70 terms

SAP PLM Test Questions

Test preparation for a test I am taking tomorrow.
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What is an activity?
Task in a network that has a defined start and finish. Project Systems has the following activity types Internal processing, external processing, costs, service.
List some activity types.
Internal processing
External processing
costs
service
Billing plan
A list of dates from which down payment request and sales relevant invoices are sent to customers. The planned revenues and planned incoming payments are automatically derived from the billing plan and recorded in the relevant WBS element.
BOM
A complete , structured list of the components that comprise an object. Bill of materials. The list contains a description, the quantity and the the unit of measure. The components are known as BOM items.
Budget
Predfined cost framework for a task or project within the specific period. Budgeting differs from cost planning in that it is bindiing. Whereas you must estimate your project costs as accurately as possible during project cost planning, it is the approval phase that funds are actually allocated in the form of a budget.
Claim
Project-specific notification category. A claim is used to document varioances form the project plan. You can use claims to plan costs incurred by variances, as well as initiate and monitor follow up activities.
Company Code
The smallest organization unit within a company, used to represent a closed system for cost accounting purposes. A controlling area may include single or multiple company codes that may use different currencies.
Controlling Area
An organizational unit within a company, used to represent a closed system for cost accounting purposes. A controlling area may include single or multiple company codes that may use different currencies.
Cost Center
An organizational unit within a controlling area that represents a defined location of cost incurrence. The definition can be based on funcitonal requirements, allocation criteria, physical locations or responsibility for costs.
Customer Inquiry
A customer request to a company for a quotation or sales information that is not binding. The request is recieved by a sales area that is then responsible for processing it further.
Goods Issue
A term from Inventory Management denoting a physical inward movement of goods or material from a company, usally with reference to a purchase order or production order.
Internal Activity Allocation
Internal cost allocation procedure where by the valuated atcitives (allocation bases) carredi out by cost centers are reallocated to the cost receiver according to the cause. In internal activity allocation, the service carried out by thte cost center is multiplied by the planned price for the activity type. This results in the costs that have to be cleared. The sender costcenter is credited by theis amount and the receiver object debited.
Internal Order
Hierachical structuring of a company's undertaking to create tangible assets or render services for an approval year.
Maintenance Order
Order for detaled planning and associated documetnation of measures during maintenance.
Milestones
Object representing events that are particularly important for the progress of the project or are of special interest. You can assign milestones to individual acitvities or WBS elements.
Network
Describes the chronological sequence of and dependencies between events and activites in a project, and maps the actual flow of the project.
Production Order
A production order used in discrete manufacturing.
Profit Center
An organizational unit in Accounting that reflects a management-oriented structure fo the organization for the purpose of internal control.
Project Definition
A binding framework for all the organization elements created in a project. The project definition contains default and control values. When you create a work breakdown structure, you automatically create a proejct definition.
Purchase Order
A request or instruction from a purchasing organization to a vendor (external supplier) or a plant to deliver a quantity of material or render a service at a certain point in time.
Purchase Requistion
A request or instruction to Purchasing to procure a quantity of a material or service so what it is available at a certain point in time.
Purchasing
A component of Materials Management with the following tasks; procuring materials and services externally, determining possible sources of supply for a requirement, monitoring goods deliveries and payment.
Relationship
A way of describing the link between the start and finish points of two activities in a network. Relationships determine the sequence of activities.
Sales Order
A customer request to a compnay for the delivery of goods or services at a certain time. The request is received by a sales area that is then responsible for fulfilling the contract.
Standard Network
The network structures that are not directly associated with a project and can be used as templates for creating other standard networks or operative networks.
Standard Work Breakdown Structure
A neutral work breakdown strucutre that can be used several times over and only serves as a template for creating operative owrk breakdown structures.
WBS Element
A structure element of the work breakdown structure. It describes a concrete task or a partial task that can be further subdivided. Planned and actual values for a project are defined and aggregated in WBS elements.
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
A model of the project that shows the project activities to be fulfilled in the hierarchical form. It divides the project into clearly-structured sections. The individual elements of the work breakdown structure are called WBS elements.
Work Center
An organizationl unit that defines where and by whom an activity is to be carried otu. The data in the work center can be used for scheduling, costing, and capacity planning.
Objects Maintained in Project Builder
Work Breakdown Structures
Netowrk
Milestone
Project Definition
Time Scheduling Functions
Sets of dates
Planning form
Scheduling
Planning Different Calendars
Shift
Extrapolation
Inherit
Check dates
Forward Scheduling
Determines the earliest dates.
Backward Scheduling
Determines the latest dates
Planning Forms
Top Down
Bottom Up
Free Planning
Strict Bottom Up
Dates in Network Plan
Network header (Basic and Forecast Dates)
Network activity Constraints (Earliest and Latest Dates)
Activity element
Scheduling type
Determines the original direction in which scheduling is carried out. Networks are always scheduled forwards and backwards. They are used for both network and WBS scheduling.
CJ2B
CJ29 - Project Scheduling Transaction
OSPU
Used to set control keys.
Factors influencing Scheduling
Internal Processing
External Processing
General Costs Activity
Relationships
ES
Earliest Start
LS
Latest Start
EF
Earliest Finish
TF
Total Float
FF
Free Float
FS
Finish Start
SF
Start Finish
SS
Start Start
FF Relationship
Finish Finish
LF
Latest Finish
Reduction
Reducton only affects the activities for which a reduction strategy has been stored
CN24N
Overall Network Scheduling Transaction with selection options
AS
Actual Start Date
AF
Actual Finish Date
CNF
Finally Confirmed
REL
Released
Requirements Date
Automatically calculated by the system for materials during the project based on the projected finish date of the activity.
Actual Dates
Are entered in networks using confirmations.
Relationship Linking
Network activities can only be linked to each other by means of relationships in the project system. The work breakdown structure has a purely hierachical structure however.
Automatically Carried Out
The system can checkthe heirachical consisteny co time scheduling within the project and extapolate dates within the project strucure automaticallly on saving using the planning methods "top down" "bottom up " and "strict bottom up."
Which factors can have an influence on the scheduling result of networks?
The transaction used to carry out the scheduling
Relationships to other networks
The control key for the activity
Dates of assigned WBS elements
The work center in activities
Actual Dates Population
The actual dates for a WBS element can only be entered either
Manually
Calculateted by extrapoaltion of actual dates of lower ranked WSB elements
Derivred from the provisional actual dates of assigned activities.
Shift Order Indicator
Controls how actual dates from partial confirmations affect further scheduling runs
Lifecycle of Internal Activities
Progress
Structure
Bottlenecks/Comparison
Analyses
Machines
Persons
External assignment
Work Center
Selection profile
Which data will be evaluated
Control profile
Comparison or evaluation of data?
Time profile
What period will be evaluated?
Evaluation profile
Which requirements do you want to display?
Period profile
Which period do you want to split?
List Profile
Which fields do you want to display?
PDC
Plant Data Collection
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