36 terms

Political Geography Test

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State
A politically organized territory with a permanent population, and a recognized government.
Country
Same thing as a state.
Amount of countries in the world today
About 200.
Nation
A group of people that share a common ancestry or common homeland.
Soverighty
Having full power or authority of rule in a country or complete independence of control by another country.
Nationalism
Having loyalty or devotion to a particular nationality or country.
State-less Nation
Do not have their own state or a nation of people without their own country.
Nation-state
A country/state where the political boundaries match the boundaries of the nation.
Multinational State
A country that is made of people from many nations.
Centripetal Force
Anything that unites or brings people together within a country.
Centrifugal Force
A force (idea, attitude, feature) that divides people.
Boundaries
Lines that mark ownership of a territory.
Physical Boundary
Uses natural features such as a river or mountain to mark a territory.
Geometric Boundary
Uses mathematical lines such as latitude and longitude created by humans to define a territory.
Law of the Sea
A country's boundaries extend 12 nautical miles from the coast into oceans and every coastal country has an exclusive economic zone extending 200 nautical miles from shore.
Metes and Bounds system
Used physical features such as trees, lakes and rivers to mark boundaries.
Long Lot System
Used a series of long lines that stretch off of a river or in later time periods off of roads.
Public Land Survey
Divided the land into a series of rectangles based on lines of longitude.
Colony
A group of people who left their native land to settle in a new area, but were still ruled by the area they left.
Age Of Exploration
European countries set out to find new trade routes and explore the world.
Colonization
The process of establishing settlements in a territory to impose political, economic, or cultural control.
Indirect Rule
Relied on existing political leaders from the culture to enforce rules.
Colonize
Exert control over large areas of the world because of their geography.
Voting Districts
Voting boundaries.
Redistricting
Process of redrawing electoral boundaries to ensure that districts have the same population size.
Compact
A state that posses a roughly circular shape from which the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions.
Contiguity
Voting districts must be one contiguous shape, there can be parts that are separated physically from the rest of the district.
Population Equality
All districts must have roughly the same number of voters. While these numbers change as the overall population increases or decreases, currently the number is between 640,000-650,000 people.
Gerrymandering
The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Enclave
an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it
Elongated State
A state whose territory is long and narrow in shape.
Perforated State
Countries that completely surround another country.
Prorupted State
Countries that have a portion of land extending out from the main area.
Fragmented State
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
Landlocked
Almost entirely surrounded by land. No coastal access.
Exclave
a part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.