15 terms

World History Semester 1 Final (2017)

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Aristotle
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a famous school, studied with Plato
Hammurabi
King of the Babylonian empire; creator of the Code of Hammurabi, one of the world's oldest codes of law.
John Locke
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
Voltaire
French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
Justinian's Code
A law code created by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian about 530 CE. It was a revision of the old Roman law system.
Philosophy
A system of beliefs and values
Enlightenment
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.
steam engine
development of stationary steam power early in the industrial revolution enabled society to advance more quickly. Steam meant that factories could be built anywhere, not just along fast-flowing rivers. The development of steam powered locomotives allowed people and goods to be transported over long distances faster. Passenger steamship further increased transportation to society.
telegraph
People no longer had to go on long, dangerous trips to send important messages to people all over the country. Communication was much faster, efficient, easier, and more reliable.
Medical advancements
As cities grew in the industrial revolution, so did the demand for health care and medicine. There were many advancements in medical care: anesthetics, X-ray, blood transfusion, and vaccines.
building materials (steel)
New factories and office buildings were growing in size. Newer buildings in cities began to reach towards the sky and it was obvious that the old brick and wood buildings could not handle the load. New materials such as concrete, steel and glass were used to build the new urban centers.
Imperialism
—the domination by one country or people over another group of people-aggressive
expansion policies were motivated by economic needs that were created by the Industrial Revolution. Economic growth increased the need to seek new avenues of expansion.
Declaration of Independance
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
"The White Man's Burden"
Kipling's Hymn to U.S. Imperialism. In February 1899, British novelist and poet Rudyard Kipling wrote a poem entitled "The White Man's Burden: The United States and The Philippine Islands." In this poem, Kipling urged the U.S. to take up the "burden" of empire, as had Britain and other European ...
Estates in pre-revolutionary France
Before the French Revolution, society was divided into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was considered part of no estate.

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