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46 terms

History Test 1

Use these questions to study for your History Test, Tuesday, September 10.
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Timberline
The point beyond which trees cannot grow because of extreme cold, type of soil, and other factors
Northern Lights
Another name for the Aurora Borealis
No One
Lives at the North Pole
Glaciers
Large masses of ice that flow slowly over land and break off into water to form huge icebergs
Iceberg
A piece of glacier that has moved down a mountain or across a polar region and broken off into the sea
Plankton
Tiny plants and animals that thrive in Arctic waters
Narwhals
Small whales whose males have a single spiral tusk
Puffins
Strange-looking birds who spend their time swimming and diving for fish in the Arctic's icy waters
Blubber
Arctic animals have this thick layer of fat to keep them warm
North America
The third largest continent
Greenland
The world's largest island
Mt. McKinley
The highest peak in North America
Hudson Bay
The world's largest bay
Gulf of Mexico
The world's largest gulf
Arctic Ocean
The smallest, coldest ocean
Tundra
The area between the North Pole and the timberline
Boreal Forest
The vast evergreen forest region covering much of Canada and parts of Alaska
Permafrost
Ground that is permanently frozen
Strait
The narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water
Jim Thorpe
A native American that was one of America's greatest athletes
Sir Wilfred Grenfell
The famous English missionary to the Canadian Inuits and their neighbors
Will Rogers
America's Greatest Storyteller
History
The record of what has happened to mankind
Geography
The study of the earth
Habitat
The setting in which certain types of plants and animals thrive
Culture
the "way of life" of a group of people
Conifers
cone bearing trees
Evergreen
Trees that do not lose their leaves
Deciduous
Trees that are the oldest and largest trees in the world
Bering Strait
The narrow body of water that separates Russia from Alaska
Migration
The movement of a group of people or animals from one part of the world to the next
Inca Indian Tribe
The famous Indian tribe in South America
Maya Indian Tribe
The famous Indian tribe in Central America
Aztec Indian Tribe
The famous Indian tribe in Mexico
Why is the tundra called the "Land of the Midnight Sun"?
There are days during the summer when the sun never sets.
Greenland and Arctic Canada
The regions the Inuit people live in
Harpoon
Weapons the Arctic people used for hunting
Eskimos
The people of northern Alaska
Inuits
The people of Greenland and Arctic Canada
Golden Eagle
"The King of Birds"
Kayak
One-man boat constructed of sealskin stretched over a frame
Taiga
Northern woods south of the tundra
Pemmican
A mixture of dried meat pounded together with fat and berries
Erik the Red
A Viking from Norway who founded the first European settlement in Greenland
Caribou
The North American reindeer
Igloo
The snow house usually built for temporary shelter while traveling