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Latin American Revolutions
Terms in this set (28)
Native-born Spaniards who were exclusively given government and church positions in the colonies.
Spaniards born in the New World; excluded from government and church positions in the colonies. Resented the Peninsulares. Led revolutions in Latin America.
Those of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry.
Those of mixed Spanish and African ancestry.
Former slave who led the slave revolt in Haiti.
1st Latin American country that as a result of a result of a slave rebellion, achieved independence from France. (colonial rule)
Father Miguel Hidalgo
Called for Mexicans to fight for independence.
Agustin de Iturbide
Saw the fight for Mexican independence achieved.
Venezuelan known for leading rebellions against Spanish rule in South America.
Geographic obstacle that Simon Bolivar and his men crossed to launch a surprise attack on the Spaniards in Bogota, Columbia.
Jose de San Martin
Allied with Simon Bolivar in rebellions against Spanish rule in South America.
Lack of Free Trade
A cause of Latin American revolutions because colonists could only trade with the Spanish, and had to sell their goods at reduced prices.
Napoleon's Invasion of Spain
Sparked revolutions in Latin American , Spain had no dealing with colonies so they were free to rebel
Many Creoles had been educated in Europe or traveled in Europe, and learned about these new ideals regarding government. May were the leaders of revolutions in Latin America
in post-revolutionary Latin America, a strong leader who ruled chiefly by military force, usually with the support of the landed elite
a crop that is grown for sale rather than for personal use, often for export. Makes money.
Was a Chilean independence leader who, together with José de San Martín, freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence.
Became leader of Louverture's army, successful revolt, named Haiti and declared it independent.
Caribbean island, present day Haiti and the Dominican Republic
Site of only successful slave revolt. Later became Haiti
isthmus that connects North and South America
southern continent located in western hemisphere- Most colonies of Spain that later revolted and became independent countries
Independent state created in South America as a result of military successes of Simon Bolivar; existed only until 1830, at which time Columbia, Venezuela, and Ecuador became separated nations
United Provinces of Central America
Several central American countries called itself this after independence, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, el Salvador, and Costa Rica
Economic policy that focuses on making money for the "mother country." Colonies exist to make profits, colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country; they should add to its wealth, prosperity, and self-sufficiency.
Napoleon's involvement in Haiti's independence
Tried to take back Haiti in 1804, but failed.
nation had the most influence on the colonization of Latin America in the 1500s
American and French Revolutions
directly influenced struggles for political independence in Latin America during the early 1800s
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