Unit 4 Terms: "Launching the New Republic" Content Vocabulary

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George Washington
This person's farewell address warned the country about "spirit of party" and getting entangled in foreign alliances.
Thomas Jefferson
A Republican, he had an optimistic outlook for the country, wanted to expand voting rights, and favored states' rights.
Alexander Hamilton
A Federalist who favored a strong central government, he thought that the best people to run the country were the educated and wealthy class.
The French Revolution
The Republicans saw this as a great crusade for Democracy. Federalists saw it as an attack on the wealthy.
The Whiskey Rebellion
The response of sending 13,000 state militia troops to put down a resistance caused Jefferson to believe that Hamilton and the Federalists were willing to violate people's liberties.
The Monroe Doctrine
Stated that the nations of North and South America were "free and independent" and were "not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers."
Tecumseh
Became an ally with Great Britain during the war of 1812.
Jacksonian Democracy
Under this president, the idea emerged that common people should control the government.
The Kitchen Cabinet
President Jackson's personal advisers of trusted friends and political supporters who frequently met in the kitchen (hence their name).
The Indian Removal Act
Urged by Andrew Jackson, Congress passed this act in 1830 allowing the president to make treaties in which Native Americans in the East traded their lands for new territory on the Great Plains.
The Trail of Tears
A forced removal and march of 17,000 Cherokee Indians west to the Indian Territory by federal soldiers, with over 4,000 Indians dying along this terrible journey.
Cherokees
One of five Native American tribes that lived east of the Mississippi River; they adopted many aspects of white culture, such as farming and reading and writing, even making their own alphabet, newspaper, and constitution.
The Corp of Discovery
An expedition In 1804, led by Lewis and Clark, along with their Shoshone guide Sacagawea, to explore and map the newly purchased Luisiana Territory.
Louisiana Purchase
In 1803, the United States gained new territory from the French. Located to the west of the Mississippi, the newly acquired land doubled the size of the U.S. territory.
Alien Sedition Acts
Four laws passed by the Federalists under the presidency of John Adams, targeting immigrants who tended to vote Republican. These laws, among other things, allowed the president to jail or deport "alien" immigrants who might be a threat to the nation.
Monroe Doctrine
A policy of preventing any future colonization of the Americas by a European power.
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