93 terms

Proficiency Expert - unit 3

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fallacy
(n.) a false notion or belief; an error in thinking
(błąd logiczny, błędne przekonanie)
fabrication
a lie; something made up (wymysł)
scrutiny
the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes) (szegółowe badanie)
to scrutinise
examine or inspect closely and thoroughly (dokładnie badać)
misconception
an incorrect understanding or interpretation (błędne mniemanie, interpretacja)
hitherto
up to this time; until now
jargon
vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people
prose
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse
make a pronouncement
to give a speach which includes some statement(wygłaszać oświadcznie)
niggling (difficulties)
bothersome or persistent especially in a petty or tiresome way; troublesome (deczący, niedający spokoju)
solace
(n.) comfort, relief; (v.) to comfort, console
(ukojenie, pocieszenie)
premise
an assumption; the basis for a conclusion (przesłanka, założenie)
as stubborn as a mule
very stubborn and obstinate
(uparty jak osioł)
obstinate
(uparty, uporczywy zawzięty)
stubborn; unyielding
a wolf in sheep's clothing
a person or thing that appears friendly or harmless but is really hostile
hostile
(adj.) unfriendly; unfavorable; warlike, aggressive (nieprzyjazny)
flog a dead horse
waste time doing something useless
have kittens
to be very worried, upset, or angry about something /esp witing for sth |important|/
let sleeping dogs lie
said to warn someone that they should not talk about a bad situation that most people have forgotten about (nie wywołuj wilka z lasu)
like water off a duck's back
referring to a potentially hurtful remark which has no apparent effect on the person involved (spływać jak po kaczce)
put the cat among the pigeons
to say or do something that causes trouble or makes a lot of people very angry /can be set/ (wkładać kij w mrowisko)
take the bull by the horns
to do something difficult in a brave and determined way; to face a problem directly (brać byka za rogi)
have a bee in one's bonnet
to keep talking about something again and again because you think it is very important
practitioner
someone involved in a skilled job or activity /medical usu/
accessible
able to be reached or easily got || easy to understand
intimidating
making you feel frightened or nervous, daunting
buy into
to completely believe in a set of ideas /disapproving/
knock-on effect
When an event or situation has a ........, it causes other events or situations, but not directly (efekt domina)
grumpiness
easily annoyed and often complaining
downward spiral
when a situation is getting worse and is difficult to control because one bad event causes another
dispel
to remove fears, doubts, and false ideas, usually by proving them wrong or unnecessary (rozpędzić, rozwiać)
reticence
(He is very reticent about his past.)
unwilling to speak about your thoughts or feelings (małomówność)
reap benefits
to - (of something) ~ gather
acupuncture
a treatment for pain or illness in which thin needles are positioned just under the surface of the skin at special points around the body
aromatherapy
the treatment of worry or nervousness, or medical conditions that are not serious, by rubbing pleasant-smelling natural oils into the skin or breathing in their smell
meditation
the act of giving your attention to only one thing, either as a religious activity or as a way of becoming calm and relaxed || serious thought or study, or the product of this activity
relaxing pastime
ust an activity making you feel relaxed
emotional comfort
feeling emotionally at ease
reflexology
a treatment in which your feet are rubbed and pressed in a special way in order to improve blood flow and help you relax
medication
a medicine, or a set of medicines or drugs, used to improve a particular condition or illness
pain relief
feeling better ater being in pain
drawbacks
a disadvantage or the negative part of a situation
keep somebody active
to make somebody do something for a longer period of time
provide somebody with an interest
to make somebody interested
expensive and so far for privileged people
for well-off people generally
effective relaxation technique
something that effectively helps you relax
takes your mind off things
to stop you from worrying or thinking about a problem or pain, often by forcing you to think about other things
it's emotionally uplifting
It helps you to lighten up
helps you unwind
If you unwind something that is wrapped around an object, you unfasten it, and if it unwinds, it becomes unfastened
relieves tension
it makes you feel better after stressful period or pain
shiver
When people or animals shiver, they shake slightly because they feel cold, ill, or frightened
do somebody the world of good
to make someone feel much healthier or happier
hackneyed
A ..... phrase or idea has been said or used so often that it has become boring and has no meaning (oklepany)
insurmountable problems
so great that it cannot be dealt with successfully /+problems/ (nie do pokonania)
kick the habit
to give up something harmful that you have done for a long time
old habits die hard
People find it difficult to change their accustomed behavior
Why break the habit of lifetime?
A rhetorical question expressing doubt that someone will change their bad habit. Typically said after that person has announced their intention to stop such a habit
reach the conclusion
to make something out as a agreement
conductive to total relaxation
A conductive substance allows heat or electricity to go through it /so just helping u totaly ralex/
astounded
very surprised or shocked
sheepish
embarrassed because you know that you have done something wrong or silly
wolf-whistles
a whistle (= sound made by blowing air through the lips) sometimes made by a man when he sees a woman he finds sexually attractive
to have a frog in your throat
to have difficulty in speaking because your throat feels dry and you want to cough
a bone to pick
to want to talk to someone about something annoying they have done
piggy in the middle
a game in which two people throw a ball to each other over the head of a person who stands between them and tries to catch it || someone who is in a difficult situation between two other people who are arguing
have butterflies in your stomach
to feel very nervous, usually about something you are going to do
a stag party
a stag night || a group of men at a party for a man who is going to get married
fishy
seeming dishonest or false /inf/
underdog
a person or group of people with less power, money, etc. than the rest of society || in a competition, the person or team considered to be the weakest and the least likely to win
fat cats
someone who has a lot of money, especially someone in charge of a company who has the power to increase their own pay /s/
dark horse
a person who keeps their interests and ideas secret, especially someone who has a surprising ability or skill
to chicken
/run away/
to badger
/disturb/
badger
an animal with greyish-brown fur, a black and white head and a pointed face, that lives underground and comes out to feed at night
to dog
/follow sbd around/
to rabbit
/talk too much/
to beaver
/to work hard/
to monkey
to be very cold /mess around/
be cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey
/humorous/
to be very cold
mess around
to disturb sbd
to duck
to discover when you start to do something for the first time that you have a natural ability to do it: /to hide by crouching or turning up or leveling or sth/
take to sth like a duck to water
(poczuć się jak ryba w wodzie)
to fox
/to decieve someone or sth/
to ram
to hit or push something with force
a ram
baran
masquerade
to put on a false appearance
misconception
an incorrect understanding or interpretation
There's no harm in asking
It's ok to ask
unassailable truth
undeniable truth
assertion
a declaration or statement (zapewnienie)
sense of self-worth
inner feeling of being valuable
indulge
(I think you shouldn't indulge in drinking too often.)
to allow yourself or another person to have something enjoyable, especially more than is good for you (pozwalać sobie)
drowsiness
sleepiness
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