Film Terminology


Terms in this set (...)

A single picture on a length of film
A film sequence photographed continuously by one camera
A series of shots showing action in one location
A series of scenes
The change from one scene to another
Instantaneous transfer from one shot to the next
Two unrelated scenes cut together creating an effect
One picture fades into another picture
Gradual emergence of a shot out of darkness
Shot gradually disappears into darkness
Transition used when one frame pushes the other off the screen
Camera distance
How close or far away the camera is from the subject
Establishing shot
Shows the subject at a distance- it shows the subject in relation to its general surroundings
Medium shot
Between the close shot and the long shot- shows subject in relation to some immediate surroundings (waist-up)
Shot taken close to a subject to reveal detail
Extreme close-up
Shot taken to show extreme detail
High angle
Camera looks down on the subject
Camera is mounted on the end of a hydraulic arm or pole and can dip toward the subject from any angle
Low angle
Camera looks up on the subject
Flat-angle shot
Camera is on the same plane as the subject
Pan (panning)
Tripod remains in place, but camera rotates from left to right or right to left
Tripod remains in place but camera pivots up and down
Camera either is moving toward or away from the subject or with the subject- all in all the camera is physically moving
A special cart or any moving device or vehicle
Point of view shot
Audience sees and hears what the character/ subject sees and hears
Rack focus
When one part of frame is blurred while the other is in focus- background to foreground and vice versa
Due to the lens the camera remains in place but seems to move quickly toward or away from the subject
Telephone lens
Narrow angle of view; gives the dimensions a flat perspective
Fish eye lens
Is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image
Iris shot
Is visible on screen as a circle closing down or opening up on a shot
A lightweight mounting for a movie camera that keeps it steady for filming when handheld or moving
Slow motion
Filming subject at a higher speed then projecting at regular speed
- Audience's attention
- Mood