Chapter 16: The South and the Slavery Controversy

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as a result of the introduction to the cotton gin:

a-fewer slaves were needed on plantations
b-short-staple cotton lost popularity
c-slavery was reinvigorated
d-Thomas Jefferson predicted the gradual death of slavery
e-the African trade was legalized
c-slavery was reinvigorated
members of the planter aristocracy

a-produced fewer front-rank statesmen than the North
b-dominated society and politics in the South
c-provided democratic rule in the South
d-provided democratic tax-supported public education
e-kept up with developments in modern thought
b-dominated society in politics in the South
all the following were true of the American economy under Cotton Kingdom except

a-cotton accounted for half the value of all American exports after 1840
b-the South produced more than half the entire world's supply of cotton
c-75 percent of the British supply of cotton came from the South
d-quick profits from cotton drew planters to its economic enterprise
e-the South reaped all the profits from the cotton trade
e-the South reaped all the profits from the cotton trade
plantation agriculture was wasteful largely because

a-it relied mainly on artificial means to fertilize the soil
b-it required leaving cropland fallow every other year
c-excessive water was used for irrigation
d-it was too diversified, thus taking essential nutrients from the soil
e-its excessive cultivation of cotton despoiled good land
e-its excessive cultivation of cotton despoiled good land
plantation agriculture

a-led to a slow return on investments
b-remained diverse until the Civil War
c-was economically unstable and wasteful
d-discouraged immigration to the West
e-encouraged southern democracy
c-was economically unstable and wasteful
the plantation system of the Cotton South was

a-increasingly monopolistic
b-efficient in utilizing natural resources
c-financially stable
d-attractive to European immigrants
e-unable to expand westward
a-increasingly monopolistic
all of the following were weaknesses of the slave plantation system except that

a-it relied on a one-crop economy
b-it repelled a large-sale European immigration
c-it stimulated racism among poor whites
d-it created an aristocratic political elite
e-its land continued to remain in the hands of the small farmers
e-its land continued to remain in the hands of the small farmers
European immigration to the South was discouraged by

a-competition with slave labor
b-southern anti-Catholicism
c-Irish antislavery groups
d-immigration barriers enacted by southern states
e-their inability to tolerate the hot climate
a-competition with slave labor
most white southerners were

a-planter aristocrats
b-small slave owners
c-merchants and artisans
d-"poor white trash"
e-subsistence farmers
e-subsistence farmers
in society's basement in the South of 1860 were nearly ___ million black human chattels

a-1
b-2
c-4
d-8
e-10
c-4
most slaves in the South were owned by

a-industrialists
b-mountain whites
c-plantation owners
d-small farmers
e-subsistence farmers
c-plantation owners
the most pro-Union of the white Southerners were

a-plantation owners
b-mountain whites
c-small slave owners
d-non slave owners subsistence farmers
e-people with northern economic interests
b-mountain whites
some southern slaves gained their freedom as a result of

a-prohibition of the Atlantic slave trade after 107
b-purchase by northern abolitionists
c-fleeing to mountain hideaways
d-purchasing their way out of slavery
e-the objection to slaveholding by some white women
d-purchasing their way out of slavery
the great increase of the slave population on the first half of the nineteenth century was largely due to

a-the reopening of the African slave trade in 1808
b-larger imports of slaves from the West Indies
c-natural reproduction
d-reenslavement of free blacks
e-the deliberate breeding of slaves by plantation owners
c-natural reproduction
for free blacks living in the North

a-living conditions were nearly equal to those for whites
b-voting rights were widespread
c-goods jobs were plentiful
d-education opened the door to economic opportunity
e-discrimination was common
e-discrimination was common
the profitable southern slave system

a-hobbled the economic development of the region as a whole
b-saw many slaves moving to the upper South
c-led to the textile industry's development in the South first
d-relied almost totally on importing slaves to meet the unquenchable demand for labor
e-enabled the South to afford economic and educational progress
a-hobbled the economic development of the region as a whole
regarding work assignments, slaves were

a-given some of the most dangerous jobs
b-generally spared dangerous work
c-given the same jobs as Irish laborers
d-usually given skilled rather than menial jobs
e-generally supervised in small groups
b-generally spared dangerous work
slavery's greatest psychological horror, and the theme of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, was

