English I Honors 1st Semester Final

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Exposistion
introduces the setting, characters, and the basic situation
Conflict
the struggle between opposing forces, usually begun by an inciting incident
Rising Action
the development; all the events leading up to the climax
Climax ( Technical )
the turning point
Climax ( Dramatic )
the high point of interest or suspense
Falling Action
all the events after the climax which lead to the end of conflict
Resolution
the end of the central conflict; the way the situation turns out; tying up the loose ends
Foreshadowing
hints about events that have yet to occur in a literary work; helps to create suspense
Epiphany
a moment of sudden realization when a character is aware of something he/she never knew
Plot
the series of related events in a literary work; the pattern of action
Metaphor
a direct comparison between unlike objects without using "like" or "as"
Simile
an implied comparison between unlike objects using the words "like" or "as"
Personification
giving non-human objects human characteristics
Irony
the difference between the expected outcome and what really happens, or the difference between appearances and reality
Setting
the time and place in which the story take place
Dilemma
a conflict in which you have to choose between one or more actions and have moral reasons for choosing each action
External Conflict
struggle between a literary character and an outside force
Internal Conflict
psychological struggle within the mind of a literary character
Inference
a literary device used in literature and daily life, where logical deductions are made based on premises assumed to be true
Theme
a central message or insight into life revealed through a literary work; a generalization about human beings or about life which the literary work communicates
Direct Characterization
when the author specifically reveals traits about the character in a direct, straightforward manner
Indirect Characterization
the process by which the writer shows the character's personality through speech, actions and appearance
First-Person Narration
is a point of view where the story is narrated by one character at a time.
Third-Person Narration
the narrator is a voice outside the story who refers to all the characters as "he", "she", or "they".
Limited Third-Person Narration
the reader sees events through the eyes of one character and knows only what that character knows
Omniscient Narration
the narrator is all-knowing and all seeing; the narrator can tell the reader what all the characters know, think, and feel, in addition to things the characters in the story do not know
Symbol
an object, person, idea, or action that represents something other than itself; authors use symbols to make a point, create a mood, or reinforce a theme
Monologue
a long, almost uninterrupted speech spoken in the presence of other characters
Aside
a short remark usually directed to the audience and not intended to be heard by the other characters on stage; sometimes, however, it is directed towards another character
Soliloguy
lines spoken by a character who is alone on stage- lets the audience know what he is thinking
Pun
a play on words
Foil
a character who contrasts with another character —usually the protagonist— to highlight particular qualities of the other character
blank verse
a literary device defined as unrhyming verse written in iambic pentameter.
What are the kinds of conflict in a tragedy?
In a tragedy there is a conflict between:
1.) two individuals
2.) an individual and outside circumstances
3.) within the individual himself/herself
What are the elements of a true tragedy?
1.) It must have an extraordinary hero and/ or heroine.
2.) The hero must be destroyed because of adverse fate, character flaws, or both
3.) The hero'e death must serve some purpose
What are the five parts of a Shakespearean play?
1.) Exposition
2.) Rising Action
3.) Crisis
4.) Falling Action
5.) Resolution
When was Romeo and Juliet written?
1594-1596
What were some theaters in Shakespeare's time?
The Globe, The Theater, and The Swan
What was theater like in Shakespeare's time?
Performed in public theaters without artificial light. There were three levels of galleries with benches where wealthier playgoers sat. Poorer people (groundlings) stood and watched the play from the courtyard (the pit)