World Studies Chapter 7

World Studies 4th ed. BJU Press
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Terms in this set (...)

Pueblos
Indians of the SW region of North America
Mound Builders
Indians who built earthen mounds
effigy mounds
Ceremonial mounds built in the shape of animals or objects by native North American people.
Iroquois confederacy
a powerful group of Native Americans in Northern New York made up of five nations: the Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondoga, and Oneida
5 civilized tribes
lived in the southeast and maintained peaceful relationships with neighboring tribes and adopted many colonial customs.
Mayas
lived in Central America, calender
Aztecs
ancient civilization that was located in present-day Mexico, created first judicial system.
Tenochtitlan
capital of Aztec Empire
Quetzalcoatl
Aztec god, who they believed once lived on earth
Incas
early civilization and built on earlier cultures, located in the Andes in Peru (South America)
Cuzco
capital of Inca
Prester John
A mythical Christian king in Africa
caravel
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship
trade winds
consistent winds that blow from east to west
compass
used a magnetic mineral, and a neddle spinningon a pin over a base
astrolabe
an invention that helped sailors measure the height of the sun and the stars above Earth. This helped them find their location north or south of the equator.
dead reckoning
Estimating your present position relative to your last determined location by using direction, speed, distance and time information.
Prince Henry
Sent others to explore for him, made very first explorer school, first person to value exploring
Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic
Cape of Good Hope
The southern tip of Africa
Vasco Da Gama
Portuguese explorer. He led the first expedition from Europe to India, opening an important commercial sea route, landed in India
Francis Xavier
A Jesuit that led the first mission to Japan
Christopher Columbus
Navigator who discovered the New World while looking for a route to China
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
King and Queen of Spain that helped pay for Columbus's expedition
Ferdinand Magellan
sailed W from Spain and tried to sail around the world, named the Pacific ocean
Sir Francis Drake
English explorer sent from England to sail around the world
conquistadors
Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru and brutally destroyed Indians
Hernando Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Montezuma
Aztec ruler
Francisco Pizarro
A Spanish conquistador, killed the Inca emperor, and made himself ruler
Atahualpa
Inca emperor, executed by the Spanish
Battle of Lepanto
a naval battle fought between the Spanish and the Ottomans
Bartolome de Las Casas
Friar who supported peaceful conversion of Native American population of Spanish colonies, opposed forced labor and advocated Indian rights
the Venetians
first to use cannons on ships