Political Geography Test
Terms in this set (36)
A politically organized territory with a permanent population, and a recognized government.
Same thing as a state.
Amount of countries in the world today
A group of people that share a common ancestry or common homeland.
Having full power or authority of rule in a country or complete independence of control by another country.
Having loyalty or devotion to a particular nationality or country.
Do not have their own state or a nation of people without their own country.
A country/state where the political boundaries match the boundaries of the nation.
A country that is made of people from many nations.
Anything that unites or brings people together within a country.
A force (idea, attitude, feature) that divides people.
Lines that mark ownership of a territory.
Uses natural features such as a river or mountain to mark a territory.
Uses mathematical lines such as latitude and longitude created by humans to define a territory.
Law of the Sea
A country's boundaries extend 12 nautical miles from the coast into oceans and every coastal country has an exclusive economic zone extending 200 nautical miles from shore.
Metes and Bounds system
Used physical features such as trees, lakes and rivers to mark boundaries.
Long Lot System
Used a series of long lines that stretch off of a river or in later time periods off of roads.
Public Land Survey
Divided the land into a series of rectangles based on lines of longitude.
A group of people who left their native land to settle in a new area, but were still ruled by the area they left.
Age Of Exploration
European countries set out to find new trade routes and explore the world.
The process of establishing settlements in a territory to impose political, economic, or cultural control.
Relied on existing political leaders from the culture to enforce rules.
Exert control over large areas of the world because of their geography.
Process of redrawing electoral boundaries to ensure that districts have the same population size.
A state that posses a roughly circular shape from which the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions.
Voting districts must be one contiguous shape, there can be parts that are separated physically from the rest of the district.
All districts must have roughly the same number of voters. While these numbers change as the overall population increases or decreases, currently the number is between 640,000-650,000 people.
The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it
A state whose territory is long and narrow in shape.
Countries that completely surround another country.
Countries that have a portion of land extending out from the main area.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
Almost entirely surrounded by land. No coastal access.
a part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.