15 terms

3 - India and Central Asia 500-1300 CE unit vocabulary

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ascetic
practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and especially spiritual discipline
benign
not harmful in effect; kind and/or gentle
caste
one of the hereditary social classes in Hinduism that restrict the occupation of their members and their association with the members of other classes; a system of rigid social stratification characterized by hereditary status, marriage within the group, and social barriers enforced by custom, law, or religion
constrain
to force by imposed restriction or limitation; to hold back by or as if by force
dharma
Hinduism : an individual's caste duty fulfilled by observance of custom or law; Hinduism & Buddhism a : the basic principles of cosmic or individual existence : divine law b : staying true to one's duty and nature
ethical
relating to a set of moral principles or values
inherent
existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute.
karma
the force generated by a person's actions held in Hinduism and Buddhism to keep reincarnation going and in its ethical consequences to determine the nature of the person's next existence
mystical
having a spiritual meaning or reality that is neither apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence; inspiring a sense of spiritual mystery, awe, and fascination.
nirvana
the final ending that destroys suffering, karma, and negative attachment. It is sought especially in Buddhism through getting rid of desire and individual consciousness; escape from the cycle of rebirth
prescribe
state authoritatively or as a rule that (an action or procedure) should be carried out.
proscribe
forbid, especially by law.
reincarnation
rebirth in new bodies or forms of life; especially : a rebirth of a soul in a new human body
subordinate
[adjective] placed in or occupying a lower class, rank, or position; [verb] to treat as of less value or importance
sufi
a Muslim mystic (often ascetic), usually a follower of some previous holy Muslim teacher; generally Sunni, though the traditional also exists in Shia Islam