Alsike clover and red clover MOA
hepatotoxicity and secondary photosensitization in horses only, hepatic encephalopathy
Avocado MOA in goats, horses, rabbits, and caged birds
Avocado MOA in horses, goats and rabbits
noninfectious mastitis and agalactia
Black walnut MOA
Moldy alfalfa, red clover, moldy wheat MOA
primary and secondary photosensitization
Grape and raisin MOA
acute renal failure only in dogs
Lily family MOA
nephrotoxicity only in cats; GI in cats and dogs
Red maple MOA
dried leaves: hemolytic anemia, hemoglobinemia, heinz body formation in horses
Senna (coffee, sicklepod) MOA
skeletal muscle myopathy, cardiomyopathy, cathartic
Yellow starthistle/russian knapweed MOA
equine nigropallidal encephalomalacia or chewing dz
Yellow starthistle/russian knapweed c/s
sudden onset of inability to eat or drink, drowsiness interrupted by excitation, head down, and dehydration
Macademia nuts c/s
weakness, esp in hind limbs, depression, ataxia, tremors, hyperthermia, lameness, recumbency, vomiting, colic, diarrhea, pale mm; full recovery in 2 days
Plants causing mechanical injury
cactus family, agave family, jimsonweed seed pods, cocklebur seed pods
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.