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Peeps; Whitney Burnell
Terms in this set (123)
The Virginia Company
The Virginia Company were joint stock companies that wanted to create settlements in America. They are significant because they created the first settlement Jamestown.
Headrights were 50 acre of land grants, people already settled got 2 headrights and new settlers got one. It attracted families and also solved labor shortages by gaining indentured servants.
House of Burgesses
House of Burgesses was the government in Virginia and it's significance was that it was the first representative government in the colonies.
Indentured servants were people who needed to serve a punishment so they came to the colonies to work. They were significant because it provided labor.
They settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, they are significant because they wanted to purify the church and increased religious discipline.
They were extreme puritains who wanted to destroy or get away from the church of England. They are the group that wrote the Mayflower Compact which is a very significant document.
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document and it is significant because it set up for further documents in our government such as the Declaration.
The Great Migration
The movement of 6 million africans to the colonies. It was significant because it supplied them with labor since they were running out of indentured servants.
They were the society of friends, they rejected pre-destination. They were significant because they founded Pennsylvania, women had rights, and they were democratic.
England made it to where the colonies could only trade with them. It's significance was that it started showing colonial rebellion when they traded with other colonies.
King Phillips War
It was the last attack of indians trying to get the English settlers out of the colonies. It was significant because it removed the majority of indian power.
It was a protest about protecting frontiers from native american raids. It was significant because it led to popular governor Berkeley and also started more american independence.
Seven Years War
It was a war between England and France and was significant because it took the french out of America and gave other places more territory.
The Middle Passage
The part of the atlantic ocean between west Africa and the west indies that was significant because it was the longest part of the slave trade.
They were put in act to control the large population of slaves. They were significant because they defined their status & made them their owners property.
Toleration Act 1689
It was the act that the colonies put in act concerning the practice of other religions, making it ok to practice what you want. It is significant because it was an incentive for people who came over and wanted to escape from the church.
Each church in the community was self-governing. This was significant because it created diversity and also was the first example of American theocracy.
Albany plan of Union
Definition: An attempt to form the colonies under one government.
Significance: It was the first attempt of uniting the colonies
Treaty of Paris,1763
Definition : A treaty signed to end the revolutionary war
Significance: It ended the war and granted the colonies independence and western boundary to the Mississippi river.
Proclamation of 1763
Definition: Prohibited settlement on indian territory, to split up all the new land won in war
Significance: It made the colonists even more angered with the british
Definition: Leader of Ottawa attacked british settlements and forts, british ended up defeating them.
Significance: First successful rebellion to british forces in out nation
Definition: Scotish- Irishmen who marched in PA to protest quaker tolerance of indians
Significance: It showed bias and was in a political tone
Quebec act, 1764
Definition: It gave catholic French Canadians religious freedom and restored the French form of civil law.
Significance: Extended province of quebec
Definition: A meeting to discuss navigation on Potomac river
Significance: Precedent for continental congress & push for stronger national government
Definition: British can tax the colonies without representation
Significance: It helped the americans realize that they could resist the british
Definition: Written by Thomas Paine about independence and union of america.
Significance: It was written to the people, encouraging them to break from british.
Declaration of Independence
Definition: Letter written to british to declare independence.
Significance: Led to independence and helped us gain alliance with france
Articles of Confederation
Definition: A legal document that gave central government no coercive power over the states or their citizens
Significance: It was the first time the colonies created their national government
Definition: Stayed loyal to british during revolution
Significance:They were targeted are harassed
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Definition: Provided government for the northwest usa.
Significance: It allowed for westward expansion & creation of states.
Definition: Protested foreclosure of farms for debt
Significance: Called for strong central government and later constitution.
The Federalist Papers
Definition: eighty-five essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay in the late 1780s to persuade the voters of New York to adopt the Constitution.
Significance: Presented the ideals of justice, welfare, and individual rights.
Judiciary Act of 1789
Definition: stablished the structure and jurisdiction of the federal court system and created the position of attorney general
Significance: Organized the supreme court
Bank of the United States
Definition: Created by Alexander Hamilton to combine all debts and gain credit
Significance: Common currency, Brought states closer, and strengthened economy.
Neutrality Act of 1793
Definition: By George Washington to stay out of the war between french and british
Significance: Ended all alliances and involvement in european conflict.
Indian Intercourse Act
Definition: Regulated commerce with indians and states could not take their land without purchasing it
Significance: Improved relationship with indians
Definition: Regulated trade with british & settled war debts
Significance: It made americans feel dependent on Britain
Definition: A bribery attempt by French agents in 1797 led the US to the verge of formal war with France.
