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8th Grade English Mid-Term Exam Review
Terms in this set (55)
used to destinguish dialogue or the exact words of someone
Tag in beginning
Mr. romero asked, "Is Australia a continent?"
-comma after tag
-start quotes with capital letter after
-add punctuation ( . ! ?) then end quotes
Tag at the end
"Yes," replied Lauren.
-comma after speach in quotes
-end with punctuation
Tag at the middle
"Here, said Kim, "is Tasmania."
-first part of sentence then comma
-add tag end with comma
-start quotes finish sentence with punctuation and ending quotes
One sentence divided quote
-don't capitalize first letter in quotes after tag
-only one period at end
-use commas before and after the tag
EX: "Here," he said, "is a picture of two birds."
Two sentence divided quote
-period at the end of 1st sentence
-capitalize the 1st letter of the second sentence
EX: "Here is Tasmania," she said. "It is off the coast of Australia."
Two ways to punctuate with question marks
1. "Where is Tasmania?" said Kim.
-? goes inside teh quotes becasue the speakers exact words are a question
2. Did Denise say, "It is near Australia"?
-the question is in the tag
- the question is outside the quotes
-not speakers exact words
-look for the word that
EX: Mr. Bruno said that thirty-five tickest equals a recess.
expresses one complete idea
EX: I ate food.
includes two or more simple subjects or predicates or both
EX: Madi and Kaecee ate food. or They ate food and made a snack for later.
connects words with simmilar meanings
For- I went to school, for it is my job
pairs, more precise strong or emphasis
-not only... but also...
a sentence that includes one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
-has subject & verb
-can't stand alone
-dependant needs help
-can stand alone
-a group of words that has a subject and a verb
-two clauses are joined
EX: If I get my homework done, I can bake.
If clause comes first add comma between clause
Three ways to fix a run-on sentence
1. divide it into separate sentences by using end punctuation and a capital letter
2. Rewrite it as a compound sentence using a comma and a conjunction
3. rewrite it as a complex sentence using a subordinating conjunction
Ways to fix a sentence Fragment
-complete the thought by adding a subject or predicate
EX: Went to the lake. - We went to the lake.
words that describe, make your writing interesting,colorful (word choice)
-adjectives and adverbs
a part of speach that modifies a noun or pronoun
Questions Adjectives answer
What Adjectives modify
- modify a noun or pronoun
-specific and capitalized
EX: American cheese, French fries
-always and adjective
-the, a, an
The shirt, a bag, an apple
-refers to a specific person place or thing,
EX: the red folder
-can refer to any person place or thing
EX: a book
-follow a linking verb
EX: Mrs. Tessmer is tall.
comparing with Adjectives
using adjectives to compare two or more people, places or things
describes one subject
EX: Mrs. Tessmer is tall.
-compares 2 people/things
EX: Mrs. Tessmer is taller than Andrew.
- compares 3 or more people/thing
EX: Mrs. Tessmer is the tallest of the three.
spelling rules adj
much vs. many
much- use with uncountable things
many- use with countable things
few vs. less
few- use with countable things
less- use with uncountable things
many end in ly
questions advebs answer
-To what extent?
What adverbs modify
-verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs
-adverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs
EX: very, quite, so
position of adverbs
Thoughtfuly, I read the book.
adverb at the begining gets a comma
I thoughtfuly read the book.
I read the book thoughtful.
Adverbs that change meaning when moved: almost, hardly, nearly, only, even, just, merely, scaredly
Comparing with adverbs
using adverbs to compare adjectives, verbs or other adverbs
modifies one verb or adverb
compares two verbs or adverbs
Compares 3 or more verbs or adverbs
Farther vs. Further
Farther- refers to physical distance
furthest- refers to anythign but distance
a word that means no or not (n't)
adverbs make verb negative
-change one to positive if double negative
Adjectives vs. Adverbs
Adverbs- modifiy verbs, adjectives, other adverbs
Adjectives- modify nouns or pronouns
Good vs. Well
I played well in teh football game.
The good baseball player hit a home run.
well is an adj. when talking about health
Real vs. really
real-adj His concerns were real.
really- adv I really like pizza.
a way to determine adj. and adv. in sentences
a way to make writing interesting. and not boring
use different word choice instead of basic words that may mean the same thing
describe items, scenes, and people with great detail to make interesting writing
Organising a description
use spacial order to organise details in a story based on the location of things
comparisons that use the words like or as
says that one thing is another
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