Islam Chapter 2
Terms in this set (36)
mostly inhospitable desert
western sector of Arabia. Where Islam was born/developed "cradle of Islam"
speak language belonging to large family of related tongues. Hebrew, Aramaic, Syriac
settled in Hejaz, etc.
descended from Adnan
descended from Biblical forebears
Pre-Islamic Arabian past
pastoral, barbarian Hejaz
the ignorance. Life of arabs in hejaz before islam
Pattern of life:
Pastoralist. Independent tribes
an important concern of the Arabs
Old Arabian way of life was...
Main means of livelihood...
raising camels, sheep, hunting, bodyguards. RAIDING
done among Bedouin groups or on settled peoples who produced goods
raid. national sport
group feeling. bound people together on clan and tribal levels
Organization of social system
clan (tents pitched together)
tribe (many clans)
chieftain of clan, only one
law of retaliation.
within clan - defenseless
outside clan- vendetta
sense of personal honor. individual's most valuable possesion
forbearance; highest virtue. physically/spiritually strong, courageous
Arabs dependent on...
ode. standard genre of poetry
major form of artistic expression that ancient Arabs had. Considered supernatural
one who knows. poet. received special insights/knowledge from demonic being (satan)
yearly poet fair. poets compete, celebrate poetry.
Religious beliefs of Arabs of Hejaz included
veneration of stones, wells, trees, sacred precincts connected with tribe's origins
Daughters of Allah
al-Lat (sacred precincts)
main divinity of Meccan sanctuary
high god of Mecca
typically created world, left when history began. when calamity struck/when initiated into tribe, high god's name and relationship to human order revealed. NOT SAME AS MONOTHEISM
religion of pre-Islam arabs was that of basic attitudes and activities connected with social group:
honor, manliness, hospitality, equitable distribution of goods, shaykh as first among equals, raiding, vendetta, genealogy.
Problem with tribal humanism
"humanism": likely that behind the tribe is a sacred origin and beneath the tribe is a sacred power that keeps it going. So ultimate reference would be beyond the human plane.
Meccans were probably...
familiar with old monotheistic faiths.
Arabian monotheists who were neither Jewish nor Christian. "generic monotheist"
Roman Catholic Church
breeding ground of heresies (polytheism, resistance to regulating renegade varieties of Christianity in the area)
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