Significance: Led to Quasi War
Alien & Sedition Acts
Definition: Adams passed this to limit information and to control what people could say about the government
Significance: Lead to Virginia and Kentucky resolutions and violated the first amendment.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Definition: By Jefferson and Madison, they wanted the ability for states to nullify federal laws in states
Significance: Opposition to Alien and Sedition acts
Definition: A land deal between the USA and France that doubled the size of the USA
Significance: The size of the US doubled and he sold it for very cheap.
Judiciary Act, 1801
Definition: An act that reorganized the federal court system by doubling circuits, 16 new positions, and lightened their work load.
Significance: Passed during adams last hours as president because the jeffersonians were against it.
Marbury V. Madison
Definition: Marbury petitioned to the Supreme Court because they withheld his position, but was denied by Chief Justice Marshall b/c it was unconstitutional.
Significance: Established judicial review
Chesapeake/ Leopard act
Definition: British impressed members of an american ship into their service and Americans . in 1813
Significance: Hurt british and us relations and led to war of 1812
Embargo Act, 1807
Definition: act restricted American ships from engaging in foreign trade between 1807-12; imposed by Jefferson. Wanted british to respect americans.
Significance: It hurt more americans than it did french or british
Definition: Secret meeting of Federalist delegates
Significance: Destruction of federalists and continuation of state rights
Definition: A plan to unify the nation by placing a high tariff, maintenance of public land prices, preservation of bank, and system of internal improvements.
Significance: enabled america to become self-sufficent
Tariff of 1816
Definition: Revenue of US to protect Us goods from competition with foreign goods.
Significance: First tariff designed for protection
Definition: demilitarization of the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
Significance: Border between USA and Canada
Definition: Purchase of Florida
Significance: Expansion of borders
Definition: opposed further European colonization of western hemisphere
Significance: Viewed USA as international power
Panic of 1819
Definition: Over speculation of western land brought deflation, depression, bankruptcies, bank failures, and unemployment
Significance: Created lower class
Definition: Maine entered as free state and Missouri entered as slave state.
Significance: Avoided slavery
Definition: Stop spread of slavery in Missouri
Significance: Lead to civil war
McCulloch V. Maryland
Definition: Proved the federal government has implied powers
Significance: State couldn't tax national bank
Dartmouth V. Woodward
Definition: Dartmouth wanted to become a state school instead of a private school.
Significance:greatly encouraged business investment and growth
Gibbons V. Ogden
Definition: Court could regulate interstate commerce
Significance: Court could regulate all trading
Definition: Putting loyal members of your party into office
Significance: Showed influence of party systems
Maysville Road BIll
Definition: Jackson withheld the funding for this road and vetoed the bill
Significance: Showed the government did not support internal improvements.
Definition: Jackson's cabinet
Significance: Jackson used them as his tools
Definition: Henry Clay gave John Quincy Adams his electoral votes, making him president and Clay made him his secretary.
Significance: It determined the presidency, taking away jackson's votes
Definition: Party created to oppose the democrats
Significance: Wasn't successful at all.
Tariff of 1833
Definition: Lowered the tariff to be equal of tariff of 1816.
Significance: Kept the nation together and avoided a war
Tariff of Abominations
Definition: Protest by the south because the tariff favored the north
Significance: Separated north and south
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
Definition: Protest against the Tariff of 1828
Significance: South Carolina wanted to run state affairs
Cherokee nation V. Georgia, 1831
Definition: Cherokees defended against indian removal acts
Significance: Doubted if the Indian removal act was constitutional or not.
Indian Removal Act, 1831
Definition: pushing native americans west
Significance: led to trail of tears and many indian deaths
Trail of Tears
Definition: Relocation of native americans because of indian removal acts
Significance: led to many deaths
Definition: President of bank of the us
Significance: Many people believed he had too much power.
Panic of 1837
Definition: Jackson issued specie circular which caused many banks to collapse
Significance: bankrupt and widespread unemployment.
