28 terms

Nature and Perspectives


Terms in this set (...)

Absolute Location
Exact location on the global grid; uses latitude and longitude.
It maps data by changing the proportion of features on the map.
The art of map-making.
Cognitive Map
Maps that are drawn from memory.
Environmental Determinism
When someone believes that geography is why the world is the way it is.
Formal Region
Common characteristics are measured quantitatively with definite boundaries.
Functional Region
A central place with an area of influence.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
A way to map out data in layers; it can choose what maps to put together.
The study of spatial variation, how and why things differ in different places on Earth.
Global Positioning System (GPS)
It is used for navigation by using remote sensing.
The expansion of political, economic, and cultural activities to the point that they reach and have an impact on many areas of the world.
Great Circles
Shows the shortest distance between 2 points on maps of the earth.
Latitude (parallel)
Parallels that are horizontal and start at the Equator.
Lines that are vertical and start at the Prime Meridian (runs through Greenwich) and the International Date Line.
Help explain and predict spatial patterns. Ex: Burgess
Perceptual Region
These are also called vernacular regions. Common characteristics are measured qualitatively without definite boundaries.
Reference Map
These maps provide reference, practical use, that can get you to somewhere. They need to be readable and are the most common types of maps.
The classification of earth's surface into contiguous spatial regions.
Relative Location
Location described in relation to other locations/places; uses site and situation.
Remote Sensing
This is the best way to get pictures of earth; takes satellite pictures of the earth and collects a lot of data.
There are three types: Local, Regional, and Global.
Sense of Place
From seeing a picture you can tell what things are like.
Describing unique characteristics of a place; internal descriptions.
The context of a place, describing the things around it.
The Galls-Peter Projection
This is an Equal-Area Projection which maintains the true size in a map.
The Mercator Projection
This is a Conformal Projection the maintains the true shape in a map.
The Robinson Projection
This is the "Compromise" Projection that distorts all four properties of a map to the smallest degree on purpose.
Thematic Map
Explains a space by mapping out patterns that geographers recognize.

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