Symphonic Band Winter Final 2018
Terms in this set (90)
A note held for 4 beats
A note held for 2 beats
A note held for 1/2 beat
Two notes together = 1 beat
These notes are called
Lines of the Treble Clef
E G B D F
Spaces of the Treble Clef
F A C E
Lines of the Bass Clef
G B D F A
Spaces of the Bass Clef
A C E G
4 beat rest
2 beat rest
1 beat rest
Connects two notes of the same pitch. Play the notes as a single note.
Tells you which key a piece of music is played in. Can have either sharps or flats
The lines on a staff
Tells you how many beats in a bar (and what type they are)
Dotted quarter note
1 1/2 beats (1+1/2)
Play one step higher (half step, eg C-C#)
Play one step lower (half step, eg b-Bb)
A direction to play lively and fast.
The unit of musical rhythm.
3 or 4 notes played simultaneously in harmony.
In sheet music, a symbol at the beginning of the staff defining the pitch of the notes found in that particular staff.
One who directs a group of performers. The person who indicates the tempo, phrasing, dynamics, and style by gestures and facial expressions.
Groups of tones that are harmonious when sounded together as in a chord.
Harsh, discordant, and lack of harmony. Also a chord that sounds incomplete until it resolves itself on a harmonious chord.
A symbol used in musical notation indicating to gradually quicken tempo.
A tempo having slow movement; restful at ease.
A string of chords played in succession.
Includes all twelve notes of an octave.
Closing section of a movement.
In sheet music, an instruction to repeat the beginning of the piece before stopping on the final chord.
A piece of music written for two vocalists or instrumentalists.
Pertaining to the loudness or softness of a musical composition. Also the symbols in sheet music indicating volume.
A musical composition written solely to improve technique.
To hold a tone or rest held beyond the written value at the discretion of the performer.
A symbol indicating that the note is to be diminished by one half step.
The structure of a piece of music.
A symbol indicating to play loud.
Word to indicate the movement or entire composition is to be played very slow and serious.
Pleasing combination of two or three tones played together in the background while a melody is being played.
Arrangement of music for a combined number of instruments.
The distance in pitch between two notes.
The manner in which tones are produced with regard to pitch.
The opening section of a piece of music or movement.
The flats and sharps at the beginning of each staff line indicating the key of music the piece is to be played.
Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played smoothly.
One of the modes of the tonal system. Music has a positive affirming character.
A form of music written for marching in two-step time. Originally used for military processions.
The music between 2 bar lines
One of the modes of the tonal system. Can be identified by the dark, melancholic mood.
A symbol in sheet music that returns a note to its original pitch after it has been augmented or diminished by the Key Signature or Accidentals.
Eight full tones above the key note where the scale begins and ends.
Tones used to embellish the principal melodic tone.
A repeated phrase.
A single line of music played or sung. A musical sentence.
An instruction in sheet music to play softly. Abbreviated by a "p".
The frequency of a note determining how high or low it sounds.
A direction in sheet music indicating the tempo is to be very fast.
The movement of chords in succession.
A set of four musicians who perform a composition written for four parts.
A set of five musicians who perform a composition written for five parts.
The piece of cane in wind instruments. The players cause vibrations by blowing through it in order to produce sound.
The element of music pertaining to time, played as a grouping of notes into accented and unaccented beats.
A canon where the melody is sung in two or more voices. After the first voice begins, the next voice starts singing after a couple of measures are played in the preceding voice. All parts repeat continuously.
Successive notes of a key or mode either ascending or descending.
A set of six musicians who perform a composition written for six parts.
A symbol indicating the note is to be raised by one half step.
A curve over notes to indicate that a phrase is to be played legato or without tonguing.
Short detached notes, as opposed to legato.
Made up of five horizontal parallel lines and the spaces between them on which musical notation is written.
A melodic or, sometimes a harmonic idea presented in a musical form.
Tone color, quality of sound that distinguishes one verse or instrument to another. It is determined by the harmonies of sound.
A numeric symbol in sheet music determining the number of beats to a measure.
The intonation, pitch, and modulation of a composition expressing the meaning, feeling, or attitude of the music.
The first tone of a scale.
Three note chords consisting of a root, third, and fifth.
Rapid alternation between notes that are a half tone or whole tone apart.
A composition written for three voices and instruments performed by three persons.
Time signature with three beats to the measure.
Three notes played in the same amount of time as one beat.
The raising and lowering a pitch of an instrument to produce the correct tone of a note.
Passage for the entire ensemble or orchestra without a soloist.
Two or more voices or instruments playing the same note simultaneously.
Creating a variation in pitch of a note.
A note containing 4 beats