Women Studies-Chapter One Part Two
Chapter One vocab
Terms in this set (27)
Paradigm is for understanding...
self and society
2 core principles underlying any concept of feminism
1)feminism concerns equality and justice for all women, and it seeks to eliminate systems of inequality and injustice in all aspects of women's lives
2)feminism is inclusive and affirming of women; celebrates women's achievements and struggles and works to provide a positive and affirming stance towards women and womanhood
a sustained, collective campaign that arises as people with shared interests come together in support of a common goal
movement for social, political, and economic equality of women across national boundaries; recognizes opportunities associated with the development of international alliances and networks for the emancipation for women worldwide; "universal sisterhood"
ignores difference between women and claims solidarity based on shared conditions, experiences or concerns; results in "First World" women making decisions for "Third World" women
believe in the viability of the present system and works within this context for change in such public areas as education and employment; attempts to remove obstacles to women's full participation in public life; includes education, federal and state policies, and legal statistics; certain amendments will allow change; legal redress
recognize the oppression of women as a fundamental political oppression where in women are categorized as inferior based upon their gender; not enough to remove barriers to equality but rather, deeper, more transformational changes need to be made in social institutions; if sexist Methodism doesn't change, the right to vote doesn't matter; need to be changed and redone
Radical feminists believe that __________ shapes how women and men think about the world
offshoots of Radical Feminism; focuses on how compulsory heterosexuality and heterosexual privilege function to maintain power in society
used to keep women from joining because they believed feminism=lesbianism
focuses on the association of women with nature and the environment and the simultaneous relationships among patriarchy, global economic expansion, and environmental degradation
uses economic explanations from the traditional Marxist theory to understand women's oppression; socioeconomic inequities of the class system are the major issue
radical+Marxist feminism; insights of class analysis alongside radical feminist explanations of gender oppression; seeks understanding of the workings of capitalist patriarchal institutions of society
most essential of all influences in asserting that gender is constructed by a range of interlocking inequalities that work simultaneously to shape women's experience; brings together understanding drawn from the lived experiences of diverse women and influence in feminist writings today; fight racism and imperialism
pays attention to how language constructs reality; emphasizes that humans actively construct or shape their lives in the context of various social systems often in the face of serious constraints
Third wave feminism
1990s; reflects the thinking, writing, and activism of women and men who tended to come of age taking for granted the gains of 2nd wave feminism, as well as the resistance and/or backlash of it; shaped by material conditions created by globalization and technoculture; focuses on sexuality and identity
Contemporary third wave
fuels feminist activism, especially through musical and art forms, various "rages" and "zines" and the use of electronic info and entertainment and virtual technologies generally
"rages" and "zines"
conscious-raising magazines produced locally and usually shared electonically
Feminism encompasses_______. We don't all agree on what equality looks like or how to get there
What are considered important feminist issues in the US ___________ necessarily important concerns of women in other parts of the world
focuses on US militarism, a history of colonialism, and international "development", power of US based corporations, consumerism, and pop culture
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
adopted by UN in 1979; ratified by 186 countries; prohibits ALL forms of discrimination against women by legally binding the countries that ratify it to incorporate equality of men and women in their legal systems; includes abolishing discriminatory laws and adopting new ones, establishing tribunals to ensure the protection of women and eliminating acts of discrimination against women by persons, organizations, or enterprises
belief that feminism would redistribute power and they work hard to discredit and destroy it; includes women who claim to be feminists but are resistant to the two core principles
recognizes feminism as an important perspective but believe its time has passed and it is obsolete
How are beliefs of "equality" also fueled by capitalist society?
confuse liberation with the freedom to purchase products or choose among a relatively narrow range of choices
Top 5 feminist myths
1)whiny, angry white women who have an axe to grind, no sense of humor, and exaggerate discrimination against women
2)hate men or want to be like men and selfishly want to create new systems of power over men
3) are lesbians and want romantic relationships with other women (lesbian baiting)
4) want to reject motherhood, consider children as a burden, and reject all things that are feminine
5) white, middle-class movement that draws energy away from attempts to correct social and economic problems and discourage coalition building
What do feminists want?
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