Film Terminology

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Frame
A single picture on a length of film
Shot
A film sequence photographed continuously by one camera
Scene
A series of shots showing action in one location
Sequence
A series of scenes
Transition
The change from one scene to another
Cut
Instantaneous transfer from one shot to the next
Juxtaposition
Two unrelated scenes cut together creating an effect
Dissolve
One picture fades into another picture
Fade-in
Gradual emergence of a shot out of darkness
Fade-out
Shot gradually disappears into darkness
Wipe
Transition used when one frame pushes the other off the screen
Camera distance
How close or far away the camera is from the subject
Establishing shot
Shows the subject at a distance- it shows the subject in relation to its general surroundings
Medium shot
Between the close shot and the long shot- shows subject in relation to some immediate surroundings (waist-up)
Close-up
Shot taken close to a subject to reveal detail
Extreme close-up
Shot taken to show extreme detail
High angle
Camera looks down on the subject
Boom
Camera is mounted on the end of a hydraulic arm or pole and can dip toward the subject from any angle
Low angle
Camera looks up on the subject
Flat-angle shot
Camera is on the same plane as the subject
Pan (panning)
Tripod remains in place, but camera rotates from left to right or right to left
Tilt
Tripod remains in place but camera pivots up and down
Tracking/Dolly
Camera either is moving toward or away from the subject or with the subject- all in all the camera is physically moving
Dolly
A special cart or any moving device or vehicle
Point of view shot
Audience sees and hears what the character/ subject sees and hears
Rack focus
When one part of frame is blurred while the other is in focus- background to foreground and vice versa
Zoom
Due to the lens the camera remains in place but seems to move quickly toward or away from the subject
Telephone lens
Narrow angle of view; gives the dimensions a flat perspective
Fish eye lens
Is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image
Iris shot
Is visible on screen as a circle closing down or opening up on a shot
Steadicam
A lightweight mounting for a movie camera that keeps it steady for filming when handheld or moving
Slow motion
Filming subject at a higher speed then projecting at regular speed
Lighting
- Audience's attention
- Mood