Virginio Dance Tech 1 midterm
Terms in this set (70)
Henry II of France
What king did Catherine de Medici marry in 1533?
True or False: Ballet was first used to soothe violence with Italian Renaissance thought and patronage of the arts.
Academie de Poesie et de Musique
What school was funded by Charles IX?
Which group at the academy wanted to meld dance, music, and language to bring divine harmony and order to the natural universe and power of God?
True or False: Dance was thought to redirect man's troublesome passions and desires to transcendent love of God.
the great ballet master
In 1636, the Abbé Mersenne referred to God, the "author of the universe", as ...
Silence and no one was to be seated after the performance started
What was one of the first theater etiquettes that the Catholics admired?
Ballet comique de la Reine
What was the first recorded ballet in 1581 that started to use circles, squares and triangles as formations? It also laid the groundwork for ballet technique as we know it.
They were more interested in becoming more powerful than God
Up until Louis XIII, ballet was about being closer to God and the angels. Why did it change under his reign?
In 1641, the playwright Richelieu built the first "theater" in his palace. What is that theater called today?
True or False: It was King Louis XIII that is known for having the most veneration and passion for ballet.
elevated several inches from the floor
machinery to hoist clouds and chariots into the "sky" were fixed in place.
What 6 things were Italian set designers and engineers doing to and building for the stage that helped create illusion?
How old was King Louis XIV when he made his debut on stage?
Sun, Apollo, War, and Europe
What are the four most famous roles King Louis XIV played?
True or False: King Louis XIV made ballet a requirement for being in his court, keeping it for the royal and aristocratic identity.
Ballet de Fleur
What was the last ballet King Louis XIV performed?
What was drawing attention away from the Paris Opera during the early 1770s?
What was the nickname of Medleine Guimard who did not have the physical or artistic substance as Sallé?
Who was the "god of the dance"?
Which French king was the the first to neglect the symbolism of the royal institution of ballet?
Who did the public look to for approval of their reactions to the ballet?
The boxes were slanted (better sightlines)
What changes were made to the opera house when it was rebuilt after the fire of 1781?
Why did the artists of the Opera form a "congress"? What were some of the outcomes of this strike?
They agreed the opera should be rescued from the greedy directors
What was the reaction to "While You Sleep, Brutus, Rome Is In Shackles"?
1784 . 40 years
When did Pierre Gardel take over as ballet master? For how long did her hold this post?
a darting assemble; travels side to side
in the air
a term applied to bright, fast or brisk steps and movement
an assemblé(two legs joining together in the air) that goes forward
assemblé en avant
position where the dancer is standing on one leg with the other lifted, usually to the front/ back at 145 degree angle
a body position in which a dancer stands on one leg with the other leg turned out and extended behind the body
4 different arabesques
has different variations, but always has two legs joining together in the air
a rocking step, shifting your weight from one foot to another
backward, a step where you move away from the audience
an assemble with the front leg
"large battement"; throwing the working leg into the air from the hip, bringing it back into position
"battement developed." moves working foot up to a retiré position and opens to the front, side or back with a deliberate motion
any step with a beat
"caper." jumps in the air off one leg as the other is thrown upwards, as the bottom leg raises to meet and beat with the top leg, the top leg continues to go higher as the bottom leg returns to the floor
arched." When a dancer is doing cambré, their body is bent from the waist and stretching backward or sideways with the head following the movement of the upper body and arms
Italian inventor of the method
"chains" or "links" a turn with the feet linked
"changed." added on to names of other steps to describe a dancer's feet changing places
a jump from fifth position with the feet, jumping and changing the foot position in the air so they land with the opposite foot in front
changement de pieds
"to chase" they have one foot extended forward, the back foot then "chases" and meets up with the front
"chase, turning." a single turn in the air as the feet and legs come together, then lands on the back leg with the front leg extended front.
chassé en tournant
steps of the scissors
like a bell. refers to grand battement executed continously devant and derriere through the first position
wrapped around the ankle the working foot is placed on the other leg between the base of the calf muscle and the top of the ankle
sur le cou-de-pied
"cut" or "cutting." describes a step where one foot cuts the other foot away, taking its place
in the shape of the cross
"disengage." A dégagé is when a dancer moves their leg off the floor from a position with a pointed foot and straight leg to the front, side or back
On the half-points. Indicates that the dancer is to stand high on the balls of the feet and under part of the toes
sur les demí-pointes
behind (just what leg you're using )
"under." describes that a leg or arm should pass behind the other
developpe to developpe
"separated, thrown apart."
"slipping movement" or "escaping."
an escaped jump to a beat
quick darting movement
"interweaving" or "braiding." describes when a dancer jumps into the air and beats their legs by changing the position of their legs and feet to the front or back of each other.
to beat the legs four times
"shouldering" and describes the placement of a dancer's shoulders in relation to the lower half of the body