Terms in this set (9)
Since event B followed event A, event B must have been caused by event A."
The arguer claims that a sort of chain reaction, usually ending in some dire consequence, will take place, but there's really not enough evidence for that assumption.
Many arguments rely on an analogy between two or more objects, ideas or situations. If the two things that are being compared aren't really alike in the relevant respects, the analogy is a weak one, and the argument that relies on it commits the fallacy of weak analogy.
Appeal to Authority (Ethos)
Often we add strength to our arguments by referring to respected sources or authorities and explaining their positions on the issues we're discussing. A simple way of explaining this, appealing to authority is the addition of strength to an argument by referring to respected sources.
One way of making arguments stronger is to anticipate and respond in advance to the arguments that an opponent might make. In the straw man fallacy, the arguer sets up a weak version of the opponent's position and tries to score points by knocking it down.
Partway through an argument, the arguer goes off on a tangent, raising a side issue that distracts the audience from what is really at stake. Often, the arguer never returns to the original issue.
In an ad hominem argument, the arguer attacks his or her opponent instead of the opponent's argument. When an argument starts getting personal and attacks are made against a person, rather than to supports the argument.
Creates the impression that everyone is doing it and so should you.
The reasoner begins with what they are trying to end with
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