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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. behavioral discrepancy
  2. biological constraints on learning
  3. dopamine
  4. compound stimulus
  5. motivating stimulus (or motivator)
  1. a a neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)
  2. b the difference between ongoing behavior before and immediately following presentation of an eliciting stimulus
    (1)
  3. c limitations, resulting from natural selection, on the outcome of behavioral selection by reinforcement
    (2)
  4. d an object or event that includes separable stimulus components, such as a light and a tone
    (2)
  5. e stimulus that functions to establish other stimuli as reinforcers or punishers.
    (1)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1; rule of learning incorporating selection processes in classical & operant procedures; 2; states that when a behavioral discrepancy occurs, an environment-behavior relation is selected consisting of stimuli present immediately before the discrepancy and responses occurring just before the elicited response
    (5)
  2. a spurious environment-behavior relation that emerges without true dependencies between the behavior and eliciting stimuli
    (2)
  3. the neuron receiving the stimulation
    (1)
  4. the effectiveness with which a signal from a presynaptic neuron activates a postsynaptic neuron
    (2)
  5. procedure for studying or producing learning by presenting an eliciting stimulus after a response
    (2)

5 True/False questions

  1. eliciting stimulus (or "elicitor")object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (1) (note: same as US)

          

  2. unconditioned stimulus (unconditional stimulus, US)object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (2) (note: same as eliciting stimulus)

          

  3. reinforcerreliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
    (1)

          

  4. conditioned response (conditional response, CR)the response evoked by the CS in the classical procedure.
    (1)

          

  5. deprivationincrease in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation
    (2)