American History 1 - Unit 1 Part 2: Colonial America
Vocabulary from chapter 1 sections 3, 4, and 5 focuses on Colonial America and the life of the colonial American.
Terms in this set (28)
The first permanent English settlement in the Americas. It was established by the Virginia Company of London on May 14, 1607.
Virginia Indian nation, or group of tribes which helped the Jamestown colony to succeed.
A grant of land given to colonists willing to cross the Atlantic. The settlers received 50 acres of land per person
Wealthy Puritan lawyer and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colonists. He led 1000 settlers to Mass Bay in 1630..
People who have unpopular religious beliefs, especially in Mass Bay-New England. They were often exiled or executed.
Established the colony of Providence Plantation (Rhode Island). A Baptist who believed in "Separation of Church and State."
A Mass Bay colonist considered a heretic and exiled for holding bible meetings and speaking her opinion. ( Women were not allowed to do that. ) Also helped to establish Rhode Island during her exile.
Charles I & Charles II
Kings who pushed for the creation of colonies during the early colonial period. The father was beheaded in a revolt, but his son was reinstated as King.
A debt bondage contract where poor Englishmen earned a trip to America, in exchange for 7 years of servitude.
A Jamestown area colonist who led a rebellion of back-country farmers against corruption and set fire to Jamestown.
Gatherings developed in New England where citizens created policies and laws to govern themselves and discuss civic issues.
An economic system where trade laws are designed to directly benefit the mother country over colonial settlements.
English Bill of Rights
A document which the English Parliament forced King William and Queen Mary to sign which outlined the right's of Englishmen.
A puritan, colonial scientist, writer, and all around philosopher who used a method of inoculation to fight the small-pox virus.
A set of regulations developed in 1705 by the Virginia colony to regulate the emerging system of slavery in America.
An uprising of run-away servants and slaves and their Indian allies along the Georgia and Florida border.
A philosophical belief of the enlightenment period based on a logical, commonsense approach to explaining the world.
An enlightenment writer who is known for his belief that "all men are created equal, and possess the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of property."
Newspaper owner who was arrested and imprisoned for printing a negative article about the NY Governor and refusing to snitch on the writer of the libel.
Religious movement of the "Great Awakening" that suggested to it's followers; to adopt a devout attitude and way of life.
Large public meetings for preaching and prayer often held outdoors, during the "Great Awakening" in colonial America.
Founder of the Georgia colony. He named the colony after King George III, and established it as a refuge for non-violent prisoners from England.
The bondage of men and women for the purpose of labor. Africans were captured, sold, and taken far from their homes and families by way of the middle passage.
A type of economy developed in the English colonies where a landowner would grow cash crops using slaves to work the land.
The Middle Passage
A horrific trip made by millions of African people after being captured and sold into bondage between Africa and the Americas.
This was the king of England during the settlement of the Jamestown colony. The colony was named in his honor by the founders.
Declaration of the People
A document written and given to Governor William Berkeley of the Virginia colony by Nathaniel Bacon and his fellow rebels listing their grievances.
A rich Englishman and childhood friend of King Charles II who took land in America as repayment of a debt owed to his father. This colony became known as Pennsylvania, or "Penn's Woods."