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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. presynaptic neuron
  2. contingency
  3. unified principle of reinforcement
  4. motivating function
  5. behavioral discrepancy
  1. a a relation in which the occurrence of one event depends on the occurrence of another event
    (2)
  2. b the difference between ongoing behavior before and immediately following presentation of an eliciting stimulus
    (1)
  3. c 1; rule of learning incorporating selection processes in classical & operant procedures; 2; states that when a behavioral discrepancy occurs, an environment-behavior relation is selected consisting of stimuli present immediately before the discrepancy and responses occurring just before the elicited response
    (5)
  4. d the neuron transmitting (producing/sending) the stimulation
    (1)
  5. e general effect of deprivation on organism's reaction to a range of stimuli
    (1)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a pair of fine wires, insulated from one another except at their tips, that is inserted into a brain region to stimulate neurons or monitor their activity
    (2)
  2. weakening of unlearned environment-behavior relations when an stimulus is repeatedly presented without consequence
    (2)
  3. the neuron receiving the stimulation
    (1)
  4. the effectiveness with which a signal from a presynaptic neuron activates a postsynaptic neuron
    (2)
  5. reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
    (1)

5 True/False questions

  1. compound stimulusan object or event that includes separable stimulus components, such as a light and a tone
    (2)

          

  2. blockinga neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)

          

  3. computer simulationuse of computers to model relations among real-world events, including those between the environment and the behavior of an organism
    (2)

          

  4. ventral tegmental area (VTA)a region of the brain whose stimulation functions as a particular effective reinforcer.
    (2)

          

  5. conditioned reinforcerstimulus that functions as reinforcer in operant procedures by having been paired with other reinforcers.
    (2)