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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. behavioral discrepancy
  2. biological constraints on learning
  3. dopamine
  4. compound stimulus
  5. motivating stimulus (or motivator)
  1. a a neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)
  2. b the difference between ongoing behavior before and immediately following presentation of an eliciting stimulus
  3. c limitations, resulting from natural selection, on the outcome of behavioral selection by reinforcement
  4. d an object or event that includes separable stimulus components, such as a light and a tone
  5. e stimulus that functions to establish other stimuli as reinforcers or punishers.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1; rule of learning incorporating selection processes in classical & operant procedures; 2; states that when a behavioral discrepancy occurs, an environment-behavior relation is selected consisting of stimuli present immediately before the discrepancy and responses occurring just before the elicited response
  2. a spurious environment-behavior relation that emerges without true dependencies between the behavior and eliciting stimuli
  3. the neuron receiving the stimulation
  4. the effectiveness with which a signal from a presynaptic neuron activates a postsynaptic neuron
  5. procedure for studying or producing learning by presenting an eliciting stimulus after a response

5 True/False questions

  1. eliciting stimulus (or "elicitor")object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (1) (note: same as US)


  2. unconditioned stimulus (unconditional stimulus, US)object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (2) (note: same as eliciting stimulus)


  3. reinforcerreliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection


  4. conditioned response (conditional response, CR)the response evoked by the CS in the classical procedure.


  5. deprivationincrease in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation