the following?
How the leader of Islam should be chosen
The Umayyads were ultimately defeated by the
The military crises brought about by Arab attacks resulted in which of the following in the Byzantine state?
A restructuring of the Byzantine state in order to centralize authority
One consequence of the collapse of the western Roman empire in Europe was that
Latin ceased to be a commonly spoken language, and Germanic languages spread widely.
Charlemagne sought to bring about which of the following?
the revival of an entity similar to the western Roman empire
The reign of Empress Wu was characterized by a
rise in Buddhist art, culture, and scholarship.
The Grand Canal constructed during the Tang dynasty was intended to
connect China's northern and southern regions.
The Abbasids set up their capitol in which city?
One important difference between Islam and Christianity was that
Islam lacked the hierarchical structure that Christianity possessed and spread through more informal channels.
Which of the following is an accurate statement regarding the social structure of Muslim states?
Though Islam encouraged equality among all of its followers, Muslim cities were marked by great disparities between rich and poor.
The life and work of Abu Bakr al-Razi tells us what about Islamic society at the end of the first millennium C.E.?
Muslim thinkers made many advances in the fields of science and medicine, but relied heavily on the works of earlier Greeks and Romans
Which of the following best describes the relationship between science and religion in the Islamic world beginning in the eleventh century?
While many Muslims continued to engage in scientific inquiry, authorities expected obedience to religious values in the public arena.
Which of the following best describes the belief system known as Shinto?
a belief system in which ancestral and other spirits inhabit the natural world and have a great deal of influence over events
Which of the following likely contributed to the rise of states in West Africa from the third to the eleventh centuries C.E.?
an extended period of increased rainfall
One important consequence of the trans-Saharan trade was the
spread of Islam into West Africa.
Which of the following best describes Viking incursions into other parts of Europe?
While some Vikings raided and looted, others remained and founded new settlements throughout northern Europe.
Which of the following best describes the role of women in feudal society?
Women exerted a great deal of influence in feudal European society through the marriage alliances they helped to cement.
To encourage the growth of the Chinese economy, the Song
expanded China's already extensive network of waterways.
Which of the following is an important difference between the peasantry of Europe under feudalism and China's peasantry under the Song dynasty?
Chinese peasants could sell or bequeath their land to children, unlike the majority of European peasants who labored on the land of wealthy aristocrats.
Japan's samurai class was most similar to which of the following?
The Seljuks can best be described as which of the following?
Which of the following was a defining belief of the Almohads?
God is a spiritual entity that cannot be described in terms of any human quality or characteristic.
The term Sufism refers to which of the following?
the mystical branch of Islam
The annual markets held in the Champagne region of France in the twelfth century tell us what about European society during this period?
Europeans were producing larger quantities of manufactured goods and engaging more heavily in trans-hemispheric trade.
The Magna Carta is important because it
limited the power of the English monarch, especially his or her ability to raise taxes.
Christian incursions into Muslim Spain from the eleventh to thirteenth centuries led to which of the following?
a degree of cooperation and mixing of cultures among Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the region
The growth of Christian monasteries throughout Europe led to which of the following?
the emergence of a distinct European Christian culture
Which of the following is NOT a true statement regarding Chingis Khan's victory over northern China?
Chingis Khan's victory in northern China came at the expense of his campaigns in central Eurasia.
The use of Mongol military units resulted in which of the following?
the breakdown of traditional kinship ties among Mongols to create more loyalty to the royal court of Chingis Khan
The life of Sorghaghtani Beki tells us what about the status of women in Mongol society?
Mongol women could achieve great political power and were recognized for their achievements.
Which of the following best describes the long-term impact of the Mongol invasions of the thirteenth century?
Some territories recovered relatively quickly from Mongol invasions, but many lands suffered economic decline and population decrease for decades after.
Which of the following best describes the impact of Kubilai Khan's rule on the structure of Chinese society?
Though Kubilai Khan relied on Turko-Mongol officials for the highest positions in society, he made great use of lower-level Chinese bureaucrats and kept most of China's institutions intact.
Kubilai Khan attempted to seize which of the following territories because of its strategic position in the sea trade?
Which of the following is evidence of Africa's growing role in trans-hemispheric trade during the thirteenth century?
the discovery of Chinese porcelain in the land known as Great Zimbabwe
Which of the following was an important difference between private enterprise in Europe and private enterprise in China during the thirteenth century?
Chinese imperial authorities often initiated and regulated private ventures, while charters enabled individuals and groups in Europe to manage private enterprises without oversight by political leaders.
Which of the following best summarizes the basic principle of scholastic theology?
Scholastic theology combines the principles of Aristotle with the concept of Christian divine revelation.
Mali's religious identity is best described by which of the following?
Mali's rulers followed Islam, but they honored and incorporated many local religious beliefs and practices into the traditions of the royal court.
Most of the settlements of the Pueblo peoples lay
on the Colorado Plateau.
What was the primary reason people migrated during the ninth and tenth centuries from northern Mexico and the American Southwest to the highlands of central Mexico?
Which of the following statements about the Toltecs is the most accurate?
The Toltecs developed regular trade relations with the Maya state of Chichén Itzá.
While most of the Tiwanaku population lived in meager houses, their ruling class lived and worked
atop two great platforms.
Which of the following was a result of the practice of split inheritance in Chimu?
militaristic expansion to acquire new tributaries
How were the Aztec and Inca empires similar to the ancient Roman empire?
They credited their success to the favor of the gods.
Cities of the Triple Alliance sometimes fought pre-arranged battles to
trade captives for ritual killing.
Why did Pachakuti hoard food stores taken as spoils in the war with the Chanka?
because of the harsh and unpredictable Andean weather
In the Incan state, the primary tribute paid by conquered societies was
What set off a civil war between the two sons of King Wayna Qhapaq?
the death of the king
Climatologists labeled the cooling cycle that ended in the mid-1800s the
Little Ice Age.
Among the structural shifts undermining the Mongol state in the 1300s was
price inflation caused by excess paper money.
In the Mamluk sultanate of Egypt and Syria in the wake of the Black Death, income ________ for rural peasants and ________ for skilled urban workers.
Why was the seat of the church moved from Rome to Avignon in southern France?
so the French crown could more easily influence the church
Since printing didn't take hold in India or in the central Muslim lands until the fourteenth or fifteenth centuries, how did colleges and wealthy families possess libraries?
The books were hand-copied, mainly in Arabic or Persian.
The Korean Choson dynasty had a formal tributary relationship with China. Governing decisions for Korea were made
independently of China.
The extension of frontier defensive fortifications known as the Great Wall was in response to
a military humiliation at the hands of the Mongols.
How did Murad I ensure his army was not concerned with Ottoman politics or factional feuding, but was loyal to the ruler?
by drafting healthy Christian boys from the Balkans
Why did women in fifteenth-century Europe enjoy somewhat greater freedom to earn money?
severe labor shortages
How was the Renaissance, with its ambitious artistic and literary projects, financed?
patronage from the wealthy elite