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276 terms

Medical Terminology neftali

STUDY
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P
prefix
R
root
CF
combining form
S
suffix
ex-
out
cis
to cut
-ion
process
mal
bad
format
a shaping
chem/o
chemical
therapy
treatment
gastr
stomach
oma
tumor
itis
inflammation
uterus
latin word for one of the organs of the female reproductive system, the womb
Hyster
Greek for womb
Hysterectomy
surgical excision of the womb
Metr/i
Greek(CF) for uterus
Myometrium
muscular tissue of the uterus
abduct
to lead away from the middle
adduct
to lead toward the middle
ante
before, forward
anti
against
ecto
out, outside, outer
endo
within, inner
hyper
above, beyond, excessive
hypo
below, under, deficient
inter
between
intra
within
para
beside, alongside, abnormal
peri
around
per
through
pre
before, in front of
pro
before, in front of
super
above, beyond, upper
supra
above, beyond
poiesis
formation
ptosis
prolapse, drooping, sagging, falling down
ptysis
spitting
rrhagia
to burst forth, bursting forward
rrhage
to burst forth, bursting forward
rrhaphy
suture
rrhea
flow, discharge
rrhexis
rupture
scope
instrument for examining
scopy
visual examination, to view, examine
tome
instrument to cut
tomy
incision
tripsy
crushing
trophy
nourishment, development
abate
to lessen, decrease, or cease
abscess
localized collection of pus, which may occur in any part of the body
acute ac
sudden, sharp, severe; a disease that has a sudden onset, severe symptoms, and a short course
adhesion
process of being stuck together
afferent
carrying impulses toward a center
ambulatory
condition of being able to walk, not confined to bed
antidote
substance given to counteract poisons and their effects
antipyretic
pertaining to an agent that works against fever
antitussive
pertaining to an agent that works against coughing
apathy
condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions and is indifferent
asepsis
without decay; sterile, free from all living microorganisms
autoclave
apparatus used to sterilize articles by steam under pressure
autonomy
condition of being self-governed; to function independently
axillary
pertaining to the armpit
biopsy
surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination; used to determine a diagnosis of cancer or other disease processes in the body
cachexia
condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. It may occur in chronic diseases such as cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis.
chemotherapy
treatment using chemical agents
chronic
pertaining to time; a disease that continues over a long time, showing little change in symptoms or course
diagnosis
determination of the cause and nature of a disease
diaphoresis
to carry through sweat glands; profuse sweating
disease
lack of ease; an abnormal condition of the body that presents a series of symptoms that sets it apart from normal or other abnormal body states
disinfectant
chemical substance that can be applied to objects to destroy pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria
efferent
carrying impulses away from a center
empathy
state of projecting one's own personality into the personality of another to understand the feelings, emotions, and behavior of the person
epidemic
pertaining to among people; the rapid, widespread occurrence of an infectious disease
etiology
study of the causes of disease
excision
process of cutting out, surgical removal
febrile
pertaining to fever
illness
state of being sick
incision
process of cutting into
malaise
feeling of discomfort, uneasiness; often felt by a patient who has a chronic disease
malignant
bad wandering; pertaining to the spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another area
necrosis
condition of tissue death
neopathy
new disease
oncology
study of tumors
pallor
paleness, a lack of color
paracentesis
surgical repair of a body cavity for fluid removal
prognosis
literally means prediction of the course of a disease and the recovery rate; condition of foreknowledge
prophylactic
pertaining to preventing or protecting against disease
pyrogenic
pertaining to the production of heat; a fever
radiology
study of radioactive substances
rapport
raltionship of understanding between two individuaks, especially between the patient and the physician
triage
sorting and classifying of injuries to determine priority of need and treatment
Allergy/Immunology
diseases of an allergic nature
Anesthesiology
Appropriate anesthesia for partial or complete loss of sensation
Bariatrics
prevention, control, and treatment of obesity
Cardiology
diseases of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries
