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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. presynaptic neuron
  2. postsynaptic neuron
  3. synaptic efficacy
  4. conditioned reinforcer
  5. output units
  1. a stimulus that functions as reinforcer in operant procedures by having been paired with other reinforcers.
    (2)
  2. b the effectiveness with which a signal from a presynaptic neuron activates a postsynaptic neuron
    (2)
  3. c the neuron receiving the stimulation
    (1)
  4. d the neuron transmitting (producing/sending) the stimulation
    (1)
  5. e an element of an adaptive neural network, simulating the activity of a neuron or group of neurons that mediate behavioral events
    (2)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (2) (note: same as eliciting stimulus)
  2. extent to which a response reliably follows presentation of a stimulus
    (1)
  3. responses that are reliably evoked by a stimulus
    (1)
  4. reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
    (1)
  5. behavioral complexity is best understood as outcome of selection mechanisms operating in the individual's environment
    (2)

5 True/False questions

  1. glutamatea neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)

          

  2. input unitsan element of an adaptive neural network, simulating the activity of a neuron or group of neurons that mediate environmental events
    (2)

          

  3. deprivationreduction of contact with a stimulus to levels below ad libitum (normal free access) levels (2)

          

  4. habituationincrease in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation
    (2)

          

  5. contingencya behavioral process in which an earlier stimulus paired with an elicitor prevents learning with a later stimulus paired with the same elicitor
    (2)