Second great awakening
Definition: Protestant revival movement in 19th century
Significance: led to diversity in church and social reforms
Nat Turner's rebellion
Definition: slave rebellion in south causing a lot of deaths
Significance: led to more restrictions on laws of blacks
Definition: movement toward importance of nature
Significance: led to new religion
Definition: A utopian town built by transcendentalists
Significance: George ripely started the idea of a utopian community
Commonwealth v. Hunt
Definition: declared unions were unlawful organizations and strike was a lawful weapon
Significance: peaceful strike was legal
Definition: a utopian community for free love
Significance: reflected reformist spirit
Hudson River school
Definition:American art school for painting of nature
Significance: start of public education
Definition: laws that defined the status of slaves
Significance:gave slave owners absolute power
American colonization society
Definition: organization where they sent free blacks back to Libya
Significance: haven for emancipated slaves
Definition: reading in schools
Significance: proposed certain values
Elizabeth cady staton
Definition: leader in women's suffrage movement
Significance: organized Seneca falls
Seneca falls convention
Definition: first convention for women's rights
Significance: made 11 resolutions to help women rights
Definition: created by garrison to express believes about slavery
Significance: first anti slavery newspaper
Definition: to keep power out of immigrants and Catholics
Significance : rise of nativism
Definition: textile factory
Significance: employed women and was very efficient
American system of manufacturers
Definition: used interchangeable parts and sled up manufacturing
Significance: employed women and children
Alexis de Tocqueville
Definition: observed and wrote American democracy
Significance: America was a place for equality
Declaration of sentiments
Definition: used Declaration of Independence to model women's rights
Significance: declared that people were equal
Cult of domesticity
Definition: declared that women had a role in the home as a mother and wife
Significance: argued against equality of women
Definition: expansion of us territory
Significance: it took over half of Indians land
Definition: they wanted to stop expansion of slavery in new territories
Significance: foreshadowed emergence of republican party
Definition: formed to oppose slavery
Significance: formed free solid party
Republic of Texas
Definition:created in 1836 and wasn't recognized until after battle of San Jacinto
Significance: led to Texas joining usa
Webster-ash burton treaty: 1842
Definition: treaty settling northwest borders between British and USA
Significance: brought up question of slavery
Bear flag revolt
Definition: revolt against Mexicans in California territory
Significance: USA gained California
Treaty of Guadeloupe hidalgo
Definition: ended Mexican American war
Significance:gained a lot of Mexican territory
Mexican American war
Definition: conflict over usa's annexation of Texas
Significance : USA gained land from Texas to California
54' 40' or fight
Definition : slogan used to describe the want to gain Oregon territory
Significance : line of latitude where they wanted to make the border
Definition: prevent slavery in Mexican cession
Significance: transformed debate of slavery
Dred Scott v Sanford
Definition: slave sued for freedom since he had lived on free soil
Significance: wasn't allowed to sue since he was property
Compromise of 1850
Definition: set of laws addressing slave issues
Significance : California was free, no dc slave trade, fugitive slave law passed, popular sovereignty
Definition: followed free soil principles and a protective tariff
Significance : anti slavery
Definition:wanted Cuba to gain slave territory and balance house
Significance: created more sectional tension
Definition:people hold authority in government
Significance: let new settlers decide on slavery in their state
Uncle toms cabin
Definition: written by Harriet Beecher Stowe to tell about slavery
Significance: increased abolitionists and led to more sectional tension
Legal tender act of 1862
Definition: Authorized the use of paper notes to pay the government's bills
significance: ended policy of using silver and gold
National bank tariff of 1863
definition: system of national charters for the bank
significance: encourage development of national currency
homestead act of 1862
definition: providing settlers 160 acres of public land
significance: encouraged western migration
Morrill (Land Grant )Act, 1862
definition: provided each state with 30,000 acres of Federal land for each member in their Congressional delegation
Significance: fund public agricultural colleges
definition: blockade of southern ports
significance: north was a stronger power
Battle of Viksburg
definition: took over a city entrapping confederate troops
significance: split confederacy in half
definition: establihsed public education, and ensure the rights or free people; strongly promoted free blacks and black suffrage
significance: wanted to democratize the south
definition: All slaves in rebelling states were freed
significance: cut off confederate states west of the river
definition: northerners who sided with the south
significance: posed a threat to lincolns reelection
definition: provided food, clothing, and education to freemen
significance: taught many blacks how to read, a mini welfare organization
definition: wanted to join southern states back into the union
significance: the southerners resented it, but created a whole union
definition: outlawed slavery
significance: wasn't enforced well and southerners were mad
definition: granted citizenship to blacks
significance: confederate officials could not hold office positions
definition:stated all americans could vote
significance: blacks could vote
KKK act 1871
definition: stopped some of the Klu Klux Klan in the south
significance: not many efforts were made to stop them
definition: white northerners in the south in favor of agriculture
significance: wanted to use southern resources
definition: native whites in the south
Significance: loyalists during war
compromise of 1877
definition: deal that settled the election of 1876 between hayes and tilden
significance: hayes becomes president and troops are removed from the south
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