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195 terms

Abbreviations/Symbols

Commonly used abbreviations and symbols for nursing
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ABC
automated blood count
ABGs
arterial blood gases
ac
before meals
acbs
before breakfast and supper
ADA
American Diabetes Association
ADLs
activities of daily living
AKA
above the knee amputation
AMA
against medical advice
Amb.
ambulate
ASHD
arterio or atherosclerotic heart disease
AV
arteriovenous
BCPs
birth control pills
BE or Ba E
barium enema
BKA
below the knee amputation
BMP
basal metabolic panel
BMR
basal metabolic rate
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy
BR
bedrest, bathroom
BRP
bathroom privileges
BS
bowel sounds, blood sugar, breath sounds
BSC
bedside commode
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
Bx
biopsy
Ca
cancer, carcinoma
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAT or CT
computerized axial tomography (scan)
CBC
complete blood count
CBD
common bile duct
CBI
continuous bladder irrigation
CBR
complete bedrest
CHF
congestive heart failure
CHI
closed head injury
CL
clear liquids, cervical laminectomy
CNS
central nervous system
c/o
complaining of
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
C & S
culture and sensitivity
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CVA
cerebrovascular accident, costovertebral angle
Cysto
cystogram or cystoscopy
CXR
chest x-ray
D & C
dilation and curettage
D & I
dry and intact
DJD
degenerative joint disease
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
DM
diabetes mellitus
DNR
do not resuscitate
DOA
dead on arrival
DOB
date of birth
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DSD
dry sterile dressing
DTV
due to void
D5W
dextrose 5% in water (IV fluid)
D5NS
dextrose 5% in normal saline
D51/2 NS
dextrose 5% in half strength normal saline
Dx or Diag.
diagnosis
EBL
estimated blood loss
EEG
electroencephalogram
EENT
eyes, ears, nose, throat
EKG (ECG)
electrocardiogram
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESRD
end stage renal disease
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ET
endotracheal tube
ETOH
alcohol (ethanol)
Exp. lap.
exploratory laparotomy
FBS
fasting blood sugar
Fe
female
ff or FF
force fluids
FOB
foot of bed
f/u
follow up
FUO
fever of unknown/undetermined origin
FWB
full weight bearing
Fx or Frac.
fracture
GI
gastrointestinal
GSW
gunshot wound
GT
gastrostomy tube
HA
headache, hyperalimentation
HAL
hyperalimentation
Hct
hematocrit
H. flu
hemophilus influenza
Hgb
hemoglobin
H & H
hemoglobin & hematocrit
HHFM
high humidity face mask
HHTC
high humidity trach collar
HNP
herniated nucleus pulposus
H2O2
hydrogen peroxide
HOB
head of bed
HOH
hard of hearing
HS
hour of sleep or half strength
ICS
intercostal space
I & D
incision and drainage
IICP
increased intracranial pressure
INR
International Normalized Ratio
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
IS
incentive spirometry
IU or I.U.
international unit
JT
jejunostomy tube
JVD
jugular vein distention
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder
LBP
low blood pressure, low back pain
LE
lower extremities
LFTs
liver function tests
LLE
left lower extremity
LMP
last menstrual period
LOC
laxative of choice, level of consciousness
LOS
length of stay
LP
lumbar puncture
LTC
left to count (IV fluid)
L & W
living and well
MAE (EW)
moves all extremities (equally well)
MVA
motor vehicle accident
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA
methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
MS
multiple sclerosis
NAS
no added salt
NC
nasal cannula
NCB
no code blue
NHP
nursing home placement
NSR
normal sinus rhythm
N & V
nausea and vomiting
N, V, D
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
NWB
no weight bearing
OB
obstetrics, occult blood
OOB
out of bed
OT
occupational therapy
OTA
open to air
PACU
post anesthesia care unit
PAR
post anesthesia recovery
pc
after meals
PCA
patient controlled analgesia
PD
peritoneal dialysis
PEG
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
per
through, by
PFTs
pulmonary function tests
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMH
past medical history
PRN
as needed
Pt. or pt.
patient
PT
Prothrombin time or Physical therapy
PTT
Partial Thromboplastin Time
RR
recovery room
RT
respiratory, recreation, or radiation therapy
RUQ
right upper quadrant
Rx
prescription drug, medication
Sat.
saturation
SBE
subacute bacterial endocarditis
SG
specific gravity
SNF
skilled nursing facility
SP
suprapubic
S/P
status post
SSE
soap solution (suds) enema
S & S or S/S
signs and symptoms
STDs
sexually transmitted diseases
STG
short term goal, split thickness graft
Sx
symptoms
T & A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TAH (TVH)
total abdominal (vaginal) hysterectomy
TB
tuberculosis, tuberculin
TBA
to be absorbed (IV fluid)
TCDB
turn, cough, deep breathe
TE
tracheoesophageal
TEDS
brand name of antiembolism stockings
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator
TF
tube feeding
TIA
transient ischemic attack
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
TURB
transurethral resection of bladder
TURP
transurethral resection of prostate
U/A or U.A.
urinalysis, uric acid
U.E.
upper extremities
U.O
urinary output
URI
upper respiratory infection
UTI
urinary tract infection
W.A. or w.a
while awake
wb
with breakfast
wbs
with breakfast and supper
W.C. or w.c.
wheelchair
W-D or w-d
wet to dry
W/D or W and D
warm and dry
WDWN
well developed well nourished
WNL
within normal limits
W/U
work up
Wt.
weight
change
@
at
female
male
increase, up
decrease, down
О ( + in center of circle)
positive, present
О ( - in center of circle)
negative, not present
secondary to
X
times
О ( / through circle)
No , none