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US History 2 Final Review
US History 2 Terms
Terms in this set (94)
Name given to parts of the Great Plains in the 1930s after severe drought stuck in the region.
US Senator from Louisiana who wanted to take from the rich and give to the poor.
Radio talks broadcasted by FDR.
New York governor who won the election of 1932. President during the Great Depression and WW2
New Deal agency created in 1933 to insure bank deposits.
Civilian Conservation Corps- New Deal agency established in 1933, employed young men on conservation projects.
Tennessee Valley Authority- New Deal program est. in 1933; built dams and power stations to provide hydroelectric power and flood control to the Tennessee River Valley.
New Deal Supreme Court
Rejected some of FDR's programs.
1941-Pledge signed by US President FDR and a British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of World War 2 and to work for peace after the war.
Dec 7th, 1941
Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
National policy of avoiding involvement in the affairs of other nations.
Russian Army during WW2.
Battle of Stalingrad
Turning point in WW2 where Soviets beat Germany.
General who defended the Philippines.
Allies landed here on D-Day, June 6th, 1944.
1945-1991- Long power struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union, waged mostly on economic and political fronts rather than on the battlefield.
Countries controlled by the Soviet Union.
US foreign policy followed during the Cold War that sought to prevent the expansion of Soviet communism.
European Recovery Program, US program of giving money to European countries to help them rebuild their economies after WW2.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; alliance formed in 1949 by the US, Western European nations, and other countries to help defend each other in case of attack.
WW2 hero chosen as presidential candidate in 1952 and won.
1947- President Harry S. Truman's policy stating that the United States would help any country fighting against communism.
Issued in Jan. 1957, Eisenhower offered military aid to any Middle Eastern nation seeking help in resisting communist aggression.
The world's first artificial satellite, launched by the Soviet Union in 1957.
Plessy VS. Ferguson
1896- Supreme Court case that established the "separate but equal" doctrine for public facilities.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People- Group founded by the W.E.B Du Bois and others in 1909 to end racial discrimination.
Federal program created in 1965 to provide free health care to the needy.
Federal health insurance program for people over the age of 65; created in 1965.
Ran against Kennedy in 1960 and lost.
Able to get Kennedy's bills passed and was Kennedy's running mate.
Election of 1960
Republican Nixon ran against Democratic Kennedy. Kennedy won.
Gideon VS. Wainright
Declared that the states must provide lawyers at public expense, for poor defendants charged with serious crimes.
Miranda VS. Arizona
1966- The accused persons must be informed of their rights at the time of their arrest.
Bay of Pigs
Group of anti-Castro Cuban refugees were to invade Cuba. Resulted in disaster.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1962- Standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union in which the Soviets agreed to remove missiles from Cuba if the United States promised not to invade the island, followed by an easing of Cold War tensions.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee- Student organization formed in 1960 to coordinate civil rights demonstrations and to provide training for protests.
FBI director who organized counter intelligence programs to block the activities of black nationalist and civil rights groups.
Banned the protest march for voting rights from Selma to Montgomery.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Led the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to end discrimination.
Brown VS. Board
1954- Supreme court case that declared "separate but equal" public schools unconstitutional.
National Organization for Women- Tried to influence and ensure social and economic equality for women.
Roe VS. Wade
The court overturned a state law limiting women's access to abortion during the first 3 months of pregnancy.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Banned discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Senator of New York who was the brother of slain President JFK and a former US attorney general.
Ho Chi Minh
Led the Vietnamese fight for independence.
War Powers Act (1973)
Legislation that reaffirmed Congress constitutional power to declare war, set a 60 day limit on the presidential commitment of US troops to foreign conflicts.
Kent State University
4 anti-discrimination protests occured here.
Secret government documents published in 1971, revealed that the US government has mislead Americans about the Vietnam War.
Scandal in which President Nixon authorized the cover-up of a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters, led to Nixons resignation in 1974.
President from 1945-1953, who faced the decision to drop the atomic bomb. He proceeded.
Former Georgia governor who won the election of 1976.
Leader of the Soviet Union in 1985.
Various conservative voters groups that grew in strength in the 1980s.
A militant Islamic leader, forced the shah to flee Iran. Carter/Reagan Era
Rebel leader who led an uprising that succeeded in overthrowing the Cuban dictator in 1959.
American Indian protest that turned into a massacre in South Dakota.
NAACP field secretary who was killed by a white assassin.
The growth of the Nation of Islam during the 1950s was in part of Malcolm X.
A pre-school education program for low-income families.
Lee Harvey Oswald
Shot and killed President JFK. Was later shot by nightclub owner Jack Ruby.
Communist Part leader who made reforms that gave land to peasants.
An atomic bomb was dropped on the city killing 75,000 people.
Meeting of US President FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to plan for the postwar world.
Forced relocation and imprisonment of Japanese Americans in WW2.
Major death camp in Poland during the Holocaust.
Rock concert near Woodstock, NY that marked the high point of the counterculture era.
Tet Offensive (1968)
Attack by North Vietnamese and Vietcong troops against South Vietnam during Tet, the Vietnamese New Year; demonstrated that the North Vietnamese were still militarily strong.
Black Panther Party
Political organization formed in the 1960's that called for empowerment of and defense for African Americans.
A group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation.
Special group led by Chief Justice Earl Warren to investigate the assassination of JFK.
G.I. Bill (1944)
Servicemens readjustment act, est. pensions and government loans to veterans for education, businesses, or to buy houses or farms.
Program begun by JFK to send volunteers to work in developing nations for two years.
First US satellite in space.
Group of film directors and writers who went to jail rather than answer questions from the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Marked the formal end of a brutal war that had held Europe in its grip for more than 5 years.
War Production Board
WW2 agency that was in charge of converting factories to war production.
Secret US project begun in 1942 to develop an atomic bomb.
US WW2 strategy of conquering only the Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan.
Social Security Act (1935)
Law that provides retirement pensions, unemployment insurance, and payments to people with disabilities and widows and children of male workers who had died.
President FDR's programs for helping the US economy during the Great Depression.
Nominated by Nixon for Vice President.
Astronaut who landed Apollo 11 on the moon in 1969.
1898 war that began when the United States demanded Cuba's independence from Spain
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Railroad connecting the west and east coasts of the continental US
1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to citizens willing to live on and cultivate it for five years
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.
Laissez - Faire
idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs
War between North and South Vietnam in order to prevent South Vietnam from becoming communist
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.
Established the direct election of senators (instead of being chosen by state legislatures)
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
Gave women the right to vote
1913 - central banking system of the US - created by the Federal Reserve Act -
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