Short Story Glossary of Terms

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Terms in this set (...)

Indirect Characterization
what a character says, does, or thinks; what other characters say about the character
Connotation
the emotional meaning associated with a word
Denotation
the "dictionary" meaning of the word; the literal meaning
Diction
accurate and careful choice of words to convey a specific meaning and tone
Dialogue
the actual words the characters speak
Dynamic Character
a character that changes in an important way in personality or outlook
Flashback
a section of literary work that interrupts the sequence of events to describe events from an earlier time
Foil
a character who, by contrast, shows what another character is like
Foreshadowing
the use of hints or clues to suggest what action is to come
Imagery
use of sensory words to describe an object, person, or situation
Irony
the opposite of what is expected
Dramatic Irony
when the audience knows more than the characters
Verbal Irony
words that suggest the opposite of their usual meaning
Situational Irony
when an event that occurs that directly contradicts what the reader expects
Metaphor
a figure of speech that directly compares two unlike things
Mood
the feeling a piece of literature invokes in the reader
Point of view
the perspective from which a story is told; third person omniscient
Simile
comparison between two unlike things using "like" or "as"
Static Character
a character who basically stays the same throughout a story
Symbol
an object, person, place, or action that has a meaning itself and also stands for something larger than itself
Theme
the main idea; the lesson learned; the basic meaning of a literary work
Tone
the author's attitude toward the material
Syntax
the ordering of words in a sentence