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61 terms

chem test 4

STUDY
PLAY
H2 + 02 YEILDS
H20
CO + H2 YIELDS
CH3OH
CO2 + H20 YIELDS
C6H12O6 + O2
CaC2 + H2O yields
Ca(OH)2 + C2H2
N2 + H2 Yields
NH3
P4O10 + H2O yields
H3PO4
HF + SiO2 yields
SiF4 + H2O
SiO2 + C yields
Si + CO
Ca3PO4 + C + SiO2 + heat Yields
P4 + CO + CaSiO3
Nitrogen in -3
ammonia (NH3) amino acids, and contact explosives (NI3)
Nitrogen in -2
rocket fuel (N2H4)
Nitrogen in -1
oximes (H2N-OH)
Nitrogen in +1
Nitrous oxide (N20)
Nitrogen in +3
Nitrous acid (azo dyes) (HNO2)
Nitrogen in +2 and +4
Acid rain (NO and NO2)
Nitrogen in +5
gunpowder and fireworks (KNO3)
Lithium
treat manic depressive disorder
sodium
yellow fireworks, salt, baking soda
potassium (K)
gunpowder and fireworks (ID)
Be
emerald and aquamarine
Mg
milk of magnesia, chlorophyl, bright white light
Ca
plaster of paris, teeth, etc
Sr
red fireworks
Ba
X- ray
Sc
low density, space missles
Y
superconductor
Ti
smoke bombs, white paint, strong as steel but less dense
Zr
zircon and toothpastes
Hf
control rods in nuclear reactors
V
rust resistant, production of H2SO4
Nb
superconducting magnets
Ta
unreactive, used in human bones
Cr
lots colors, leather tanning, wheels
Mo
enzyme that catalyzes nitrogen fixation in plants
W
highest melting point
Mn
toughen up steel
Tc
nuclear medicine (pet scan)
Re
high melting point, used in filaments and high temp thermometers
Fe
steel, blood, blue dye
Os
greatest density
Co
B12,colorful
Rh
mirrors
Ir
"iris" fountain pens and hardening certain alloys
Ni
nickels and hydrogenation in org. chem
Pd
white gold and hydrogen catalyst
Pt
treat cancer and stereoisomer example
Roasting
2 Cu2S + 3 O2 yields 2 Cu2O + 2 SO2
conversion of sulfide ores to oxides
Smelting
2 Cu2O + C yields 4 Cu + CO2
conversion of oxides to pure metal
Cu
wires
Ag
conducts electricity, plating and jewelry
Au
jewelry, treat arthritis
Zn
batteries, sun screen, tv screens
Cd
control rods, yellow pigment
Hg
liquid at room temp, mix with silver for fillings
Al
spot welding, deodorant, astringent
Ga
melts at 30C, transistors and solar cells
In
bearings, transistors, solar cells
Tl
toxic, rat poison, imaging agent
Ge
semiconductor
Sn
make bronze
Pb
old plumbing, gasoline, insecticide, yellow paint and chalk