16 terms

Vocabulary #12

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Andrew Johnson
President after Lincoln's assassination and during the beginning of Reconstruction. Brought up on impeachment charges but not removed from office.
Reconstruction
1865-1877; the attempt to rebuild and reform the political, social, and economic systems of the South after the Civil War.
Thirteenth Amendment
Amendment which abolished slavery
Fourteenth Amendment
Amendment which gave full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States.
Fifteenth Amendment
Amendment which granted African American men the right to vote
Scalawags
Southern whites who supported Republican policy throughout reconstruction
Carpetbaggers
Northerners who went South for personal power and profit
Sharecropping
System used following the Civil War in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land
Black Codes
Law that greatly limited the rights of former slaves after the Civil War.
Poll Tax
A fee of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote
Grandfather Clause
Law allowing people to vote if their ancestors had been able to vote prior to 1867. This eliminated African American voting rights but assisted poor whites in the South.
Literacy Tests
Method used to deny African-Americans the vote in the South that tested a person's ability to read and write
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Compromise of 1877
Compromise that enables President Hayes to take office in return for the end of Reconstruction
Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme Court decision which legalized segregation so long as the facilities were "separate but equal"
Homestead Act
encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land
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