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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. eliciting function
  2. model preparations
  3. habituation
  4. behavioral discrepancy
  5. sensitization
  1. a weakening of unlearned environment-behavior relations when an stimulus is repeatedly presented without consequence
  2. b artificial, highly simplified, experimental arrangements used to clearly show the effects of the variables being studied
  3. c extent to which a response reliably follows presentation of a stimulus
  4. d increase in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation
  5. e the difference between ongoing behavior before and immediately following presentation of an eliciting stimulus

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. limitations, resulting from natural selection, on the outcome of behavioral selection by reinforcement
  2. responses that 1. are less reliably evoked by antecedent stimuli than respondents, 2. the antecedent stimulus is not well specified, and 3. which generally produce eliciting consequences
  3. an eliciting stimulus that functions to select environment-behavior relations
  4. use of computers to model relations among real-world events, including those between the environment and the behavior of an organism
  5. object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (2) (note: same as eliciting stimulus)

5 True/False questions

  1. input unitsan element of an adaptive neural network, simulating the activity of a neuron or group of neurons that mediate behavioral events


  2. instrumental (operant) conditioninglimitations, resulting from natural selection, on the outcome of behavioral selection by reinforcement


  3. ventral tegmental area (VTA)a region of the brain whose stimulation functions as a particular effective reinforcer.


  4. taste aversionan environment-behavior relation in which a taste or smell that has been followed by nausea is subsequently avoided by the organism


  5. synaptic efficacythe effectiveness with which a signal from a presynaptic neuron activates a postsynaptic neuron


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