term given to the time period between the 1870s and early 1900s highlighting the opulence and corruption of the times.
Political Cartoonist best known for exposing the corrupt political practices of the Tammany Hall political machine
William M. Tweed
leader of the Tammany Hall political machine that dominate NY politics in the 1860s- 1870s
Winner of the 1884 "rum, romanism, and rebellion" Presidential election.
Republican president that took advantage of pro-tariff sentiments to unseat Grover Cleveland (if only temporarily)
Scottish immigrant who built an empire on the cheap production of steel.
Oil tycoon known for his ruthless approach to horizontal integration of the industry.
leader of the "Half-Breed" Republicans. Narrowly defeated by Cleveland.
Ulysses S. Grant
brilliant general turned politician whose presidency became mired in corruption and ineptitude.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Winner of the disputed Election of the 1876
term for the racial segregation of the 1890s
William Jennings Bryan
eloquent young Congressman from Nebraska who become the most prominent advocate of free silver in the early 1890s
wealthy financier and business consolidator. Bought Carnegie Steel company in 1901.
Jim Fisk and Jay Gould
mastermind of an 1869 gold cornering scheme that almost succeeded.
President whose assassination sparked a new round of Civil Service reform
inventive genius who worked on devices such as the electric light, the phonograph, and the motion picture.
Alexander Graham Bell
inventor of the telephone
leader of the Knights of Labor
leader of the American Federation of Labor
consolidated many eastern railroads into his transportation empire. Before the Civil War he had dominated the ocean going shipping industry in the US before shifting to RRs.
James Buchanan Duke
Wealthy southern industrialists whose development of mass produced cigarettes allowed him to build a tobacco monopoly.
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