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Mr. Peter's AP Pysch 1
Terms in this set (50)
The rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
Processes and functions of an organism
Process of objectively examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities. - William Wundt
Structure of the mind - experiences broken into individual emotions and sensations.
The mind allows people to function - how they work, play, and adapt to their surroundings. (Heavily influenced by Darwin's Natural Selection).
A configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts.
A set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders
The science of behavior...John B Watson.
Seven Major Perspectives of Modern Psychology
Psychodynamic Perspective, Behavioral Perspective, Humanistic Perspective, Cognitive Perspective, Sociocultural Perspective, Biopsychological Perspective, Evolutionary Perspective
Unconscious mind over conscious behavior, childhood (first 6 years) experience. Less emphasis on sex & sexual motivations...more on development of self & discovery of motifs behind behavior.
How people think, remember, store, & use information. Major force in 1960's.
Physical working of brain & nervous system engaged in memory, thinking, and other cognitive processes.
Social & cultural psychology. How one behaves is influenced by others & their culture.
Biological bases of behavior & mental process. Human & animal behavior are direct results of events in the body.
Universal mental characteristics. General mental strategies & traits.
Trained in the field of psychology - has different training, different focuses, and perhaps different goals than the typical psychologist.
Medical doctor - specializes in diagnosis & treatment of psychological disorders.
Psychiatrist OR psychologist w/ special training in Freud's theories & his method of psychoanalysis.
Psychiatric Social Worker
Social worker w/ training in therapy on environments that have impact on mental disorders such as poverty, overcrowding, stress, or drug abuse.
Academic degree & special training in one or more areas of psychology
Neurologist who focused on the unconscious mind where we repress threatening urges & desires which, when surfacing, create nervous disorders.
Believed early childhood experiences, the first 6 years, created one's personality.
APA Ethical Guidelines
1) Rights and well-being weighed against study's value to science.
2) Participants allowed to make informed decision to participate.
3) Deception must be justified.
4) Participants may withdraw from study at any time.
5) Participants must be protected from risks/informed explicitly of.
6) Investigators must debrief participants - inform of true nature of study and expectations of results.
7) Data must remain confidential.
System for reducing bias & error in the measurement of data
Tentative explanation of a phenomenon based on observations
To completely re-make an experiment, step for step
Observer makes observed uncomfortable, therefore creating a reaction that is not natural and not what observer wished to study
Become a part of the group, observe from inside
Tendency of observer to see what was expected to be seen instead of what happened.
Study of one individual in great detail
Poll of questions to find out answers from large population
Subject studied in natural surroundings
Randomly select sample of subjects from a larger population of subjects
Entire group of subjects which the researcher is interested in
Factors that weaken the ability of a test to measure what was designed to measure within an experimental study.
A statistical measure of the relationship between two variables. When one variable changes, the others change with it.
A measure of the direction (positive or negative) and extent (range of a correlation coefficient is from -1 to +1) of the relationship between two sets of scores.
Deliberate manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result, allowing the determination of cause-and-effect relationships.
A statement of the procedures or ways in which a researcher is going to measure behaviors or qualities.
Independent Variable (IV)
The variable in an experiment that is manipulated or changed by the experimenter.
Dependent Variable (DV)
The variable that responds to changes in the independent variable and is the factor that is measured in the experiment.
The group of individuals that receives the independent variable in an experiment.
The group of individuals that does not receive the independent variable in an experiment.
The process of separating participants in an experiment to either the experimental or the control group, in such a way that each participant will have the same chance of being assigned to either group.
A medical effect based solely on the power of suggestion.
Tendency of the experimenter's expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study.
A study designed in such a way that the subjects do not know if they are assigned to the experimental or control group.
A study designed in such a way that neither the subjects nor the researchers know who belongs to the experimental group or the control group.
Making reasoned judgements about claims
Systems of explaining human behavior that are not based on or consistent with scientific evidence
Careers in Psychology
Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst, Psychiatric Social Worker, Psychologist
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