71 terms

Chapter 8 Study Guide Emergency Care, First Aid, and Disasters

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Abdominal thrusts
Method of attempting to remove an object from the airway of someone who is choking
Cardiac Arrest
Medical term for the stopping of the heartbeat
Code team
Group of people chosen for a particular shift to respond to residents emergencies
Conscious
State of being mentally alert and having awareness of surroundings, sensations, and thoughts
CPR
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Refers to medical procedures used when a person's heart and lungs have stopped working. It is used until medical help arrives.
CPR must be started immediately to prevent or minimize
Brain damage
Brain damage can occur within how many minutes after breathing stops in the heart stops beating?
4 to 6 minutes
Who should perform CPR?
Only properly trained people
Diabetic ketoacidosis
A life-threatening complication of diabetes that can result from undiagnosed diabetes, not enough insulin, eating too much, not enough exercise, and stress. This is also known as ketoacidosis or hyper glycemia
Dyspnea
Difficulty breathing
Emesis
Active vomiting, or ejecting stomach contents through the mouth and or knows
Epistaxis
Nose bleed
Expressive aphasia
Inability to express oneself to others through speech or written words (stroke)
Fainting
Loss of consciousness. Also called Syncope
(Low oxygen/blood to body)
First aid
Care given by the first people to respond to an emergency
Hemiparesis
Weakness on one side of the body (stroke)
Hemiplegia
Paralysis of one side of the body
Hyperglycemia
Life-threatening complication of diabetes that can result from undiagnosed diabetes, not enough insulin, eating too much, not getting enough exercise, and stress. Also known as (DKA) diabetic ketoacidosis or ketoacidosis
Hypoglycemia
Life-threatening complication of diabetes that can results from either too much insulin or too little food. Also known as insulin reaction and insulin shock
Insulin reaction
Life-threatening complication of diabetes that can result from either too much insulin or too little food. Also known as hypoglycemia or insulin shock
Myocardial infarction
Condition in which blood flow to the heart is blocked and muscle cells die. Also called a heart attack
Obstructed airway
Condition in which the tube through which air enters the lungs is blocked
Receptive aphasia
Inability to understand what others are communicating through speech or written words (stroke)
Respiratory arrest
Medical term for the stopping of breathing
Shock
Condition in which there is decreased blood flow to organs and tissues
Syncope
Loss of consciousness. Also called fainting
Insulin
Unlocks cell so that Glucose can go in, so that it is not in the blood
Transient Ischemic Attack
TIA- similar to stroke
Comes and goes with low oxygen delivery
Poison
Call poison control
When a nursing assistant is assessing an emergency situation, what should he or she do?
Notice the time. Try to find out what has happened
When a nursing assistant is assessing a victim in a medical emergency, what should he or she do?
Ask the injured or ill person what has happened. Determine whether the person is conscious. Tap the person and speak loudly. If there's no response then assume they are unconscious. Call for help. Be calm and confident. Reassure them that they are being taken care of. After an emergency, document the emergency in your notes. Record signs, symptoms, facts, and the actions you took.
Normally when a person is choking, she lies facedown on the ground
False
The nursing assistant should leave the choking victim alone in order to find someone to help her
False
Before giving abdominal thrust, they nursing assistant should ask the victim if he or she is choking
True
A person in shock should sit up right until symptoms improve
False
After notifying the nurse, the first step in a nursing assistant should take one trying to control bleeding is to put on gloves
True
When blood seeps through iPad that is being used to control bleeding, it should be removed and replaced with a clean pad
False
Applying butter or cooking oil to a serious burn will help reduce the chance of infection
False
If a person appears likely to faint and is sitting down, the nursing assistant should have her bend forward and put her head between her knees
True
The medical term for vomiting is epistaxis
False
When a person has vomited, it is important to check vomit for blood or medication
True
Men are more likely than women to deny they are having a heart attack
False
If a nursing assistant suspects a person is having a heart attack, she should give him water right away
False
The medical term for a heart attack is transient ischemic attack (TIA)
False
Insulin reaction results from too much insulin or too little food
True
Diabetic ketoacidosis may be caused by undiagnosed diabetes
True
If a resident is having a seizure, the nursing assistant should put his fingers in the residence mouth so the resident will be able to breathe
False
The response time to a suspected stroke is important, as early treatment can reduce severity of the stroke
True
Slurring of words and facial droop are two important signs to report that may signal a stroke is beginning
True
Signs of this include pale or cyanotic skin, staring, increased pulse, and respiration rates, decreased blood pressure, and extreme thirst
Shock
Hold a thick sterile pad directly against the wound
Bleeding
Signs of this include severe pain in the chest, anxiety, and heartburn or indigestion
Myocardial infraction
Performing abdominal thrust may help with this emergency
Choking
Apply firm pressure over the bridge of the nose if this occurs
Nosebleed or epistaxis
Never use any kind appointment, water, salve, or grease on this
Burn
If a person is sitting, have her bend forward and place her head between the knees
Fainting or syncope
Signs of this include use of strange words, loss of bowel, and bladder control, and blurred vision
Stroke
Do not try to stop this or hold a person down
Seizure
If this occurs, it is a good idea to give the person a lump of sugar, candy, or glass of orange juice immediately
Insulin reaction or hypoglycemia
Sweet or fruity breath is a symptom
Diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperglycemia
Giving oral care after this happens is helpful
Vomiting or emesis
Signs of this include sudden collapse, vomiting, and heavy, difficult breathing
Poisoning
Facilities use codes to inform staff of WHAT without alarming residents and visitors
Emergencies
Code red usually means
Fire
Code blue usually means
Cardiac arrest
This is the team chosen for shift to respond in the case of emergency
Code team
Staff on the code team may be asked to get a WHAT or other emergency equipment
Special cart
Nursing assistance may be asked to do what during CPR
Chest compressions
Respond to codes after any residents your caring for are
Secured
What kinds of disasters are most likely to occur in your area?
Fire, flood, earthquake, hurricane, tornado, or severe weather, or acts of terrorism
Describe the way nursing assistant should respond to disasters
Respond calmly and skillfully to disasters, be responsible, and efficient. Know what to do in the event of a disaster