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date, features, culture


6 to 7 mya. Small apelike skull. Small Canines, likely bipedal. Found in Chad.


6 mya. bipedal but may have spent time in trees. Found in Kenya.


5.8 to 4.4. Ethiopia. Small teeth. Apelike skull.

Australopithecus Anamensis

4.2 to 3.9. Apelike skull and teeth.

Australopithecus Afarensis

4 to 3 mya. "Lucy". Bipedal, had arches.

Robust Australopithecines

2.5 to 1.4 mya. Had robust jaws. Small brains. No tools

Australopithecus Africanus

3.3 to 2.5 mya.

Australopithecus Garhi

2.5 mya. made tools, small brains, large teeth

Homo Habilis

2. to 1.5 mya. 30% larger than Australopithecus, 50% less than Humans. Oldowan Tradition

Homo Rudolfensis

1.9 mya. Larger brains than H Habilis.

Homo Erectus

1.9 to 0.4 mya. First to leave Africa. Acheulian tradition.


400 to 28 kya. large stocky bodies, large brains. Buried their dead, showed compassion. Mousterian Tools.


800 to 200 kya. 30% more than Erectus, 10% less than Humans. Levallois Method

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