Colonial Virginia Test Review
Terms in this set (35)
What did the economy of colonial Virginia rely on?
What was the most profitable product in Virginia?
A crop grown for money
What is a cash crop?
Labor from slaves
The successful planting of tobacco depended on a steady and inexpensive source of what?
African men, women, and children
Who worked on the tobacco plantations?
Agriculture required a great deal of inexpensive labor. That's where the crops were grown.
Why did Africans settle mainly in the Coastal Plains and Piedmont regions?
Settlers grew acres of tobacco and sold it to which country?
Africans provided labor to grow it, it was profitable, and there was a lot of farm land in Virginia
Tobacco took over the economy because...
Europeans, Africans, and American Indians
The culture of Virginia reflected what main groups?
Barns, homes, and places of worship (churches).
Colonial architecture that reflects different cultures includes...
The name of the city Richmond reflects which culture?
The name of the city Roanoke reflects which culture?
Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions
Where did English and other Europeans settle in Virginia?
The Shenandoah Valley, along the migration route
Where did the Germans and Scots-Irish settle in Virginia?
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions, where tobacco fields required a great deal of labor
Where did Africans settle in Virginia?
All throughout Virginia
Where did American Indians live before the English came?
They were forced to move inland
When the English arrived, where did the American Indians live?
Jamestown, Williamsburg, and then Richmond
What is the correct order of the three capitals that Virginia has had?
Drinking water was contaminated by the seepage of salt water
Unhealthy living conditions caused diseases
Fire destroyed the buildings
Why did the capital move from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
The population of people was moving Westward
Richmond was a more central location
Increased the distance from the sea and possible attack by the British
Why did the capital move from Williamsburg to Richmond?
What did England become known as in the early 1700's
The capital moved to Williamsburg
What happened when the fire at Jamestown occurred?
Local crops and meat
Most people in colonial Virginia ate...
Enslaved and had no rights
Most African Americans in colonial Virginia were...
Was made of cotton, wool, or leather in each house
Most clothing in colonial Virginia...
In small houses with dirt floors
Most people in colonial Virginia lived...
Goods and services
In colonial Virginia, farmers used tobacco as money to pay for...
Paper money or coins
Most people in colonial Virginia did not use ....
Since there wasn't a lot of money in colonial Virginia, what did they not have?
What is it called when you make extra money?
A medium of exchange (currency, which includes coins and paper bills)
What is money?
Trading/exchanging of goods and services without the use of money
What does it mean to barter?
Buying a good or service now and paying for it later ("buy now, pay later")
What is credit?
A good or service owed to someone
What is debt?
Money put away to save or to spend at a later time
What does "savings" mean?