Diseases and Disorders
Terms in this set (98)
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin (pustules)
Chronic disease of middle aged persons with elongation and enlargement of bones or extremties
Syndrome of opportunistic infections that occur as the final stage of HIV
Chronic, organic mental disorder, a form of pre-senile dementia due to atrophy of the frontal neuron.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Syndrome marked by muscular weakness/spasticity/hyperflexia; Lou Gerhig's Disease
Localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel-usually an artery-due to congenital defect/weakness
Inability of the red bone marrow to produce RBC's which have been destroyed
Inflammation of the vermiform appendix
Fatty, porridge like buildup of plaque within the lumen of a blood vessel that reduces the vessel diameter.
Form of arteriosclerosis which is characterized by the formation of fatty plaques in the arteries
Inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Slow growing, destructive tumor. Occurs mostly in people over 40, fair-skinned and blonde
Leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States
Abnormal loss of transparency of the lens
Non-progressive form of paralysis resulting from developmental defects in the brain or birth trauma
Cancer of the Uterine Cervix
Most common of the sexually transmitted diseases
Chronic disease of the liver characterized by the formation of dense connective tissue in hepatic cells
Malignant neoplasm of the colon or rectum
Loss of hearing related to the impairment of the conduction of sound waves through the ear
Congenital condition due to lack of thyroid secretion; arrested physical & mental development
Inflammation of the bladder usually occurring secondary to ascending urinary tract infections
Pressure sore or bed sore, it is an unclear, initially of the skin, due to prolonged pressure
Polyuria and Polydipsia caused by inadequate secretion of of ADH by the posterior pituitary gland
Chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism with hyperglycemia and glycosuria; deficient insulin
Condition of being abnormally small
Chronic pulmonary disease characterized by increase in the size of the alveolar clusters.
Presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus
Recurrent paroxysmal disorder of cerebral function with sudden brief attacks of altered conscious.
Chronic pain in muscles and soft tissues surrounding joints
Breaking of a bone
Concretion formed in the gallbladder or bile duct.
Infection of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa.
Wart of the genitalia caused by the Human Papilloma Virus
Hypersecretion of GH during childhood resulting in a person who grows to a very large size
Abnormally high intraocular pressure due to a build-up of aqueous humor inside the ant. chamber.
Form of nephritis in which the lesions primarily involve the glomeruli.
Specific, contagious, inflammation of the genital mucous membrane caused by bacterium
Results from the abnormal destruction of erythrocytes.
Hemolytic disease of a Newborn
This disease occurs in the fetus if the fetus if Rh+ while the mother is Rh-
Hereditary blood disease with greatly increased coagulation time due to lack of clotting factors.
Decrease in the amount of circulating RBC's lost because of hemorrhage or bleeding.
Highly contagious form of hepatitis and is transmitted by the fecal-oral route.
Highly contagious form of hepatitis, transmitted by the direct exchange of contaminated blood.
Rupture or herniation of the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc.
Human Papilloma Virus
Virus that includes more than 100 types, over 30 of which are sexually transmitted.
Condition in which the patient has a higher blood pressure than that judged to be normal.
Excessive production of thyroid hormones to increase metabolism.
Swelling condition resulting from hypofunction of the thyroid gland
Inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection
Inability to retain urine, feces, or semen through the loss of sphincter control.
Acute, contagious respiratory infection characterized by sudden onset, fever, chills, headache.
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Body is deficient of iron which impairs the body's ability to make normal hemoglobin.
Calculus or crystaline masses present in the pelvis of the kidney.
Results in many immature WBC's which are unable to carry out their immunological function.
Cancer that develops in the wall of the epithelium of the bronchial tree.
Distorted vision or blindness due to growth of new blood vessels over the macula lutea.
This is a tumor that grows from the melanocytes.
Highly communicable disease characterized by spots on the buccal mucosa/maculopapular eruptions
Middle Ear Infection
Infection of the small, air filled cavity in the temporal bone.
Presence of abnormally high number of mononuclear leukocytes in the blood.
Inflammatory disease of the central nervous system; myelin sheath is degenerated around nerves.
Acute, contagious, febrile disease characterized by inflammation of the parotid and salivary glands.
Defect in the cusp of a heart valve results in the leakage of blood though the closed valve.
a hereditary condition marked by progressive weakening and wasting of the muscles.
Condition caused by a partial or complete occlusion of one or more coronary arteries.
Abnormal amount of body fat.
Chronic disease of weight bearing joints; destruction of articular cartilage, bone spurs, impairment.
A condition in which the body's bones become weak and break easily.
Cancer of the ovaries.
A disorder of the central nervous system that affects movement, often including tremors.
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body.
Inflammation of the lungs resulting in fluid build up within alveoli and lowered gas exchange
Increase in the number of erythrocytes in the blood.
Loss of elasticity of the lens due to advancing age with resulting inability to focus clearly on objects
Cancer of the prostate; second most common form of cancer among men in the United States.
Failure of the kidneys to perform their essential functions.
Acute infectious disease resembling both scarlet fever and measles but has a short course.
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
Deafness resulting from damage to the nerves or to the Organ of Corti.
Pain in the anterior compartment of the tibia.
Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well or virtually well infant.
A birth defect in which a developing baby's spinal cord fails to develop properly.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
This is an invasive tumor with a potential for spreading. It arises from the epidermal layer.
Imbalance in the extrinsic muscles of the eye that produces a squint
Infectious, chronic venereal disease characterized by marked lesions on any organ or tissue.
Trauma to a muscle or the musculo-tendinous units from violent contraction or excessive stretch.
A cancerous lump or swelling in the testicle, a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
Acute infectious disease due to toxin growing anaerobically at the site of injury.
Ringing in the ears
Sexually transmitted disease that causes persistent redness, burning, and itching of the vulva.
Infectious disease characterized by inflammatory infiltrations, formation of tubercles, necrosis, etc.
Open sore or lesion of the skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of tissue.
Urinary tract infections
Infection of the urinary tract- kidney's, ureters, bladder, urethra
Sensation of spinning movement in which the world is revolving or the person is revolving in space
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