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Arts and Humanities
Common Language Learning Terms
Terms in this set (45)
The filter through which ELLs receive language input, which is impacted by how the student feels about himself and the situation.
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills...Social language that is necessary for basic, everyday communication. Also known as conversational language.
Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach...An approach that capitalizes on the knowledge and skills that learners already posses, while encouraging the learnes to develop new and more effective strategies for learning.
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency...A highly developed level of proficiency that allows a person to use abstract, decontextualized language completely and confidently to perform challenging academic work...also compared to textbook language.
Putting words together into meaningful phrases.
A reading comprehension or listening technique that eliminates every nth word (usually 10th) in a passage to test mastery of comprehension of written or spoken language. Students fill in the blanks.
This term refers to meaningful, context supported, language that is clearly understood by the learner. Language that is acquired through comprehended messages.
A theory of how people learn that helps people construct their own knowledge and understanding of the world through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. In an constructivist classroom, students use active techniques, such as experiments and real world problem solving, to create more knowledge and then to reflect on what they are doing and how their understanding is changing.
Linguistic term referring to language longer than a single sentence such as conversations or written genres.
ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSE...English language learning in preparation for academic study, usually focusing on advanced reading, technical writing, and comprehending college lectures.
English as a Foreign Language...English language learning that occurs in a country in which English is not the primary language.
English Language Learner...The student who is learning English as a second language.
English as a Second Language...English language learning that occurs in a country in which English is the primary language.
English for Speakers of Other Languages...The preferred term for ESL. It is the title of the only state recognized high school courses for English language learners.
In second language acquisition theory, the cessation of progress whereby certain language errors become "fossilized." It occurs when language errors become a permanent feature.
The linguistic term referring to the system of sound-letter relationships in a language.
Home Language Survey...A survey conducted only once in English and the native language to determine the language normally used in the home and the language used by the student.
L1 Interference, linguistic interference and cross meaning...Negative transfer or language interference occurs when speakers and writers transfer items and structures that are not the same in both languages and results in errors. Positive transfer students use knowledge structures of L1 that apply successfully to L2...grammatical errors do not occur.
A hypothesis that as the human brain matures, certain functions reassigned or "laterealized" to the left hemisphere of the brain and other function to th right hemisphere. Language function was thought to be controlled mainly in the left hemisphere. Proponents of this theory (Lennenberg) argued that late realization is complete around age 5 to puberty and that learning a second language earlier is ideal. There is a significant amount of conflicting evidence for this hypothesis.
The learner's first or native language.
The learner's second language.
Changed to ELL..English Language Learner...LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENT...The term formally used in education for students whose English language skills are insufficient for them to succeed in the regular classroom...based on Home Language Survey, language dominance test scores, and English achievement test scores.
The vocabulary of a language. Each discipline has it's own lexicon such as there is a particular vocabulary for math, science,...
Language Proficiency Assessment Committee...A committee required by Texas law which is responsible for making determinations of English Language Learner students' proficiency, program placement, and assessment.
Learning to learn...thinking about the learning process. Cognition about cognition. Thinking about thinking. The act of thinking about one's ow mental processes.
A pair of words which differ in only one phoneme or sound like hit/heat...lice/rice.
The smallest unit of language that has meaning such as -ly or re-.
The study of how words change and word parts.
Newly arrived student who lacks English proficiency and may have gaps in their educational background. Many schools boast newcomer programs that work to support these students academically and socially for a period of time when they first arrive.
A student whose English language skills are proficient and has met exit criteria.
Oral Language Proficiency Test...An individually-administered measure of speaking and listening proficiency in English as a Second Language. It is used to assess oral language fluency.
Occurs when a second language learner may first overgeneralize grammatical rules based on a rule they have learned that does not apply in an irregular context...
I rided...I goed.
The smallest unit of language that serves to distinguished one utterance from another. When represented in writing, a phoneme is placed between slashes.../b/.
The study of the sound system of any language.
The linguistic term for knowledge of how to use language appropriately in a range of informal and formal settings.
Real objects or pictures of them such as money, maps, menus, clothing, food,...
A variety of language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting both formal and informal.
The linguistic term for the meaning of words or groups of words used together.
The period of time that a language learner is silent. The period may last up to several months. Not all language learners have a noticeable silent period.
The linguistic term for the structure of sentences and how words can legitimately be put together in a sentence...grammar.
The language being acquired.
Texas English Language Proficiency Assessment System...An annual test administered to ELLs that measures English language acquisition. It assesses listening, speaking, reading, and writing in grades K-12. The No Child Left Behind legislation requires that all students identified as limited English proficient in those grades take statewide assessments annually in these four language domains.These assessments must be aligned to state standards and the results must be used in the federally required Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives...AMAOs...accountability system related to educational improvements for ELLs.
Teaching English as a Second Language
Total Physical Response...A teaching method that focuses on listening comprehension, utilizing direct commands and physical responses to demonstrate comprehension. This method does not require the student to speak until he feels comfortable about expressing himself after he has acquired a large receptive or listening vocabulary.
Natural languages all have the same basic underlying grammar, but the "surface features" or exact manifestations differ.
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