World Studies Chapter 5
World Studies 4th ed. BJU Press
Terms in this set (43)
Leader of a Frankish kingdom in 1
mayor of the palace
the leading palace official
ruler of the Frankish kingdom. Charles the Great
estate on which most people lived
"papa" bishop of Rome who claims supremacy over all other Christians
the power the Pope has, supreme over church and state
Pope at the beginning of the 13th century, took the title "vicar of Christ" claimed to have supreme authority over all.
Medieval Warm Period
11th century warming of the climate in Europe
legal document listing the privileges of the townspeople
William the Conqueror
1066 conquered England and laid the foundations for a strong monarchy
William the Conqueror's great-grandson. He strengthened English royal authority by expanding the use of royal courts.
royal court with judges who heard cases in a particular province (circuit) of England.
The count of Paris. He founded a new royal line in France
Developed a strong monarchy in France. Phillip seized much of English-controlled land in France during the reign of King John of England.
also known as bailiffs. These men collected taxes for the king and ensured justice in carrying out laws.
group of local citizens who would make up a list of accusations of the crimes committed and the people suspected of committing the crimes
record of the comes committed and the people suspected of committing the crimes.
Henry II developed uniform laws for all of England that overruled local laws
"Great Charter" declared the principle that the king's power over all citizens was limited.
group of advisors to the king
"power of the purse"
The ability of Parliament to grant or withhold its approval of new taxes. This limited the king's power
the Power of Rome to deny access to most of the sacraments of the church
Christians traveling to the Holy Land to liberate the Holy Land from the Seljuk Turks.
composed of those who lived in towns and included the merchants, bankers, craftsmen, and other skilled laborers
comes from the Italian word banca meaning "bench". A place for exchanging money and issuing letters of credit
letter of credit
merchant left an amount of money with the banker, who gave him a letter that credited the merchant for that amount. The merchant could then travel without having to carry a large sum of money.
the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula
French word meaning "horsemen". Knights were expected to be brave in battle and limit their fighting to to other armed knights
Peace of God
church decree placed church property out of bounds for fighting.
Truce of God
restricted fighting to certain days of the week
studies reserved for "free" men (nobility) rather than "common" men. All subjects were taught in Latin
large and impressive churches
Middle Ages architectural style called this because it used many elements of Roman style
new style of construction developed during the 13th century. It used external supports known as flying buttresses.
external supports in Gothic style that allowed cathedrals to have higher ceilings and thinner walls
common spoken language
Italian writer from the Middle Ages. He wrote the Divine Comedy, a poem about an imaginary journey through hell, purgatory, and paradise
English poet who wrote The Canterbury Tales, about a group of pilgrims traveling to visit the tomb of a famous religious leader in England.
Great Famine of 1315
first calamity to strike large area of Europe during this period. Began with the heavy and frequent rain over much of Europe starting in 1315
Hundred Years' War
a series of battles between England and France from 1337 and 1453. These battles were fought to settle the issue of English control of land in France
English king, related to the French royal line through his mother and claimed the right to the French throne
Joan of Arc
French peasant girl who lead them to victory. she believed that she was being directed from heaven to drive out the English. The English captured her and burned her at the stake.
similar to bubonic plague killed millions of people throughout the world.