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Terms in this set (73)
Central place in the city / market place
art of using language to persuade someone of the truth
goddess of victory
What was required to be an Athenian citizen?
You had to be a free male, 18 years old, non slave, and have two Athenian parents
What was the purpose of Athenian education? How did they prepare young men?
to produce good citizens who would chose good laws and produce a good city state.
What was Spartan education's purpose? How did they prepare young men?
To prepare them for war. They did it by starving and neglecting, and beating them.
Why was Socrates thrown in jail and killed?
He was in prison " by corrupting the youth"
the dead go to the underworld and the soul must cross the River Styx- pay charon 2 gold coins, then passby cerberus, three headed dog- give a cake. Bury the dead with 2 gold coins and cake in hand.
Began as a festival to Zeus, developed into a celebration of the human beauty.
Greek city states always feuding Series of wars between Persia and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC.
431-404 BC ancient Greek War fought by Athens and its empire against the Pelopponnesian League led by Sparta
A group of Greek city states led by Athens to free eastern Greek cities from Persian rule. All cities paid $ for defense
Golden Age of Athens
The Greeks felt great pride after defeating the Persians from 479 BC to 431 BC. This was a proud time for the Athenians, a time of culture, arts, philosophy, architecture, paintings, plays and wealth
cruel and oppressive leader who takes power by force
government by the people/many
government by a small group of rich men
government by a king or queen
rich land owners
the greater number
a military operation in which enemy forces surround a city and cut off supplies
a contagious disease
thinkers who ponder the questions of life
the king of Persia; led a series of wars against Greece
Athenian general who defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon
the Spartan king who famously led a small band of Greek allies at the Battle of Thermopylae
King of the Persian empire. In the Biblical book of Esther; fought against Greece to get revenge for his father
An Athenian general whose emphasis on naval power and military skills were instrumental during the Persian wars
3 times olympic chariot race champ, likeable, capable general. He was mischevious, betrayed Athens/Sparta/Persia
becomes a wanderer in the agora, seeks wisdom, talks to wisest men in Greece; taught by using questions; arrested and killed for corrupting the youth of Athen
Socrates greatest student, wrote most of socrates dialogues, starts school in Athens, The Academy, lats 900 years
Platos student and Greece's greatest thinker; taught that people needed to find balance in life; moderation based on reason
Alexander the Great
He was a commander in the army at age 16, king at 20 and by 30 had conquered most of the lands between Greece and India
Battle of Marathon
490 BC; legendary foot race gets it name from this battle
Battle of Thermopylae
480- where the Greeks defended a pass through which the Persian king Xerxes sought to invade Greece with his massive army.
Battle of Salamis
480 BC; naval battle where the Greeks tricked the Persians
Battle of Platea
479 BC--ended the Persian Wars
greatest historian of ancient times
tallest mountain in Greece; legendary home of the gods
the spread of Greek ideas to other parts of the world
stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works
one of the largest city states; known for having the first democracy
body of land surrounded by water on three sides
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land
dramatist who used painted scenery and three actors to tell a story
region to the north of Greece; Alexander was from here
oath that doctors take to do no harm
one of the greatest political leaders in Athens during its golden age; encouraged people to take pride in their city; died during the plague
early culture in Greece that brought iron weapons to the region
one of the largest city states; known for warfare
Greek City State
large building in Athens built to honor Athena
seat to the east of Greece where most of their islands lay
time of advances in philosophy, citizenship, art and architecture
blind poet who entertained Greeks with the Illiad and the Odyssey
Island the Minoans lived on
Minoan palaces were known for having these
running water, mazes, indoor plumbing
were held starting in 776 BC to honor the gods
patron goddess of Athens; goddess of wisdom and war
Macedonian king who conquered Greek city states; later assassinated at his daughters wedding
group of warriors standing close together in a large square
device used to hurl projectiles over large distances
accurately estimated Pi; also developed a water pump device named after him
this town was destroyed by Alexander the Great because they rebelled against him
city built in Egypt by Alexander; known for his library and lighthouse
story about the battle between Troy and Greece
written by Homer; about Odysseus' 10 year journey home from the Trojan War
early culture on mainland Greece that had a direct impact on Greek Culture and society
short stories that teach a lesson
Greeks visited the Oracle at Delphi to speak to him
Greek famous for his fables
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP World History Period 4
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