16 terms

AP World History Strayer Chapter 6 Vocabulary

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Meroe
Definition: City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization.

Significance: Governed by a female monarch. Gained its wealth through long-distance trade. Declined after Islam invaded.
Axum
Definition: Northern Ethiopian city that relied on highly productive agriculture with plow-based farming.

Significance: A part at Adulis and used taxes to gain revenue from other empires. They didn't rely on hoe and digging stick.
Piye
Definition: 8th century BCE, Africa. Paid respect to gods for great victory.

Significance: Reunified Egypt and conquered ruler and began to govern/lead war.
Niger Valley Civilization
Definition: City-based civilization in Niger valley. Noted for its lack of centralized state structure.

Significance: Led to the uprising of jenne jeno
Maya Civilization
Definition: Mesoamerican civilization known for the only fully developed written language of the Pre-columbian Americas.

Significance: Resembled the competing city-states of Mesopotamia and written language.
Teotihuacan
Definition: Largest city of Pre-Columbian America that governed and/or influenced much of the surrounding region ("City of the gods").

Significance: Had long-distance trade which enabled them to live a more luxurious life.
Chavin
Definition: Andean town that was the center of a large Peruvian religious movement.

Significance: Religious movement within class system of elites. Decline due to famine and drought.
Moche
Definition: Important regional civilization of Peru, governed by warrior-priests.

Significance: Elites lived luxuriously, prisoners and poor were sacrificed in rituals.
Wari and Tiwanaku
Definition: Civilizations in Andes Mountains before Inca Empire.

Significance: Almost opposites, the Wari used irrigation for agriculture and Tiwanaku farmed. The Wari depended on the Tiwanaku.
Bantu Expansion
Definition: Gradual migration of Bantu peoples from their homeland.

Significance: Their ironworking and agricultural techniques gave them an advantage over gathering and hunting peoples.
Chaco Phenomenon
Definition: Name given to a major process settlement and social organization among the peoples of Chaco Canyon.

Significance: Drought caused people to start depending on agriculture which made a large population develop.
Mound Builders/Cahokia
Definition: Members of a number of cultures that developed along the Mississippi that built large mounds that they buried people with their stuff under.

Significance: Buried people with all their things in hopes to make it to the afterlife (only for wealthy people).
Pohnpei
Pohnpei "upon (pohn) a stone altar (pei)" (formerly known as Ponape) is the name of an island of the Senyavin Islands which are part of the larger Caroline Islands group. It belongs to Pohnpei State, one of the four states in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Palikir, the FSM's capital, is located on Pohnpei Island. Pohnpei Island is the largest, highest, most populous, and most developed single island in the FSM. The islanders of Pohnpei have a reputation as being the most welcoming of outsiders among residents of the island group
Tonga
By the 14th century powerful rulers stood at the head of a royal court including any wives and concubines, various relatives, ceremonial attendance, prisoners of war, and specialize craftsman such as carvers, navigators, and fisherman. The court collected and redistributed food and various gifts to lesser cheese, who then did the same for their followers

1862, Chief Taufa'ahau imposed strict laws forbid work, play, or conduct business of any kind on a Sunday
Mana and tapu
Mana was a spiritual energy or power, associated especially with cheese and demonstrated by remarkable actions or great success. To maintain the purity of manner, ritual restrictions were precipitations were known and served to make someone or something sacred or elevated far above the ordinary
Used to regulate and shape rules in Maori society
Yap
And island that involved trade in turtles, coconut, and bread fruit; and promises of refuge in the shelter in times of famine
Oceania, c.15th century
•Island in the Pacific that was the centerpiece of a far-flung
trading network in Pacific
•Demonstrates that regional trade networks continued during this period
•Use of stone disk as currency helped to unify the region economically
•This region relatively unchanged during this era, because Afro-Eurasian cultures had not reached them yet

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