1.3.3 The Cell Cycle
Terms in this set (21)
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell
A group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
Programmed cell death
Microtubules and fibers that radiate out from the centrioles
Generates microtubules; organizes mitotic spindle
Each half of the chromosome
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Nucleic acid found in all living cells; carries the organism's hereditary information
A very long part of the cell cycle; cell grows in size and chromosomes are duplicated
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
The division of the cell nucleus; often followed by division of the cytoplasm of a cell
The structure that separates sister chromatids during mitosis
A dense central body in most cells containing the genetic material of the cell
Chromosomes become visible, nuclear envelope dissolves, spindle forms
The nucleic acid that contains ribose; acts in protein synthesis
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
The RNA component of the ribosome, and is essential for protein synthesis
Final phase of mitosis during which new cells prepare for their own independent existence
The process of making a copy of genetic information stored in a DNA strand into a complementary strand of RNA (messenger RNA or mRNA) with the aid of RNA polymerases.
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Transfers appropriate amino acids to the ribosome for building the protein
The process of making proteins using the transcribed mRNA and ribosomes.
3 bases of DNA that code for a single amino acid
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