a-the enforced separation of slave families
b-slave owners' frequent use of the whip
c-the breeding of slaves
d-having to do the most dangerous work on the plantation
e-forcible sexual assault by slave owners
a-the enforced separation of slave families
by 1860, slaves were concentrated in the "black belt" located in the

a-border states of Kentucky, Missouri, and Maryland
b-Deep South states of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana
c-old South states of Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina
d-new Southwest states of Texas, Arkansas, and Indian Territory
e-mountain ranges of Tennessee, West Virginia, and Kentucky
b-Deep South states of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana
all of the following were characteristic of salves in the mid-nineteenth century US except

a-slaves had no civil or political rights
b-slaves usually toiled from dusk to dawn in the fields
c-slaves had minimal protection from murder to unusually cruel punishment
d-slaves were forbidden to testify in court and their marriages were not legal
e-floggings were uncommon and rare
e-floggings were uncommon and rare
by 1860, life for salves was most difficult in

a-Atlantic states of North and South Carolina
b-Deep South states of Georgia and Florida
c-territories of Kansas, Nebraska, and New Mexico
d-upper South state of Virginia and Maryland
e-newer states of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana
e-newer states of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana
forced separation of spouses, parents, and children was most common

a-in the Deep South
b-on large plantations
c-on small plantations and in the upper South
d-in the decade before the Civil War
e-as a punishment for running away
c-on small plantations and in the upper South
most slaves were raised

a-without the benefit of a stable home life
b-in stable two-parent households
c-never knowing anything about their relatives
d-not to display their African cultural roots
e-without religion
b-in stable two-parent households
slaves fought the system of slavery in all of the following except by

a-slowing down the work pace
b-conducting periodic successful save rebellions
c-sabotaging expensive equipment
d-pilfering goods that their labor had produced
e-running away from their masters
b-conducting periodic successful save rebellions
as a result of white southerners' brutal treatment of their salves and their fear of potential slave rebellions, the South

a-formed alliances with white imperialists in Africa
b-adopted British attitudes toward the "peculiar institution"
c-emancipated many slaves
d-shed its image as a reactionary backwater
e-developed a theory of biological racial superiority
e-developed a theory of biological racial superiority
in the pre-Civil War South, the most uncommon and least successful form of slave resistance was

a-feigned laziness
b-sabotage of plantation equipment
c-running away
d-armed insurrection
e-stealing food and other goods
d-armed insurrection
arrange the following in chronological order: the founding of the (A) American Colonization Society, (B) American Anti-Slavery, and (C) Liberty Party

a-A,B,C
b-C,A,B
c-B,C,A
d-A,C,B
e-C,B,A
a-A,B,C
William Lloyd Garrison pledged his dedication to

a-shipping freed black slaves back to Africa
b-outlawing the salve trade
c-preventing the expansion of slavery beyond the South
d-forming an antislavery political party
e-the immediate abolition of slavery in the South
e-the immediate abolition of slavery in the South
many abolitionists turned to political action in 1840, when they backed the presidential candidate of

a-Free Soil Party
b-Republican Party
c-Know Nothing Party
d-Liberty Party
e-Anti-Masonic Party
d-Liberty Party
SELECT ALL OF THE CORRECT ANSWERS
Even those who did not own slaves in the pre-Civil War south supported that institution because they

a-dreamed of one day owning slaves themselves
b-presumed themselves racially superior to black slaves
c-were always economically better off than slaves
d-were closely related to people who did not own slaves
e-benefited from the economic growth of the region
a-dreamed of one day owning slaves themselves
b-presumed themselves racially superior to black slaves
SELECT ALL OF THE CORRECT ANSWERS
Before the Civil War, free blacks

a-were far more numerous in the North than in the South
b-were often the mulatto offspring of the white fathers and black mothers
c-were often forbidden basic civil rights
d-found their greatest friends and sympathizers in poor Irish immigrants
e-were disliked in the North as well as the South
b-were often the mulatto offspring of the white fathers and black mothers
c-were often forbidden basic civil rights
e-were disliked in the North as well as the South
SELECT ALL OF THE CORRECT ANSWERS
after 1830, the abolitionist movement took a new, more energetic tone, encouraged by the

a-success of the British abolitionists in having slavery abolished in the British West Indies
b-religious spirit of the Second Great Awakening
c-success of the American Colonization Society
d-success of several southern slave insurrections
e-widespread support for anti slavery action in the North
a-success of the British abolitionists in having slavery abolished in the British West Indies
b-religious spirit of the Second Great Awakening
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