Dermatology
diseases of the skin
Endocrinology
diseases of the endocrine system
Family Practice
care of members of the family regardless of age and/or sex
Gastroenterology
diseases of the stomach and intestines
Geriatrics
Study aspects of aging
Gynecology
diseases of the female reproductive system
Hematology
diseases of the blood and bloodforming tissues
Infectious Disease
diseases caused by the growth of pathogenic and microorganisms within the body
Internal Medicine
diseases of internal origin not usually treated surgically
Nephrology
diseases of the kidney and urinary system
Neurology
diseases of the nervous system
Obstetrics
treatment of the female during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum
Oncology
study of tumors
algesia
condition of pain
ant
forming
ase
enzyme
blast
immature cell, germ cell, embryonic cell
cyte
cell
dipsia
thirst
drome
a course
genesis
formation, produce
logy
study of
phil
attraction
stasis
control, stop, stand still
therapy
treatment
ate
use, action, having the form of, possessing
genic
formation, produce
lysis
destruction, separation, breakdown, loosening, dissolution
plegia
stroke, paralysis, palsy
ptosis
prolapse, drooping, falling down, sagging
algia
pain, ache
derma
skin
dynia
paine, ache
edema
swelling
kinesis
motion
lepsy
seizure
mania
madness
oma
resemble
pathy
disease, emotion
penia
deficiency
phasia
to speak, speech
phobia
fear
plasia
formation, produce
plegia
paralysis, stroke
pnea
breathing
ectomy
surgical excision, surgical removal, resection
opsy
to view
pexy
surgical fixation
pheresis
remove
plasty
surgical repair
stomy
new opening
asystole
without contraction of the heart; a life-threatening cardiac condition characterized by the absence of electrical and mechanical activity in the heart
abrasion
process of scraping away from a surface, such as skin or teeth, by friction
arousal
pertaining to a state of alertness
dysarthria
difficult articulation of speech resulting from interference in the control over muscle of speech, usually cause by damage to a central or peripheral motor nerve
exogenous
pertaining to originating outside the body or an organ of the body or produced from external causes, such as a disease caused by bacterial or viral agent foreign to the body
grandiose
pertaining to a feeling of greatness
hypertrophy
excessive nourishment; increase in size of organ, structure, or body caused by an increase in the size of the cells rather than the number of cells; also called overgrowth
infection
process whereby a pathogenic microorganism invades the body, reproduces, multiplies, and causes disease
palpate
to use the hands or fingers to examine by touch; to feel
steroid
resembling a solid substance
trauma
physical injury or wound caused by external force, violence, or a toxic substance; psychological injury resulting grom a severe emotional shock, which can cause disordered feelings and/or behavior
turgor
the expected resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid
a, an
no, without, lack of, apart
brady
slow
dys
difficult
eu
good, normal
hyper
excessive
hypo
deficient
tachy
fast
anti, contra
against
auto
self
brachy
short
dia
through, between, complete
dys
bad, difficult, painful, abnormal
ex, exo
out, away from
hetero
different
homeo
similar, same, likeness, constant
hydro
water
pseudo
false
sym, syn
together, with
ad
toward, near, to
bi
two, double
de
down, away from
di
two, double
dif, dis
apart, free from, separate
ec, ecto
out, outside, outer
end, endo
within, inner
ep, epi
upon, over, above
extra
outside, beyond
hyper
above, beyond, excessive
hypo
below, under, deficient
in
in, into, not
mega
large, great
meta
beyond, over, between, change
para
beside, alongside, abnormal
poly
many, much, excessive
post
after, behind
ab
away from
ad
toward, near to
ana
up, apart, backward
ante
before, forward
cata
down
circum, peri
around
endo
within, inner
epi
upon, above, over
ex
out, away from
meso
middle
retro
backward
sub
below, under, beneath
supra
above, beyond, superior
ambi
both
bi
two, double
primi
first
quadric
four
tri
three
uni
one
afebrile
pertaining to without fever
arrest
to stop, inhibit, restraint
binary
pertaining to separating into two branches or composed of two elements
hypoplasia
underdevelopment of a tissue, organ, or body
insomnia
condition of not being able to sleep
intermediary
pertaining to situated between two bodies or occurring between two period of time
latent
lying hidden; quiet, not active
lumen
space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube. It is also the hollow core of a hypodermic needle, which forms an oval-shaped opening when exposed at the beveled point.
occlusion
process of closing or state of being closed of a passage
patent
wide open; freely open
polydactyly
pertaining to having more than the normal number of fingers and toes
cell membrane
protects the cell
cytoplasm
provides storage and work areas for the cell
ribosomes
make enzymes and other proteins; "protein factories"
Endoplasmic Reticulum(ER)
carries proteins and other substances through the cytoplasm
Golgi apparatus
chemically processes the molecules from the endoplasmic reticulum and then packages them into vesicles; "chemical processing and packaging center"
Mitochondria
involved in cellular metabolism and respiration; provides the principle source of cellular energy and is the place where complex, energy-releasing chemical reactions occur continuously; "Power Plants"
Lysomes
contain enzymes that can digest food compounds; "digestive bags"
centrioles
play an important role in cell production
cilia
hairlike processes that project from epithelial cells
flagellum
"tail" of the sperm that enables for the sperm to "swim" or move toward the ovum
nucleus
controls every organelle in the cytoplasm; responsible for the cell's metabolism, growth, and reproduction
Tissues
Epithelium, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous
Epithelium
appears as sheetlike arrangements of cells; covers the surfaces of organs, line the walls of cavities, and forms tubes, ducts, and portions of certain glands. Functions are absorption, secretion, protection, and excretion.
Connective
Most widespread and abundant; forms the supporting network for the organs of the body, sheaths the muscles, and connects muscles to bones and bones to joints. Bone is a dense form of connective tissue.
Muscle
Three types: striated, cardiac, and smooth
Cardiac muscle tissue
is a specialized form of striated tissue. controlled by the autonomic nervous system
Smooth muscle tissue
also called involuntary; also controlled by the autonomic nervous system
Striated muscle tissue
also called voluntary; are controlled by the person's will
Nerve Tissue
consists of nerve cells and supporting cells called neuroglia. have properties of excitability and conductivity and functions to control and coordinate the activities of the body
Organs
tissues serving a common purpose or function
systems
group of organs functioning together for a common purpose
superior
above, in an upward direction, toward the head
anterior
in front of or before, the front side of the body
posterior
toward the back, back side of the body
cephalic
pertaining to the head
medial
nearest the midline or middle
lateral
to the side, away from the middle
proximal
nearest the point of attachment or near the beginning of a structure
distal
away from the point of attachment or far from the beginning of a structure
Right hypochondriac
upper right region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage
left hypochondriac
upper left region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage
epigastric
region over the stomach
right lumbar
right middle lateral region
left lumbar
left middle lateral region
umbilical
in the center, between the right and left lumbar region; at the navel
right iliac(inguinal)
right lower lateral region
left iliac(inguinal)
left lower lateral region
hypogastric
lower middle region below the navel
adipose
pertaining to fatty tissue throughout the body
anatomy
to cut up or to cut apart; the study of the structure of an organism such as humans
anterior
pertaining to a surface or part situated toward the front of the body
apex
pointed end of a cone-shaped structure
bilateral
pertaining to two sides
biology
study of life
caudal
pertaining to the tail
chromosome
microscopic bodies that carry the genes that determine hereditary characteristics
cytology
study of cells
dehydrate
to remove water; to lose or be deprived of water from the body; to become dry
diffusion
process in which parts of a substance move from areas of high concentration to areas of lower concentration
dorsal
pertaining to the backside of the body
ectomorph
slender physical body form marked by the predominance of tissue derived from the ectoderm